Advanced High Cholesterol Treatment at Medicover

Cholesterol is a wax-like substance present in the blood. The body needs cholesterol to create healthy cells but when the body produces too much of it, the chances of developing heart diseases increases. In high cholesterol, the fat gets deposited in the blood vessels. Over time, these deposits thicken and restrict the amount of blood that can pass through the arteries. These deposits can sometimes separate and create a clot that results in a heart attack or stroke.

High Cholesterol

Symptoms

High cholesterol has very few noticeable symptoms. The majority of the time, it only results in emergencies. For example, the harm brought on by high cholesterol can result to a heart attack or a stroke.


Causes

Your blood carries cholesterol that attaches to proteins. A lipoprotein is a combination of cholesterol and proteins. Depending on what the lipoprotein contains, cholesterol can be classified into many categories. These are:

  • Lipids with a low density (LDL) : Lipids with a low density (LDL): LDL, the so-called "bad" cholesterol, carries cholesterol metabolites all over the body. LDL cholesterol builds up in the artery walls, hardening and constricting them.
  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) : The "good" cholesterol HDL removes extra cholesterol from your body and transports it to your liver.
    Triglycerides, a kind of blood fat, are often measured as part of your lipid profile. Your chances of developing heart disease may also increase if your triglyceride levels are high.
    Other conditions that cause unhealthy cholesterol levels are:
  • Cholesterol levels can also be worsened by some types of medications for other health problems, such as:
    • Acne
    • Cancer
    • High blood pressure
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Irregular heart rhythms
    • Organ transplants
High Cholesterol Causes

Diagnosis

A lipid panel or lipid profile, a blood test used to measure cholesterol levels, often show Typically, you must fast for nine to twelve hours prior to the test, taking just water as a beverage.

Follow your doctor's recommendations as certain cholesterol tests don't require fasting.

  • Total cholesterol
  • Cholesterol LDL
  • Cholesterol HDL
  • Triglycerides
High cholesterol Diagnosis

Treatment

The first line of defence against high cholesterol is changing one's lifestyle through activities like exercises and healthy eating. However, your doctor could suggest medication if you've made these significant lifestyle changes but your cholesterol levels are still high.

The selection of a medicational drug is influenced by a number of variables, including your individual risk factors, age, state of health, and potential drug side effects. Typical options include:

  • Statins : The chemical your liver needs to produce cholesterol is blocked by statins. As a result, your liver filters cholesterol. You can choose from atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin etc.
  • Inhibitors of cholesterol absorption : The cholesterol you consume is absorbed by your small intestine and released into your bloodstream. By decreasing the absorption of dietary cholesterol, the medication ezetimibe lowers blood cholesterol levels. A statin medicine may be taken along with ezetimibe.
  • Acid bempedoic : This more recent medication functions similarly to statins but is less likely to result in muscle soreness. A maximal statin dosage increased by bempedoic acid can dramatically reduce LDL. There is also a combo tablet that contains ezetimibe and bempedoic acid.
  • Resins that bind bile acids : Bile acids, a component required for digestion, are produced by your liver using cholesterol. By attaching to bile acids, the drugs cholestyramine , colesevelam, and colestipol reduce cholesterol in an indirect manner. This causes your liver to produce more bile acids by using the extra cholesterol, lowering the level of cholesterol in your blood.
  • PCSK9 blockers : These medications can increase the liver's ability to absorb LDL cholesterol, which reduces blood cholesterol levels. People with a hereditary disorder that results in extremely high LDL levels or those with a history of coronary disease who are intolerant to statins or other cholesterol drugs may benefit from these medications.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What will happen if there is high cholesterol?

An unhealthy buildup of cholesterol and other deposits on your artery walls known as atherosclerosis can be brought on by high cholesterol. These deposits, or plaques, may lessen blood flow through your arteries, leading to issues like chest pain, stroke and heart attack.

2. How can I rapidly reduce my cholesterol?

Changing your diet can reduce cholesterol and improve your heart health by reducing saturated fat, eliminating trans fat and eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids.

3. What are the best drinks to lower cholesterol?

Red wine, plant-based smoothies, soy milk, pomegranate juice, citrus juice, and green tea are some of the finest beverages for lowering cholesterol.

4. What are the 5 symptoms of high cholesterol?

You experience dizziness, an unsteady stride, slurred speech, lower limb discomfort, or left-sided chest pain, pressure, or fullness as signs of heart disease, stroke, or atherosclerosis in other blood vessels. High cholesterol may be associated with any of these disorders, and immediate medical attention is necessary for each.