- Functions of The Liver
- Types of Liver Diseases
- Liver Transplant Surgery
- Types of Liver Transplants
- Liver Transplant Procedure
- Frequently Asked Questions
Functions of the Liver
- Your Liver will do plenty of things that keep you healthy. It turns nutrients into chemicals your body desires.
- Filters out Poisons.
- It helps food to convert into energy. So if your Liver doesn’t work well, it may affect your whole body.
- Producing the Bile and excreting the bile
- Excreting Bilirubin, hormones, and drugs
- Activates the Enzymes
- It acts as storage for vitamins, minerals
- Produces blood proteins for blood plasma
- Regulates clotting of blood
- Produces Cholesterol to assist in carrying fats throughout the body
- Converts Glucose into glycogen. This Glycogen can later be converted as Glucose and utilized for energy.
Types of Liver Diseases
- Yellow skin
- Stomach pain
What is Liver Transplant Surgery?
How do we get Liver From?
Who Needs a Liver Transplant?
What are the Types of Liver Transplants?
Cadaveric Liver Transplant Surgery
Living Donor Liver Transplant Surgery
Split Type of Liver Transplant Surgery
Cardiac Dead Liver Transplant Surgery
When to Prefer a Liver Transplant?
- Chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis
- Primary biliary cholangitis
- Sclerosing cholangitis
- Biliary atresia
- Wilson’s disease
- Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Who is Eligible for Liver Donation?
- The donor whose age is between 18 to 20 years
- A person who is physically and mentally prepared for surgery and has undergone doctor counseling
- The candidate whose health condition is good
- A donor who is weighing correctly
- The person who does not take alcohol or drugs
- A candidate whose Blood Group matches the recipient
- A person whose Liver, Kidney, Lungs, and Heart are functioning normally.
Who is Not Eligible to Donate Liver?
- A donor whose age is under 18 years
- A person who is suffering from Lungs disease and heart-related disease
- A candidate whose Blood group does not match
- A donor who is having HIV or Hepatitis
- A person who takes alcohol/drugs
- A candidate who is psychiatrically ill
- The person who is overweight
Tests Required Before Opting for Liver Transplant
- Imaging scans
- Blood Tests
- Diagnostic tests
- Consults and exams
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of abdomen/pelvis OR
- Computed tomography (CT) scan of abdomen/pelvis
- A dopamine stress echocardiogram (DSE)
- Ultrasound of abdomen/pelvis
- Electrocardiogram/chest X-ray
- Mammogram or Pap smear for women
- Other testing and blood work
What are the Requirements of Donor for a Liver Transplant?
- A donor must be in Good Health Condition
- Blood Group of the Donor who is ready to donate their part of the Liver must be matched with the recipients.
- The age of the donor must be in between 18 years to 60 years
- A donor should not have any health complications
- The physical size of the donor must be the same or larger than the recipient
What is the Pre-procedure for Liver Transplant?
Liver Transplant Procedure
In Case of Living Donor
Outcomes after Liver Transplant
Liver Transplant Success Rate
Liver Transplant Recovery
- The patient will be shifted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after successful liver transplantation for 2 days.
- To assist the patient in breathing, a breathing pipe is inserted. When the patient is stable, then they will be discharged from the hospital.
- After discharge, the patient must visit the hospital once a week for the 1st month. Slowly the visiting time will be decreased. Later you will be visiting the hospital once a year.
- The patient needs to undergo regular medical tests. As a result, you can check your liver is not getting damaged by rejections, infections, etc.
- The patient must be careful while going outside. Meanwhile, every time he/she should wear a mask while going into a crowd to avoid infections.
- While moving with sick people, you must be very careful. Because liver transplant patients are at high risk of grabbing infections. In case if you find any illness, immediately concern the doctor.
- However, recovery is time taking and it’s a long process in Liver Transplantation patients. You should follow simple exercises like walking, deep breathing, etc.
- Diet plays a major part in Liver transplant people. Firstly you should go with ice chips, after that liquids, and finally, you are eligible to take hard foods and solids.
- Meanwhile, 3 to 6 months of rest is compulsory. After this, the patient can go back to normal work if they feel comfortable and ready to do it. Above all, doctors’ consult is also important before going back to work.
- Liver Transplant people should avoid Alcohol.
- Liver Transplant people should not take any medicine without a doctor’s prescription.
Diet After Liver Transplant
- Avoid street foods
- Don’t take raw food items like beef, fish, seafood, etc.
- Shouldn’t eat undercooked food items
- Always eat the hot served food
- Eat well-cooked food
- Avoid food that is not covered
- Eat proteins and mineral containing foods
- Take fresh fruits and vegetables
- Take cereals and food grains
- Don’t take alcohol
- Avoid Grapefruit
- Make sure you are having fiber in your diet
- Avoid taking too much salt and fat-containing food items
- Avoid sugar contained foods and drinks
Frequently Asked Questions:
First of all, a Liver transplant depends on the basic clinical conditions of the patient. It varies from individual to individual. Best judgment can be done by the doctor who is treating the patient whether he/she can wait for the Liver Transplant or not.
First Degree Relatives in India are Mother, Father, Brother, Sister, Grand Father, Grandmother, Son, Daughter, and Wife. In India, first-degree relatives are Legally Permissible to donate their part of the Liver.
Regarding Family Donation, as it is immediately available in the family, we can go ahead.
Meanwhile, after Liver Transplant, a patient can have normal Family Life. Many patients are there those who have conceived after Liver Plantation. After Liver Transplantation Life is beautiful. Only thing is, you have to be Principle and should take care of yourself.
In general, donors can get back to their normal life after discharge from the hospital. For instance, they can do simple and daily activities.
Meanwhile, the living donor should stay at the hospital for around 5 to 8 days, depending upon the patient’s condition it will rely on.
If you are having any doubts regarding Liver Transplantation, risks, etc please mention your doubts in the comments box given below. We are very happy to reply to your doubts.