By Dr Anand Deshmukh
Consultant Physician and Diabetologist
Published on 30/08/2022
Rainy season brings joy but we also have to deal with many monsoon diseases, one such being the viral fever.
Due to poor immunity, viral fever is familiar among youngsters and the elderly. Fever is not a disease; it is a symptom of a viral infection. A viral illness can affect any body region, including the intestines, lungs, and airways, due to which a fever will develop. A high fever indicates that the body's immune system is fighting the pathogens.
A viral fever indicates a viral infection that results in fever, which can be flu, dengue, malaria, etc. While most viral fevers settle on their own within a day or two, some are more serious and need treatment.
Viral fever can be contagious by inhaling the virus-containing droplets from a sick person. Seasonal flu is the most familiar reason for viral fever. The doctors do not prescribe antibiotics for viral infections as antibiotics are helpful against bacterial infections but not viruses. Viral diseases are controlled by symptomatic medicines or antiviral drugs for serious illnesses.
The symptoms of viral fever are:
- Both joint and muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Skin rashes
- Appetite loss
- An increase in body temperature
- Frequent chills
- Redness of eyes
- Respiratory viral fever
- Hemorrhagic viral fever
- Gastrointestinal viral fever
- Exanthematous viral fever
- Neurologic viral fever
How to prevent viral fever?
Viral infections cause viral fever; thus, avoiding infections can save people from getting sick. Here are some listed precautionary steps for viral fever:
- The most important preventive advice is to practice good hygiene. This entails regularly washing or sanitizing the hands, refraining from touching the face or nose, changing clothes daily, throwing away old tissues, etc. To stop the spread of the virus or viral fever, refrain from sharing food, beverages, and personal items.
- Eating healthy, warm foods will help minimize the risks of getting a viral fever as viruses thrive in cold or normal temperatures. One may also enhance the diet with immune boosters and healthy supplements to help fight viral infections.
- Annual flu shots are another vital preventive precaution to enhance your immunity and avoid developing a viral fever.
- Using insect repellents, mosquito nets, and wearing full-body covering clothes can protect from mosquito bites, which can cause viral diseases such as dengue, malaria, and other illnesses.
- Don't drink contaminated water, which is a primary contributory source of viral fever, mainly in children.
- Drink sufficient fluids, mainly water.
- Take plenty of rest
Do’s and Don'ts of Viral Fever
Fevers are the body's natural response to illness or inflammation. Fever indicates that the body's immune system is battling the virus in order to stop it. Chills, headaches, shivering, body pains, and loss of appetite are some of the symptoms of viral fever. In most situations, no special treatment or antibiotics are required. Some dos and don'ts of viral fever at home include:
|Drink lots of warm water, soup, and homemade broths||Perform strenuous activities|
|Coldwater sponging at regular intervals||Share the clothes, handkerchief, towels, beverages, or food, of the infected person|
|Take adequate rest||Use too many layers of clothes or blankets to cover yourself|
|Consult with the doctor immediately if there are no signs of improvement in 2-3 days||Take over-the-counter medications without consultation|
Don’t wait to get your fever severe!
If your temperature rises to 102°F (39°C) or above, it's time to call a doctor.