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By Medicover Hospitals / 09 Mar 2021
Home | Medicine | Adderall
  • Adderall is a stimulant that contains both amphetamine and dextroamphetamine in one pill. Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are CNS stimulants that affect brain and nerve chemicals, causing hyperactivity and impulse control. Narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are treated with Adderall. According to the National Institute on Substance Abuse (NIDA), the drug enhances the function of the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine. Adderall primarily activates the sympathetic nervous system, which causes pupil dilation, elevated blood pressure and heart rate, and increased sweating as part of the body's "fight or flight" response.
    1. Adderall Uses
    2. Adderall Side effects
    3. Adderall Precautions
    4. Dosage
    5. Overdose
    6. Storage
    7. Adderall vs Modafinil
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Adderall Uses:

  • Adderall is a combination medicine of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine and is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It functions by altering the concentrations of certain natural compounds in the brain. Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine belongs to the stimulant class of medicines. It will help you improve your attention span, remain focused on a task, and manage behavioural issues.
  • Adderall Side Effects:

  • Most common side effects of Adderall are:
    • Lack of appetite
    • Dry mouth
    • Trouble in sleeping
    • Headache
    • Stomach pain
    • Constipation
    • Nausea
    • Weight loss
    • Anxiety
    • Dizziness
  • Some of the serious side effects of Adderall are:
    • Irregular heartbeat
    • Depression
    • Hallucinations
    • Impaired and delusion thinking
    • Blurred vision
    • Allergic reactions
    • Insomnia
    • Fatigue
  • Adderall can cause some serious side effects and can lead to some serious health problems. If you are facing any of the above serious side effects. Talk with your doctor if you are having any serious problems.
  • Precautions:

  • Before taking Adderall talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients which can cause some serious allergic reactions and some serious problems Before using Adderall talk with your doctor if you are having any other medical history such as Kidney disease Liver disease Stomach ulcer and abdominal pain
  • How to use Adderall?

  • Take this medication orally, usually 1 to 3 times a day, with or without food, as directed by your doctor. When you first wake up in the morning, you usually take the first dose. If your doctor prescribes additional doses, take them as instructed by your doctor, which is normally 4-6 hours apart. If you take this medicine late in the day, you might have trouble while sleeping (insomnia). The dose is determined by your medical condition and treatment reaction. Your doctor can change your dose to find the right one for you. Carefully follow the doctor's orders.
  • Doses of Adderall

    Forms and strengths

  • Immediate-release tablet(5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg, 12.5 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, and 30 mg)
  • Extended-release capsule(5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg, and 30 mg)
  • Dosage for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder

  • Adults (ages 18 years and older):5mg should be taken twice a day
  • Dosage for Narcolepsy

  • Adults (18 years and older): 10 mg should be taken once a day
  • Missed Dose:

  • If you skip a morning dose, take it as soon as possible. If your next dose is just a few hours away, skip the missed dose and take the next one on time. Never try to make up for missed doses by taking two doses at once. This has the potential to have adverse side effects.
  • Overdose:

  • Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Adderall tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Warnings for serious health conditions


  • There haven't been enough human studies to know for sure how Adderall could affect a foetus if the mother takes it. In animal studies, the drug has been shown to have harmful effects on the foetus when the mother takes it. Animal experiments, on the other hand, do not always predict how humans will respond. Only if the value outweighs the risk should this drug be used during pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding

  • When taking this drug, you should not breastfeed. Adderall can pass through breast milk and cause negative side effects in a breastfed infant. If you're breastfeeding your kids, let your doctor know.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Adderall vs Modafinil

    Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that affect brain and nerve chemicals that cause hyperactivity and impulse control Modafinil belongs to a group of drugs known as wakefulness inducing agents. It works by altering the levels of certain natural substances in the brain's sleep and wakefulness control area.
    Adderall is a combination medicine of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine and is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Modafinil alleviates severe sleepiness caused by narcolepsy and other sleep disorders, such as sleep paralysis (obstructive sleep apnea).
    Most common side effects of Adderall are:
    • Lack of appetite
    • Dry mouth
    • Trouble in sleeping
    • Headache
    • Stomach pain
    • Constipation
    • Nausea
    Some of the common side effects of Modafinil are:
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Nervousness
    • Dizziness

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Adderall is a mixture of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, two central nervous stimulants that increase dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain to boost concentration and minimise impulsivity.
    Adderall is a stimulant, so it can make you feel more alert and concentrated. It has the ability to lessen the symptoms of Xanax. If you have anxiety, for example, Adderall will make you feel even more nervous. It can also increase the number of panic attacks if you have panic disorder.
    For men taking Adderall, erectile dysfunction (ED) is a possible side effect. Some men show a loss of interest in sex as well as difficulties obtaining and maintaining an erection.
    Despite the fact that Adderall will immediately boost your mood, it is not a depression drug. Long-term use of Adderall (whether prescribed or not) can result in a variety of severe physical and mental health problems, so even though you've been diagnosed with ADHD and given Adderall, you should proceed with caution.


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