- Types of Brain Injury
- Causes of Brain Injury
- Symptoms of Brain Injury
- How Are Brain Injuries Treated?
- Prevention from Brain Injuries
- When to Visit a Doctor
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Loss of consciousness
- Loss of memory
- Focal neurological deficits like muscle weakness, loss of vision, change in speech
- The mental alteration, such as disorientation, slow thinking, or difficulty concentrating
Types of Brain Injury
Traumatic Brain InjuryIt is caused by an external force, such as a blow to the head, which causes the brain to move inside the skull or damages the skull. This, in turn, is damaging to the brain.
Acquired Brain Injury
Causes of Brain Injury
|Motor Vehicle Crashes.||Stroke (Hemorrhage blood clot)|
|Sports/ Recreation Injuries.||Infectious Disease (Meningitis, Encephalitis Seizure)|
|Abusive Head Trauma||Seizure|
|Gunshot Wounds||Electric Shock|
|Child Abuse||Metabolic Disorders|
|Domestic Violence||Neurotoxic Poisoning (Carbon Monoxide, Lead Exposure)|
Symptoms of Brain Injury
- Behavioral and Emotional
Cognitive symptoms of brain damage:
- Memory loss
- Difficulty in processing information
- Trouble Concentrating
- Shortened attention span
- Inability to understand abstract concepts
- Impaired decision-making ability
Perceptual symptoms of brain damage:
- Change in vision, Hearing or Sense of Touch
- Spatial Disorientation
- Inability to Sense Time
- Disorders of Smell and taste
- Balance Issues
- Heightened Sensitivity to Pain
Physical Symptoms of Brain Damage:
- Extreme mental and physical fatigue
- Sensitivity to light
- Sleep disorders
- Loss of Consciousness
Behavioral or Emotional symptoms of Brain Damage:
- Irritability and Impatience
- Reduced tolerance for stress
- Flattened or Heightened emotions or reactions
- Denial of disability
- Increased aggressiveness
How Are Brain Injuries Treated?
Prevention from Brain Injuries
- Don’t ever shake the head.
- Install window guards to keep young children from falling out of the windows.
- Install shock-absorbing material on playgrounds.
- Wear helmets for sports or cycling.
- Wear seat belts in your car and drive carefully.
When to Visit a Doctor?
Frequently Asked Questions:
The most common brain injuries are: Traumatic Brain Injury, Acquired Brain injury.
The prognosis for mild TBI is generally better than for moderate TBI, and the prognosis for moderate TBI is usually better than for severe TBI. With concussion (mild TBI), most people recover most or all of their brain function within 3 months of injury, most of them recovering earlier.
Despite the initial hospitalization and inpatient rehabilitation services, about 50 per cent of people with TBI will experience further declines in their daily lives or die within 5 years of the injury. Some of the health consequences of TBI can be avoided or reduced
The great majority of recovery from traumatic brain injury takes place within two years of injury; after that, the brain-injured patient faces an uncertain future. In some patients, further, improvement is seen as late as 5-10 years after injury
A disability applicant with long-term physical and mental difficulties due to severe TBI may be eligible for Social Security Disability Benefits. If you have suffered a traumatic brain injury that prevents you from working, you may be eligible for Social Security Disability Benefits..
Try to get proper sleep at night,Increase the activity slowly,Avoid alcohol, drugs, and caffeine,Eat brain-healthy foods,Stay hydrated by drinking a lot of water.
Mild traumatic brain injury may have a temporary effect on your brain cells. More serious traumatic brain injury can lead to bruising, torn tissues, bleeding, and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries may result in long-term complications or death.
Nausea and lack of balance/coordination often occur when someone’s brain is damaged. Depending on the part of the brain affected, any number of other physical symptoms, such as weakness, dizziness, vomiting, blindness, paralysis, or worse, may also occur
The most common short-term complications associated with TBIs include cognitive impairment, difficulties with sensory processing and communication, immediate seizures, leakage of hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), vascular or cranial nerve injuries, tinnitus, organ failure, and polytrauma.