What Is Aortic Valve Replacement ?

Heart valve replacement or aortic valve replacement is a surgical procedure to repair or replace a heart valve that is not working properly due to valve disease, also known as heart valve disease.

The operation methods used for aortic valve replacement are open-heart surgery, called minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

It is a major operation that can stretch for more than two hours, and the recovery period is often many weeks.

There are two types of heart replacement valves available:
  • Mechanical valves - made of synthetic materials
  • Biological valves - made of animal tissues

Aortic Valve Replacement Cost In India

The cost of an aortic valve replacement varies according to the city and the hospital one chooses. The cost of an aortic valve replacement operation in Hyderabad, Vizag, Navi Mumbai, Aurangabad, Nashik, Nellore, Kakinada and Kurnool also differs based on several other factors like severity of the surgery and the complications associated with the patient.

City Cost Range
Aortic Valve Replacement Cost In India Rs. 2,50,000 to 5,00,000.

How To Prepare For Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery

  • Once it is decided to do heart valve replacement surgery on you, the doctor will advise surgical and medical imaging tests that are mandatory to proceed with the procedure.
  • A few days before the surgery, your doctor will explain the benefits and risks involved. You have to sign a consent form, giving consent for the surgery.
  • If you smoke, you have to stop it a few weeks before your surgery, as smoking can lead to blood clotting and breathing issues.
  • If you are taking any medications or have any other health problems, inform your doctor about this.
  • You may need to fast for six to eight hours before the operation.
aortic valve replacement

How is Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery Done?

  • You will be brought to the operation room and given general anaesthesia to put you into a deep sleep.
  • When you are unconscious, the surgeon begins the operation. First, the surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the breastbone to access the heart.
  • When the blood has been rerouted into the bypass machine for pumping, the surgeon will stop the heart by injecting it with medicine.
  • In the event of a valve replacement surgery, the surgeon will remove the damaged valve and replace it with an artificial valve. In case of an aortic valve repair procedure, the doctor will repair the defective valve to ensure better function
  • Once the operation is over, the doctor will restart the heart's pumping using controlled electric shocks before the bypass machine is disconnected.
  • The breast bone is closed up with wires, and the incision wounds are closed with dissolvable stitches.

What Are The Risks Involved In Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery?

The risks involved are as follows -

  • Infection
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Clotting of blood
  • Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Kidney problems

Our Surgeons

At Medicover, we have the best team of cardiac surgeons and cardiologists who provide comprehensive care and treatment to the patients.

Why Choose Medicover

Medicover is the best multi-speciality hospital, providing 24x7 comprehensive care and treatment to patients under one roof. We are equipped with the right tools and technologies, state-of-the-art facilities, top-notch infrastructure, and a team of highly experienced doctors, surgeons, and staff who deliver superior treatment outcomes.We have the most advanced technology and experienced cardiac surgeons and cardiologists who perform aortic valve replacement surgery.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is valve replacement a major surgery?

Yes, an aortic valve replacement involves removal of defective valve and replacing it with a new valve made from animal tissues or synthetic materials. It's a major operation and can take a long time to recover.

2. What are the two types of aortic valve replacements?

There are two major types of replacement techniques:
(A) Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and
(B) Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)

3. How often should you see a cardiologist after aortic valve replacement?

Traditionally, all patients who have undergone a valve replacement surgery are followed up on a regular basis by cardiologists, usually annually. This follow-up assessment is usually accompanied by an echocardiogram.

4. Which surgery is best for valve replacement?

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement, also known as TAVI is a minimally invasive procedure used to replace an aortic valve that has narrowed and is unable to open properly.

5. What causes an aortic valve replacement?

The causes for aortic valve replacement are:
(a)Aortic stenosis (narrowing of the valve) which means the aortic valve becomes narrowed and obstructs the blood flowing through it.
(b)Aortic regurgitation (leaking of the valve ) which means the aortic valve leaks and blood flows back through it into the left ventricle.

6. What are the symptoms of needing an aortic valve replacement?

The symptoms of heart problems which may require aortic valve replacement are:

  • Whooshing or swishing heart sound (heart murmur)
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue after activity or having less ability to be active
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath, particularly during vigorous activity or when lying down.

7. What are the tests done before aortic valve replacement?

The most common tests performed before aortic valve replacement are:

  • Chest X-ray.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Blood tests.
  • Echocardiogram (to assess your current valve
  • Coronary angiogram

8. How long is hospital stay after aortic valve replacement?

You will have to stay for about a week after an aortic valve replacement. The amount of time to recover fully depends on factors such as your age and overall health.

9. Can your body reject a valve replacement?

You will have to stay for about a week after an aortic valve replacement. The amount of time to recover fully depends on factors such as your age and overall health.

10. What is the success rate of valve replacement surgery?

The success rate of valve replacement is approximately 91-94% and it also depends on the patient's age and overall health condition.