MD, FACP, FINR
Sr. Consultant Neuro Vascular Intervention
Experience: 14 years
Quite often we hear about varicose veins and many of us even suffer from this uncomfortable condition. When it is mild, it’s easy to ignore it and live with it, but when it gets severe, this ignorance brings a lot of associated complications with it. Before we get to know what happens with untreated varicose veins, let’s understand what it is!
When the veins are unable to keep the blood flowing, this causes the blood to pool down, leading to varicose veins. They are enlarged, twisted veins caused by elevated blood pressure in the veins. They most commonly occur in the legs and feet as standing and walking increase the pressure in the veins of the lower body part. Genetics, pregnancy, being on the feet for longer durations, obesity, and age are the common factors for developing varicose veins.
It is a misconception that varicose veins are purely an aesthetic nuisance. They not only just give an unsightly appearance but may also be a serious health concern. If left untreated, they can cause:
1.Pain and swelling: Untreated varicose veins continue to get more damaged, leading to increased pain and swelling. Pain could occur due to increased pressure build-up in the veins. Swelling occurs due to leakage of blood from the fluid in the blood to the adjacent tissues.
2.Weakness and tiredness: Weakness in the legs due to varicose veins can affect the active lifestyle and day-to-day activities.
3.Venous leg Ulcers: Poor blood circulation due to damaged valves in the veins causes increased pressure in the veins. This compels the blood vessels to become fragile and leads to ulcers. Ulcers make it harder for the wounds to heal and may cause spontaneous bleeding
4.Bleeding: As varicose veins occur in superficial skin, even a minor cut, scrape, or scratch can cause bleeding, leading to blood loss.
5.Venous insufficiency: The blood wall valves in varicose veins do not work properly, making it difficult for the blood to return to the heart from the legs. This causes the blood to pool in the legs.
6.Blood clots: Varicose veins increase the risk of developing blood clots. The formation of blood clots can cause obstruction to blood flow leading to health complications.
7.Hyperpigmentation: Inflammation and swelling occurring due to varicose veins can cause the skin around it to appear dark and discoloured. The discolouration is reffered to as hyperpigmentation.
8.Lipodermatosclerosis: Lipodermatosclerosis is the changes in the skin of lower legs occurring due to the stiffening or hardening of leg tissues. Untreated varicose veins make the tissues in the legs firm and heavy, making it difficult for a person to move or relax.
9.Superficial Thrombophlebitis: It is a condition involving the inflammation of the veins just beneath the surface of the skin resulting from decreased blood flow and weakening of the veins. This causes pain, inflammation, redness, and tenderness.
10.Deep vein thrombosis: It is one of the most serious conditions related to varicose veins and could be life-threatening. Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a clot is formed in the deep veins of the body, usually the legs. Symptoms include increased swelling and redness.
The right treatment depends upon the severity of the condition, medical history, and doctor recommendations. Endovenous laser ablation, micro-phlebectomy, and sclerotherapy are the most effective treatments for varicose veins.
Do not ignore the symptoms and seek treatment on time to avoid complications.
Get the best treatment for varicose veins from our experienced doctors with proven track record.