reasons for dark circles around the eyes

Dark circles are annoying! Especially for Indian skin tone which is high in melanin, it does not shy away from making the dark circles and other pigmentations more pronounced. They are a very common concern among men & women of all ages. The skin under your eyes is the thinnest on the entire body, so one needs to be very gentle with it. Fortunately, there are many ways to address them, from brightening eye creams and serums to medical treatments. Here we show you what’s causing darker skin under your eyes and give information and tips to address it.

What Causes Dark Circles?

Dark circles under the eyes may be due to the natural aging process. Thinner skin can make the blood vessels under it more visible, making the undereye area appear darker. In addition to age, here are some likely causes of dark circles under the eyes:

  • Lack of sleep or poor sleeping habits.
  • Allergies, including hay fever.
  • Hyperpigmentation occurs when the body produces more melanin.
  • Reduction in the levels of fatty tissue around the eyes.
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Overexposure to sunlight
  • Frequent rubbing of the eyes.
  • Ageing
  • Of smoking
  • Inherited genes
  • Thyroid conditions
  • Dehydration
  • Dermatitis
  • Eye drop treatment for glaucoma, such as bimatoprost

Worried about the dark circles under your eyes? Timely treatment & care can help cure them! So, Book an appointment today with our Dermatologists.

Medical Treatment of Dark Circles

The doctor would recommend an appropriate treatment plan depending on the severity of the condition. Some effective treatment options are:

Topical Agent

Creams containing skin-lightening agents such as kojic acid, glycolic acid, and hydroquinone can be used. Low-potency creams are also available without a prescription. Stronger creams would require a prescription.

Chemical Peel

Light chemical peels are used because the under-eye area is thin and sensitive and should be performed by a doctor or licensed esthetician. Doing chemical peels at home without expert supervision could lead to serious complications such as chemical burns to the skin


Various lasers are available to lighten dark circles. Some have added advantages in reducing wrinkles and inducing collagen growth.

Injectable Fillers

Physician-injected fillers correct volume loss, reduce wrinkles, reduce shadows, and brighten the under-eye area.


This is a surgical procedure that can be performed in patients with an accumulation of fat under the eyes, which causes the appearance of dark circles due to the projected shadows.

How To Get Rid of Dark Circles Naturally?

The problem of dark circles isn’t alien to both men and women! And when they occur, we feel dreadful and awful. So, here’s a bucket list of simple and easily doable home remedies that can help:

  • Getting enough sleep as adults requires an average of seven to eight hours of sleep a day.
  • Healthy eating, nutritional supplements, and adequate hydration.
  • Apply a cold compress or tea bags soaked in cold water or cold cucumber slices.
  • Applying sunscreen, wearing sunglasses or carrying an umbrella, or wearing a hat can prevent sun damage.
  • Moisturise the skin under the eyes using a good moisturiser and under-eye creams.
  • Apply natural oils like almond oil, jojoba oil, coconut oil, or pure vitamin E oil.
  • Reduce eyestrain by taking breaks from the computer, phone, or TV, and avoiding reading in dim light.
  • Avoid tobacco use and excessive alcohol consumption.

When to see a doctor

If you develop swelling and discoloration under just one eye, you should talk to your doctor about it, especially if it seems to get worse over time. If dark circles are also commompained with weight loss and hair loss, then also you should meet a doctor immediately.


Dark circles are a common reason people see a dermatologist. People may not like the appearance of dark circles under their eyes and experience low self-esteem, but it is important to remember that they are harmless. Various medical treatments and home remedies can help reduce the appearance of dark circles. Although most treatments are safe, researchers have not confirmed their effectiveness in reducing dark circles under the eyes.

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