Need for Hip Replacement Surgery
- Inflammatory arthritis - Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis
- Injury - hip fracture, dislocation after a fall
- Hip joint tumour
- Developmental hip dysplasia
- Childhood hip disorders
Types of Hip Replacement Surgeries:The three main types of hip arthroplasty are:
- Total hip replacement
- Partial hip replacement
- Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing
Total Hip Replacement
Partial Hip replacement Surgery:
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing:
When compared to a traditional hip replacement, people who undergo this procedure have a lower chance of dislocation.
Hip Replacement Surgery Procedure:
Preparing for surgery:
- The doctor will explain to the patient the procedure, benefits, and risks involved in the surgical procedure.
- The doctor may prescribe some tests to ensure the patient's health condition is fine.
- The patient needs to sign an informed consent.
- The doctor may suggest stopping some medications before the surgical procedure.
- The patient should avoid eating for atleast 6-8 hours before the surgery.
Benefits of Hip Replacement Surgery:
- Relief from hip joint pain
- Increases leg strength
- Improves the quality of life
- Long-lasting effect
Risk Factors for Hip Replacement Surgery:Generally, complications are observed in any surgical procedure. Some possible complications in hip replacement surgery may include:
- Blood clots in the legs or lungs
- Need for additional hip surgery
- Nerve injury resulting in weakness or numbness
Exercises for Hip Replacement Patients:Lying down exercises Glut exercise, Quad exercise, Heel slide, Hip abduction, Short arc quad exercise, External hip rotation, Bridging and stomach exercises
Standing Exercises - Hip Flexion, Standing hip abduction, Hip extension, Heel to buttock exercise, Mini squat, and Hip hitch
*Note - Remember these points BEFORE doing any exercise:
- Don’t twist the body while sitting or standing.
- Don’t bend the hips past 90 degrees (a right angle).
- Don’t cross your legs or feet.
- Don’t roll the knees or toes inwards.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Hip replacement surgery is the best treatment option available when no other treatment methods to provide relief from hip joint pain.
Usually, surgical pain is present after the surgery, but you will be relieved from hip joint pain. Patients can also walk the next day with pain relief medicines.
Generally, recovering process takes nearly three to six months. It depends on factors such as the overall health and the success of rehabilitation therapy.
The hip implants last up to 10 to 25 years, depending on some factors like age and other health conditions.
Avoid aerobics, running, lifting heavy objects, and jumping from high heights. Avoid being overweight as it can quickly tear joints. Limit sitting or kneeling for a long time.
There can be some pain in the hip, pelvic, knee, and thighs. This is normal because your body is recovering/healing from a surgical procedure.
Take proper rest
Eat healthy foods to help speed up the recovery process
Pay attention to the diet and weight
Exercise to increase blood circulation
Physical therapy (physiotherapy)
Patients with hip replacements should not bend hips or knees more than 90 degrees, cross the legs, avoid leg lifting, and perform high-impact activities.
People suffering from the following conditions are eligible for hip replacement surgery -
Inflammatory arthritis - Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis
Hip joint tumor
Developmental hip dysplasia
Childhood hip disorders
The hip replacement surgery cost in India ranges between 3 to 5 lakhs, depending on various factors such as severity, type, age, place, etc.
First, visit the best orthopedic doctor and consult them. Clear all your doubts as well as you can ask questions about the doctor’s experience and the number of successful surgeries done.