- Disordered movement of the muscles which control facial expression
- Loss of feeling in the face
- Loss of sense or taste
- Hypersensitivity to sound in the affected ear
- Inability to close the eye
- Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome are viral illnesses.
- Surgical causes: for example, when an acoustic neuroma or facial nerve tumor is removed, or when the parotid gland is operated on.
- Bacterial causes, such as Lyme disease or an infection in the middle ear
- Traumatic injuries, such as brain, skull, or face fractures.
- Forceps or facial presentation delivery, for example, can cause birth trauma.
- Congenital disorders include faulty facial nerve or muscle development in the womb.
- Moebius syndrome and CHARGE syndrome are two rare genetic syndromes.
- Although a stroke can induce facial palsy, the issues are not caused by direct injury to the facial nerve. In this situation, paralysis is caused by brain injury and improper message transmission to the facial nerve.
- To establish the extent of nerve involvement, electromyography (EMG) is used.
- Blood testing to see if there's anything else going on, like diabetes or Lyme disease.
- A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan will be used to see if your symptoms are due to a structural issue.
- Prednisone and other corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce the swelling of the facial nerve, allowing it to fit more easily inside the bone tunnel that surrounds it. If you start corticosteroids within a few days after the onset of your symptoms, you'll get the best results.
- Antivirals' function is still muddled. When compared to a placebo, antivirals alone have demonstrated little benefit. Antivirals combined with steroids may be beneficial for some people with Bell's palsy, although this has yet to be confirmed.
- You are pregnant
- You have diabetes
- You have a lung infection
- You have a family history of this condition
Frequently Asked Questions:
Bell's palsy has no recognized etiology. Bell's palsy patients experience swelling and irritation of the cranial nerve VII. The condition is thought to be caused by the reactivation of an existing (dormant) viral infection, according to most scientists.
Bell's palsy causes facial paralysis in the majority of people. After around two weeks, you should see a steady improvement. The majority of persons regain full facial motion and function within three months.
There are several illnesses that resemble Bell's palsy but are medical crises, such as stroke. If you detect facial weakness or drooping, you should seek emergency medical attention. Although Bell's palsy can be frightening, it is rarely life-threatening.