LSCS (Lower Segment Cesarean Section)
Lower Segment Cesarean Section (LSCS) is a surgical procedure that involves delivering a baby through an incision made in the lower segment of the uterus. Also known as a C-section, LSCS is performed when vaginal delivery poses risks to the mother or the baby or in situations where labour progression is not proceeding smoothly.
LSCS is a carefully orchestrated medical intervention that requires a skilled surgical team. The procedure begins with an incision made horizontally just above the pubic hairline, resulting in a smaller scar that is easily hidden. This approach minimizes the impact on abdominal muscles, leading to quicker recovery times compared to traditional vertical incisions.
There are various reasons why a healthcare provider might recommend LSCS, including:
- Fetal Distress: When the baby shows signs of distress, such as an irregular heart rate, a swift delivery through LSCS becomes necessary to ensure the baby's well-being.
- Breech Presentation: If the baby is positioned on feet or buttocks first (breech), LSCS might be the safer option to avoid complications during delivery.
- Previous C-Section: Women who have undergone a previous C-section might opt for LSCS in subsequent pregnancies to avoid potential risks associated with vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).
- Placenta Previa: When the placenta partially or completely covers the cervix, LSCS is preferred to prevent bleeding complications.
- Multiple Pregnancies: In cases of twins, triplets, or more, LSCS might be chosen due to the increased complexity of delivery.
While LSCS is a common and well-practised procedure, it still involves surgical risks like infection, bleeding, and reactions to anesthesia. However, medical advancements and improved surgical techniques have significantly reduced these risks, making LSCS a safe option for mothers and babies when medically necessary.