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I-Pill

i-pill

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By Medicover Hospitals / 1 Feb 2021
Home | Medicine | I-Pill

What is I-Pill?

  • I-Pill is used as an emergency contraceptive tablet in the event of unsafe intercourse or failure of contraception, to avoid unintended pregnancy. Within 24-72 hours after having unprotected sex, the emergency contraceptive pill must be taken. It is best to take the pill orally. Often, the faster you take the drug, the quicker it is because the pill becomes less successful as time passes. It is recommended that most of these pills be taken within 72 hours.
  • I-Pill tablet contains an active ingredient called levonorgestrel. It prevents the production of hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormones when the active compound reaches the bloodstream (FSH). These hormones are responsible for the creation and release of ovarian eggs (ovulation). Hence, the emergency pill works by slowing the ovulation process, depending on your menstrual cycle. However, if the egg has already been released from the ovary, the tablet operates by disrupting the sperm fertilization of the egg. If fertilization has already occurred, the implantation (attachment) phase in the uterus avoids pregnancy by hindering it.
  • What most women need to remember, though, is that the morning-after pill is not a primary form of birth control and can only be used in an emergency situation. In addition, pills used to cause abortion should not be confused with that. If taken in a responsible way, it is generally safe, but can lead to some side effects, such as nausea, fatigue, and stomach cramps.
  • Nature
    Emergency contraceptive
    Composition Levonorgestrel (synthetic progesterone)
    Uses Prevents unwanted pregnancy
    Side-effects allergies, irregular menstrual cycle, unexpected vaginal bleeding, skin rashes
    Precautions porphyria, arterial disease, breast cancer, liver problem
    1. I-Pill Uses
    2. I-Pill Side effects
    3. I-Pill Storage and Safety
    4. Dosage
    5. Frequently Asked Questions
    6. Citations

    I-Pill Uses:

  • It is used as an emergency contraception to discourage unintended pregnancy.Provides a safe and successful way after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.
  • Way of use:

  • To stop unintended pregnancy, take one pill as soon as possible, but no later than 72 hours after unprotected sex.
  • How does it work

  • The synthetic form of the naturally occurring female sex hormone called progesterone is levonorgestrel. The mature egg is released from the ovaries during a typical menstrual period; this process is termed ovulation. To avoid the release of more eggs, the ovaries then produce progesterone and prepare the womb for a future pregnancy. When fertilization occurs, the body's progesterone levels remain elevated and the womb lining is retained. If there is no pregnancy, the body's progesterone levels decrease, resulting in menstrual cycles. After swallowing the I-pill, however, the body is fooled into believing that the egg has been released to prevent the egg from being released.
  • I-Pill Side Effects:

  • If taken in a responsible way, this tablet is generally secure. There may be some side effects, however, such as:
    • Nausea
    • Tiredness
    • Headaches
    • Cramps of the Stomach
    • Irregularities in Menstruation (delayed or early periods)
    • Levonorgestrel, which can induce allergies in women, is the active component of this pill.
    • In the menstrual cycle, this can cause abnormalities
    • It can cause vaginal bleeding or discharge that is unusual or unexpected.
    • It may cause physical pain, such as fatigue, dizziness, breast tenderness.
    • It will adversely affect your libido.
    • It can cause rashes on the skin
    • It may also react poorly with other medicines.
  • Owing to the heavy dose of hormones found in the pill, most of these side effects occur.
  • Note

    • I-Pill is a contraceptive pill for emergencies and is not recommended for abortion purposes.
    • It is only suitable for women between the ages of 25-45 and is not approved for adolescents
    • If you are allergic to Levonorgestrel or additives that are present with it, stop using I-Pill.

    Storage and Safety

  • Do not exceed the dosage prescribed.
  • Before using it, read the instruction leaflet/label carefully
  • Store in a cool spot, secured against moisture and sun.
  • Keep out of children's reach and hearing.
  • Medically supervised use
  • When do you take a contraceptive pill?

  • The emergency pill can only be used by women between 25 and 45 years of age. It is not the safest approach to be followed by adolescents. With the rise in the rate of teenage pregnancy in India, schools and colleges need to consider launching a campaign for sex education and educating young people about the harmful effects of contraceptive pills on a reproductive system that is growing. These contraceptive pills are hormonal pills and their use for a prolonged period of time will lead to serious menstrual problems and ovarian harm.Emergency pills can lower the libido level, according to ISARC researchers; some women even delay periods due to skin allergies. Several women complain of serious headaches caused by hormonal imbalance.
  • Important tips

    • This tablet acts like a pill that has a high dose of hormones for emergency birth control. So, do not routinely use it and use it for emergency purposes only.
    • You should not confuse it for standard oral contraceptive pills or abortion pills, since an i-pill is an emergency contraceptive pill.
    • It is wise to do a pregnancy test to ensure that you are not pregnant if you do not get your periods within three weeks of taking this drug.
    • If you are allergic to it, do not take this pill. For other important contraceptive pills that you should take, speak to your doctor.
    • Take another pill as soon as possible if you vomit within three hours of taking this pill. This is because vomiting does not make the body absorb the components of the drug, which can render the pill ineffective.
    • In pregnancy prevention, these pills are not 100 percent effective.
    • These pills do not work if there has already been a pregnancy.
    • Emergency pills do not safeguard against the possibility of HIV-like sexually transmitted diseases. To avoid these diseases, condoms should always be used as they are safe and efficient contraceptive methods.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    It is used as an emergency contraceptive tablet in the event of unsafe intercourse or failure of contraception, to avoid unintended pregnancy. Within 24-72 hours after having unprotected sex, the emergency contraceptive pill must be taken.
    If you have unprotected intercourse just once, you will become pregnant! Pregnancy can be avoided by emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs). Only in an emergency should the ECP be used. For a brief period of time, it just works.
    Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are pills that can be taken for up to 120 hours (5 days) following unprotected sex, also referred to as the morning-after pill. Some forms of emergency contraception function best after intercourse if taken within 72 hours (3 days)
    The pill is 99 percent successful if you use it perfectly. But individuals are not perfect and it's easy to forget or miss pills, so the pill is about 91 percent effective in fact. That means that each year, about 9 out of 100 pill users get pregnant.
    Around 50-100 percent of the time, one-dose emergency contraceptive pills avoid pregnancy. Ovulation timing, BMI, and drug interactions are some reasons why emergency contraceptive pills can fail.
    A successful means of avoiding pregnancy and treating certain medical problems is to take birth control pills. Since the pill works in your system by adding various hormones, it can influence your menstrual cycle. Some women may have light bleeding, and others may fully miss their cycles.
    Potential side effects are - Nausea, headaches, dizziness, and breast tenderness, frequent menstrual bleeding (more common with the mini-pill). Changes in mood. Clots of blood (rare in women under 35 who do not smoke)
    I-pill is emergency contraception that can be taken only in case of an emergency and not otherwise, unlike normal oral contraceptives. This is because it contains high doses of hormones which, when taken on a regular basis, may dramatically alter your hormonal response. You must opt for other contraception options such as condoms, daily birth control pills, or intrauterine devices (IUDs) that can help prevent unintended pregnancy, although you can use i-pill several times in a month.
    No, for daily birth control purposes, it is not suggested. Following unsafe sex or contraceptive failure, use it only as an emergency measure.
    Although the i-pill greatly decreases the risk of pregnancy, a pregnancy test is recommended if your periods are interrupted by more than a week. If you want to continue the pregnancy and are concerned if your baby will be hampered by the pill, then there is no need to bother because i-pill does not work if pregnancy has already been developed or if it affects the fetus.
    It is one of the most popular issues that concern women to take a contraceptive pill for an emergency. These pills are currently believed to induce a temporary delay in pregnancy by affecting the hormone cycle (or menstrual cycle). Your chances of being pregnant in the future are not affected.

    Citations:

  • I-Pill, https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/340778
  • I-Pill Effects, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10810730150501413