Hip replacement surgery or hip arthroplasty surgery is done by an orthopedic surgeon who takes out the damaged portions of the hip joint with parts generally constructed of metal, ceramic, and very hard plastic.
This surgery helps to relieve a painful hip joint and facilitates certain physical activities such as walking, swimming, playing golf, or riding a bike. However, high-impact activities are not recommended, like running or playing basketball.
Hip replacement surgery is opted to get relief from severe hip pain or treat any disability in the hip joint. Osteoarthritis is a common condition that needs hip joint replacement. It is also performed to get relief from discomfort, inflammation, and pain due to damage of the hip joint.
This surgery is recommended in the following conditions -
A total hip replacement or total hip arthroplasty is a regular type of hip replacement surgery in which the damaged or diseased hip sections are changed with artificial implants (prosthetic implants). The socket (acetabulum) is replaced with a cup-shaped implant. The femoral head component, a metal ball replaces the femur head.
Partial Hip replacement Surgery:
A partial hip replacement or hip hemiarthroplasty, repairs the femoral head of the hip joint with an artificial implant. It does not replace the hip socket. This surgery is mainly done to repair certain types of hip fractures.
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing:
The impaired bone surface inside the hip joint are removed and replaced with a metal implant. This procedure removes less bone. However, it is typically performed only on men who are physically active and have more bone density.
When compared to a traditional hip replacement, people who undergo this procedure have a lower chance of dislocation.
Hip Replacement Surgery Procedure:
Preparing for surgery:
The doctor will explain to the patient the procedure, benefits, and risks involved in the surgical procedure.
The doctor may prescribe some tests to ensure the patient's health condition is fine.
The patient needs to sign an informed consent.
The doctor may suggest stopping some medications before the surgical procedure.
The patient should avoid eating for atleast 6-8 hours before the surgery.
Firstly, the patient is taken to the operating room and injected anesthesia. The anesthesia will make the patient sleep throughout the surgery. Then an incision is made into the patient’s hip joint and the doctor performs the surgery. After surgery, the surgical incision is closed with a suture.
Once the surgery is completed, the patient is brought to the post-op care unit. Here, the patient’s condition is monitored closely along with pain killer medicines. The patient may have a catheter (small tube) in the bladder and a drain in the hip. To keep the new joint stable, a foam wedge or pillows may be placed between the legs. Later, the patient will be moved to a recovery room and kept under observation for a few more days.