- Who’s at Risk?
- Types of Aspergillosis
- Causes of Aspergillosis
- Aspergillosis Diagnosed
- Symptoms of Aspergillosis
- Signs and symptoms
- Treatment of Aspergillosis
Who’s at Risk?
Types of Aspergillosis:
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis:
Causes of Aspergillosis:
- Blood Tests to check for the antibodies and fungus molecules
- Chest X-Ray
- CT Scan of the lungs
- Sputum stain and culture for examining the bronchial mucus
Symptoms of Aspergillosis:
Signs and Symptoms of Aspergillosis:
- Fever and chills
- Cough which brings up blood
- Shortness of breath
- Chest or joint pain
- Headache and eye symptoms
Treatment of Aspergillosis:
- Observation: Simple, solitary aspergillomas don't always require treatment, and drugs aren't always helpful in removing these fungi. Instead, aspergillomas that aren't causing symptoms can be checked with a chest X-ray. Antifungal drugs may be prescribed if the illness worsens.
- Oral Corticosteroids: The method of therapy for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis is to keep asthma and cystic fibrosis from getting worse. Oral corticosteroids are the most effective approach to achieve this. Antifungal drugs aren't effective on their own for allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, but they can be used in conjunction with corticosteroids to lower the dose of steroids and improve lung capacity.
- Antifungal Medications: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is treated with these medications. Voriconazole, a newer antifungal medicine, is the most successful treatment (Vfend). Another alternative is amphotericin B. All antifungal medications have the potential to cause major side effects, such as kidney and liver damage. Antifungal drug interactions with other treatments are also common.
- Embolization: This technique stops aspergilloma-related lung hemorrhage. A radiologist uses a catheter to inject a substance into an artery feeding a lung cavity where an aspergilloma is causing blood loss due to an aspergilloma. The injected material solidifies, cutting off the area's blood supply and halting the bleeding. This treatment works for a while, but the bleeding will most likely return.
- Surgery: As antifungal drugs have a hard time penetrating an aspergilloma, surgery to remove the fungal mass is the first line of defense when an aspergilloma causes pulmonary hemorrhage.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Aspergillosis usually occurs when vulnerable people breathe in (inhale) Aspergillus spores. Aspergillosis is a contagious fungal infection that cannot be passed from one person to another.
The signs and symptoms of invasive aspergillosis vary depending on which organs are damaged, but in general, it can cause:
- Fever and chills
- A cough that causes blood up
- Breathing problems
- Pain in the chest or joints
- Symptoms of the eyes or headaches
- Lesions on the skin
Despite the fact that many people have died from the invasive condition, voriconazole has been reported to have cured a patient with invasive Aspergillus. As a result, some people may be able to recover from the sickness.
The fungus can be found on dead leaves, stored grain, compost piles, and other decayed vegetation. It's also present on the leaves of marijuana plants. Despite the fact that most people are exposed to aspergillus, infections caused by the fungus are uncommon in persons with a strong immune system.