What Is Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
An ovarian cyst could be a benign tumor. A benign tumor cyst is a common benign tumor that develops with an ovary. Dermoid cysts develop from primitive skin tissues that have been trapped in the ovary since birth. As with a blackhead, the fluid inside is sebaceous and frequently contains hair. Dermoid cysts are more prevalent in young women, and they can occur in both ovaries. Other cysts can develop into malignant tumors. These malignant tumors are more common in older women. They vary in size but can be quite huge before being noticed.
A Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy is a sort of minimally invasive surgery in which small incisions of 0.5 to 1 cm are made in the abdominal wall to allow a laparoscope to be placed. The surgeon can see within the abdomen and pelvis thanks to the laparoscope. By filling the abdominal cavity with an absorbable gas, commonly carbon dioxide, the abdominal cavity can be viewed. Small devices can be inserted into the small incisions, allowing the surgeon to remove an ovarian cyst while keeping most of the remaining ovary intact, which is necessary for conception. Patients must be anesthetized throughout the surgery and are usually discharged the same day.
Laparoscopy has several advantages over typical abdominal ovarian cystectomy surgery, including a shorter postoperative hospital stay, a faster recovery period, and less pain. When smaller instruments are used, more ovarian tissue is preserved and scarring is reduced.
When To Visit A Doctor?
Call your doctor if you are not improving or if you have:
- Fever and chills are symptoms of infection.
- Incisional redness, edema, profuse bleeding, or discharge.
- Pain that you cannot treat with the medication doctor has prescribed.
- Over one pad is soaked each hour of vaginal bleeding.
- Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or blood in the urine for an extended period.
- Leg swollenness, redness, or pain.
- New or worsening symptoms
What Happens in Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
General anesthesia is used for a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy, which means you will be sleeping during the procedure. A few cuts will be made in your abdomen by your consultant surgeon. They will next place a laparoscope (a thin telescope with a light attached) into these cuts to inspect your ovaries. After that, your consultant will make a larger cut above your pubic line. The cyst will be removed through the wider orifice. Samples of the cyst may be sent for testing for malignancy.
During a pre-surgery screening, which will most likely take place on a day before the procedure, your consultant surgeon will describe the procedure to you. As with any surgery, there may be certain risks and side effects. These will be discussed with you. Because you'll be undergoing a general anesthetic, you'll probably be requested to limit your food and drink intake in the hours before your surgery. You may also be advised to wear special tights throughout the procedure to prevent blood clots.
A laparoscopic procedure takes 1-2 hours and the patient is discharged within hours of completion. The speed with which one recovers is determined by aspects such as the patient's daily activities, lifestyle, habits, and so on, although practically all women report feeling recovered after a month.
What Are The Risks or Complications?
Although Generallaparoscopy is also known as "keyhole surgery," it is still a surgical procedure, and something may go wrong. An infection that develops at the incision sites is a typical consequence. Another potential issue with a laparoscopic cystectomy is that the scope can cause injury to the bladder, bowel, or blood vessels. A wide-open procedure allows us to see your pelvis right away. We can determine whether or not you have an ovarian cyst and what type it is. Then we can decide on the best course of action. If we remove the cyst from your ovary, any removed tissue is examined under a microscope. If the cysts are located elsewhere in your pelvic cavity, we may typically treat them as needed.