Although nonspecific back pain is sometimes referred to as simple back pain, this does not indicate that the pain is mild. The level of pain can vary from mild to severe. It can spread to one or both buttocks or thighs if the pain is in the lower back. The pain is usually relieved by lying flat on one's back. It is frequently affected when you move your back, cough, or sneeze. So, nonspecific low back pain is mechanical in the sense that it varies with posture or exercise.
Most people who experience nonspecific low back pain recover quickly, usually within a week, though it can take a little longer sometimes. However, once the pain has subsided or disappeared, it is common to experience further bouts (recurrences) of pain in the future. It is also common to experience minor pains on and off for a long time after a bad bout of pain. Sometimes, the pain lasts for several months or longer. This is known as chronic back pain.
Causes of lower back pain
Strains and sprains
A herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, occurs when the disc's cartilage pushes against the spinal cord or nerve roots. The cushion that sits between the vertebrae of the spine extends beyond its normal position.
This can cause nerve root compression as it exits the spinal cord and passes through the vertebral bones. Disc injury usually occurs because of a sudden movement, such as lifting something or twisting the back. In contrast to a back strain, pain from a disc injury usually lasts longer than 72 hours.
Spinal stenosis:Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal column narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
The most common cause of spinal stenosis is degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae. As a result, bony spurs or soft tissues, such as discs, compress the nerve roots or spinal cord.
Symptoms of spinal nerve compression include:
Other conditions:A variety of other conditions can also cause lower back pain. Among these conditions are:
Arthritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the joints.
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, and tendons.
Spondylitis is an inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae of the spine.
Spondylosis is a degenerative condition that can result in the loss of normal spinal structure and function. Although aging is the primary cause of the condition, the location and percentage of degeneration vary from person to person.
Other health conditions that can cause lower back pain are:
- Kidney and bladder problems
- ovarian cysts
- uterine fibroids
Remedies of low back painDepending on the cause and severity of your back pain, you may try a few home remedies for low back pain to relieve the pain until your back returns to normal:
Cold and heat therapies:
It's best to use cold compresses or an ice pack, rather than heat, immediately after a back injury to relieve pain by numbing the area and avoiding unnecessary swelling. However, applying heat pads or a hot-water bottle to your back 48 hours after the onset of back pain may be helpful. Heat soothes and relaxes aching muscles even increases the blood flow, which aids in the healing process. Remember that heat therapy is only effective for the first week.
Limited bed rest:
Bed rest, which was once the mainstay of back pain treatment, has fallen out of favor. Doctors now believe that it is better to constantly move so that your muscles do not stiffen. Bed rest can still provide useful relief from low back pain, especially if your pain is so severe that sitting or standing hurts.
Exercise aids in the development of strong, flexible muscles that are less prone to injury. It can also aid in the healing of back pain , prevent future problems, and improve function. Develop an exercise routine with your doctor. A good exercise program will typically include three types of exercise: aerobic activity, strength training, and flexibility exercises.
When to visit a doctor?
Lower back pain does not always have a clear cause, and it often resolves on its own. Rest, hot or cold therapy, over-the-counter pain relievers, and gentle stretching may all aid in recovery.
However, if a person's lower back pain is severe, does not seem to improve, or occurs in conjunction with other troubling symptoms, like tingling or numbness down the legs, you should consult a doctor.
- walking or moving the legs with difficulty
- loss of bowel or bladder function
- loss of sensation in the legs
- very severe pain