Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes soreness and scratchiness in the throat. Only a small percentage of sore throats are caused by strep throat. Strep throat can lead to problems such as kidney irritation or rheumatic fever if left untreated. Rheumatic fever can cause painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, and damage to the heart valves. Children are the most common victims of strep throat, although it may afflict anyone of any age. If you or your kid develops strep throat symptoms, consult your doctor right away for testing and treatment.

Symptoms of strep throat

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of strep throat:

  • A severe pain in the throat.
  • Swallowing is painful.
  • Tonsils that are red and swollen, with white patches or pus streaks.
  • Tiny red patches on the roof of the mouth, near the back (soft or hard palate)
  • Neck lymph nodes that are swollen and painful
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Rash
  • Nausea or vomiting, especially in children under the age of six.
  • Aches in the body

Many of these signs and symptoms may be present in you or your kid, yet you or your child may not have strep throat. A viral infection or another sickness could be the source of these signs and symptoms.


When To See a Doctor?

If you or your kid exhibits any of the following signs and symptoms, contact your doctor:

  • A sore throat that is accompanied by swollen, sensitive lymph glands
  • A painful throat that lasts more than 48 hours.
  • Fever.
  • A rash that is accompanied by a painful throat
  • Breathing or swallowing issues
  • A lack of improvement after taking antibiotics for 48 hours, if strep has been detected.

Many of these signs and symptoms may be present in you or your kid, yet you or your child may not have strep throat. A viral infection or another sickness could be the source of these signs and symptoms.

Visit the doctor when you notice worsening of symptoms.

Get the best treatment for Strep throat at Medicover Hospitals from the best doctors and ENT specialists.


It is caused by streptococcus pyogenes, often known as group A streptococcus. Streptococcal bacteria are easily spreadable. They can be spread through droplets from infected people coughing or sneezing, or through sharing food or drinks. Bacteria can also be picked up and transferred from a doorknob or other surface to your nose, mouth, or eyes.

Risk factors

Several things can increase your chances of contracting strep throat:


The most common victims of strep throat are children.


Despite the fact that strep throat can strike at any time, it is more common in the winter and early spring. Strep germs thrive in situations when large groups of people are in close proximity.


To avoid strep infection, take the following precautions:

Wash your hands

Hand washing is the most effective approach to avoid all types of diseases. That's why it's critical to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds on a frequent basis. Teach your children how to properly wash their hands with soap and water, or how to use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

Cover your mouth with your hand

When your children cough or sneeze, teach them to cover their mouths with an elbow or a tissue.

Personal items should not be shared

Drinking glasses and eating utensils should not be shared. Dishes can be washed in hot, soapy water or put in the dishwasher.


Your doctor will perform a physical examination, search for signs and symptoms of strep throat, and most likely prescribe one or more of the tests listed below:

Antigen test

A swab sample from your throat may be used in a quick antigen test by your doctor. By examining for chemicals (antigens) in the throat, this test can detect strep bacteria in minutes. If the test is negative but your doctor still suspects strep, a throat culture may be performed

A PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test

It is a type of molecular test. A swab sample from your throat is also used for this test.

Throat culture

A sample of the secretions, a sterile swab is rubbed over the back of the throat and tonsils. It's not painful, but it could make you gag. The sample is then cultured in a lab to see if germs are present, but results can take up to two days.


There are medications that can be used to treat strep throat, alleviate its symptoms, and avoid complications and spread.


If your doctor diagnoses you or your child with strep throat, an oral antibiotic will most likely be prescribed. Antibiotics reduce the duration and severity of symptoms, as well as the risk of complications and the spread of infection if given within 48 hours of the commencement of the illness.
You or your child should feel better in a day or two after starting treatment. If you haven't seen any improvement after taking antibiotics for 48 hours, contact your doctor.
Children who are feeling well and do not have a fever can usually return to school or child care after they are no longer contagious, which is usually 24 hours after starting treatment. Complete the full course of prescriptions. Recurrences and significant consequences, such as rheumatic fever or renal irritation, might occur if you stop too soon.

Lifestyle changes and selfcare

In most situations antibiotics will promptly eradicate the bacterium that is causing the infection. In the meantime, try the following remedies to treat strep throat symptoms:

Take proper sleep

Sleep aids your body's ability to fight infection. If you have strep throat, try to stay at home as much as possible. If your child is sick, keep him or her at home until the fever has gone away, he or she feels better, and an antibiotic has been taken for at least 24 hours.

Make sure you drink plenty of water

Maintaining a lubricated and moist sore throat makes swallowing easier and prevents dehydration

Consume calming foods

Broths, soups, applesauce, cooked cereal, mashed potatoes, soft fruits, yoghurt, and soft-boiled eggs are all easy to swallow. To make things simpler to swallow, puree them in a blender. Sherbet, frozen yoghurt, and frozen fruit pops are all examples of cold meals that can be calming. Avoid spicy foods and foods that are acidic, such as orange juice.

Gargle with warm salt water

Gargling several times a day can help reduce throat soreness in older children and adults. 8 ounces (237 millilitres) of warm water, and 1/4 teaspoon (1.5 grams) of table salt Make sure your youngster understands that after gargling, he or she must spit out the liquid.


Sore throats can be soothed with honey. Honey should not be given to children under the age of 12 months.

Make use of a humidifier

Increasing the amount of moisture in the air can help to alleviate discomfort. Choose a cool-mist humidifier and clean it on a daily basis, as certain humidifiers can harbour bacteria and mould. Nasal sprays with saline help to keep mucous membranes wet.

Avoid irritants

Cigarette smoke can irritate a sore throat and make illnesses like tonsillitis more likely. Paint or cleaning chemical fumes can irritate the throat and lungs, so avoid them.

Do’s and Don’ts

Strep throat can be transmitted and contracted from others. This requires you to be alert and vigilant and follow some preventive guidelines to stay safe and alleviate the symptoms. Following are some Do’s and Don’ts for managing Strep Throat:

Wash your hands frequently to minimize the spreading of infections. Share your personal things with others.
Take your antibiotics as prescribedStop taking the medications after feeling better, take the full prescribed dose.
Maintain distance from others who are infectedEat cold food, rather eat it hot, it will soothe the throat.
Eat soothing foods such as soups, cereal, etc. Give aspirin to children and teenagers.
Gargle 3 times a day with salt water. Eat too spicy food.

Care at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover Hospitals, we have the most trusted team of doctors and medical experts who are experienced in providing excellent healthcare services to patients. Our dedicated team of experts, trained nurses and other paramedical staff offer the best care to a patient. We make use of advanced medical technology and diagnostic facilities for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of Strep throat. Our experienced team of doctors, ENT specialists and medical experts treat this condition with utmost precision and bring successful treatment outcomes.



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