Home | Articles | Foods To Eat And Avoid During Period Cramps

By Dr Prathista Rao M
Consultant Obstetrics & Gynecology
Published on 29/11/2022

Let's admit it, girls: Most periods are very painful! Women on their periods are often seen using a heating pad or a hot water bottle to ease menstrual pains. These are throbbing, painful sensations that produce pain in the abdomen, lower back, and thighs. The pain ranges from mild to unpleasant to severe, and a few women require medical help. Moreover, when the uterine muscles contract and shed the accumulated lining, some women experience nausea, vomiting, headache, fainting, bloating, constipation, and low blood pressure. Let's start with why cramps happen!

What causes menstruation pain?

During menstruation, the cells that form the uterine lining, also known as endometrial cells, begin to break down and release large amounts of inflammatory prostaglandins. These chemicals constrict the uterine blood arteries and cause the muscle layer to contract, resulting in severe cramps.

Do you experience intense period cramping?

One should try changing the diet if regular medicine doesn't relieve symptoms. What meals might help ease period cramps, and which should be avoided during the period? If you have severe cramps, we have a list of things to consume and foods to avoid.

Foods For Managing Menstruation Cramps

What you eat can greatly impact the severity of the menstrual cramps and pain. Here is a list of 6 such comfort foods that might help you get through these treacherous days!

Bananas

For menstruation cramps, bananas are excellent and are known to relieve period pains. They are high in fiber and will facilitate simple bowel movements. One might feel less bloated and have less pain as a result. Moreover, a lot of magnesium is found in bananas, which is believed to lessen the severity of period cramps. It's advisable to consume bananas in moderation because they are also high in natural sugars.

Lemons

Lemons are rich in vitamins C. The body can better absorb iron from food into the bloodstream and tissues with the help of vitamin C. Having extra vitamin C may be beneficial to increase iron absorption because women may be losing more red blood cells during their period than the body can. Lemons are a great food to eat to prevent muscular spasms because they are high in fiber.

Oranges

One of the best foods for period cramps is oranges. In addition, oranges also have magnesium, potassium, and vitamin D and can help with menstruation pain and cramp relief.

Watermelon

Watermelon is primarily composed of water, hydrates the body quickly, and introduces modest amounts of natural sugars into the system, which may help with cramping.

Broccoli

The iron and fiber in broccoli help fight period cramps. These nutrients ease any pain in menstruation, especially in the lower abdomen.

Kale

Kale is another excellent choice among the nutritious foods that ease cramps. Like broccoli and other greens, kale is a healthy diet for period cramps because it is high in calcium and magnesium.

Drinks That Help With Cramps

Muscle spasms can be relieved by eating, but drinks can also be helpful. Here are a few drinks that relieve cramps:

Water

Water is the most effective drink for reducing period cramps. When women bleed, some of the water in the body is lost, and the pain may worsen if you become dehydrated. Getting enough water can relax the muscles and prevent gas and bloating.

Chamomile

Menstrual cramps can be relieved by chamomile tea. Moreover, it has anti-inflammatory qualities that help to lessen cramps. Because it has a soothing impact on the nervous system, chamomile tea may also improve mood.

Ginger tea

Ginger tea can relieve bloating, nausea, and cramping pains. Because it can give women energy and make them feel more awake, ginger is also considered a good coffee replacement.

Raspberry leaf tea

The taste of raspberry leaf tea is good, and it has anti-inflammatory properties that could lessen period pains.

Foods To Avoid: Foods That Can Make Cramps Worse

Many regular foods do not help with period cramps. Here is a list of foods that worsen cramps:

Canned foods

Canned foods include a lot of salt, which promotes bloating and cramps. Moreover, they may have fewer nutrients. Refined items may include high levels of harmful chemicals used to preserve foods. Stick to healthy, fresh foods when you're on your period.

Beans

Beans, often high in fiber and vitamins, can upset the stomach during periods. It's best to avoid eating peas or beans during your period and instead eat lighter meals.

Candy

Candy is frequently heavy in sugar and low in nutrition. Artificial sugar can worsen them.

Fried foods

It's best to avoid anything that may upset the stomach because it will make the cramps worse. Fried foods are prone to causing stomach upset and interfering with healthy digestion.

Milk and other dairy products

Milk is generally healthy. However, the body is more prone to inflammation during this period. Dairy products include saturated fats, which can cause inflammation and worsen menstruation pain. Consuming dairy products in moderation may be a smart choice depending on your needs.

Caffeine

Caffeine can worsen pelvic pain prior to or during her menstruation. It can also cause stress and irritability.

Menstrual cramps can occur at any time during the menstrual cycle. However, this should not interfere with everyday activities. One can use any remedy, pose, or over-the-counter prescription (approved by a doctor) to make the period more comfortable. If the pain or cramping becomes unbearable, it is advised to visit a gynecologist.

When on your period, get as much rest as you can, Be kind and take care of your body!