- What is Epilepsy?
- Types of Epilepsy
- Risk Factors
- When to See a Doctor?
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder in which the brain functions abnormally and causes recurrent seizures. Seizures are symptoms of brain problems that can occur abruptly and cause unusual electrical activity in the brain, unconsciousness, and prolonged convulsions (body shakes uncontrollably). It can affect people of all age groups, irrespective of their gender, race, etc. In most cases, it can be cured with medication. However, few cases might require surgery to control seizures for people having epilepsy.
What is Epilepsy?
Types of Epilepsy
Generalized Onset Seizures:
- Temporary confusion or loss of consciousness.
- Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Loss of consciousness or awareness.
- The person may become fearful, panic, and angry.
- Repeated seizures.
- The person loses their ability to think, react, or communicate for a short period.
- A severe head injury.
- Brain Condition like Brain stroke, Tumour.
- Genetic syndromes or Congenital abnormalities.
- Prenatal injury, or brain damage that occurs before birth.
- Developmental disorders such as autism and neurofibromatosis.
- Brain infections such as meningitis, encephalitis, neurocysticercosis.
- Genetics plays a crucial role in developing it.
- Family history: A family history may increase the risk of developing a seizure.
- Head injuries: Head injuries are considered to be a reason for some cases of epilepsy. The risk can be reduced by wearing a seat belt while riding a car or by wearing a helmet while engaging in activities with a high risk of head injury.
- Stroke and other vascular diseases: Stroke and other blood vessel (vascular) diseases can cause brain damage that may trigger it. To reduce your risk alcohol, and cigarettes should be avoided, a healthy diet, and exercise regularly.
- Dementia: Dementia can higher the risk of epilepsy in older individuals.
- Brain infections: Infections such as meningitis that cause infection in your brain or spinal cord can increase the risk.
- Seizures in childhood: High fever in children can sometimes be related to seizures. The risk increases if a child has a long seizure, another nervous system condition, or has a family history.
- Blood tests
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography (CT)
When to See a Doctor?
- A seizure lasts over five minutes.
- Breathing or consciousness takes a longer time to recover after the seizure stops.
- A second seizure follows immediately after the first seizure.
- If you’re experiencing heat exhaustion, High fever.
- You’re pregnant.
- You have diabetes.
- You injure yourself during the seizure.
- Experiencing sudden headaches, numbness, or weakness on one side of your body before you have a seizure could be a sign of a stroke.
- It is a neurological condition with symptoms of seizures.
- The severity of seizures varies from person to person.
- Treatments include anti-seizure medications.
- It affects people of all age groups.
- The risk of premature death in people with epilepsy is three times more than in the population.
- People with epilepsy suffer from stigma and discrimination.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Seizure medical condition that happens when there is an uncontrolled activity (such as high fever, lack of oxygen, or head injury) in the brain that usually lasts for a short period.While it is a chronic neurological disease in which a person suffers from multiples, seizures. It can be treated with the right treatment, medications. Sometimes, when these options do not work, surgery is performed.
Common triggers for epilepsy:
- Alcohol, drugs, and nicotine
- Lack of sleep, tiredness
- Low blood sugar
- Stress, anxiety
- Hormonal changes
Seizure medicines may lead to unwanted side effects in some people. In most cases, the effects are mild and don’t last long. Often they can be treated by adjusting the dose or how a person takes it.
- Some common side effects that seizure medicines cause is tiredness, stomach upset or discomfort, weakness, or behavioral changes.
- Some side effects may lower your appetite, cause insomnia, blurred vision.
- Nausea, Headache Depression, unsteady Walking
- Although rare, the drug may cause bone marrow or liver failure.
Knowing your warning signs of seizures can help you control seizure activity.
- Sensitivity to smells, sounds, or sights
- Visual changes, such as tunnel vision
Surgery is a procedure that eliminates or alters a specific area of your brain that causes seizures. Epilepsy surgery is effective when seizures always originate in a single place in the brain. However, it is not the first line of treatment, but is often considered when at least two anti-seizure medications have failed to control seizures.