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Finasteride

Finasteride
By Medicover Hospitals / 22 Jan 2021
Home | Medicine | Finasteride

What is Finasteride?

  • Finasteride is a prescriptions drug comes in the form of an oral tablet. The tablet is available in the brand name drug called Proscar and Propecia. The medication prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone in the body. It’s involved in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
    1. Finasteride Uses
    2. Finasteride Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Overdose
    5. Finasteride Warnings
    6. Finasteride Storage
    7. Finasteride vs Minoxidil
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Finasteride uses:

  • Finasteride is used to shrink the enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in adult males. It may be used alone or in combination with other drugs to reduce symptoms of BPH and may also reduce the need for surgery
  • The medication helps in improving the symptoms of BPH and provides benefits such as reduced urge to urinate, improved flow of urine with less strain, less feeling that the bladder is not completely empty, and decreased night-time urination. Finasteride medication works by reducing the amount of natural body hormone which can cause the growth of the prostate.
  • Finasteride Side Effects:

  • Some of the common side effects of Finasteride are:
    • Trouble getting erection
    • Ejaculation disorderEjaculation disorder
    • Increase in breast size
    • Tenderness
    • Skin rash
  • Some of the serious side effects of Finasteride are:
    • Swelling of the lips
    • Depression
    • Lumps or pain in the breasts
    • If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Finasteride if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.
    • A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Finasteride side effects.

    Precautions:

  • Before taking Finasteride talk to your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients that cause allergic reactions or some other serious problems.
  • Before using the Finasteride talk to your doctor if you are having any medical history:
    • Liver disease
    • Prostate cancer
    • Infections
    • Urinary problems

    How to take Finasteride?

    • Finasteride is usually available in the form of tablets. Take finasteride around the same time every day. Take finasteride just as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take more of it than prescribed by your doctor.
    • If you are taking finasteride to treat BPH, you should know that finasteride may control your condition, but it will not cure it. It may take at least 6 months to improve your symptoms. Continue to take finasteride even if you feel good.
    • If you are taking finasteride to treat male pattern hair loss, it may take at least 3 months before you see any improvement, as hair loss and growth occur slowly over time. However, you should expect to see improvement in the first 12 months of your treatment. If you have been taking finasteride for 12 months and have not seen any improvement, further treatment may not help.

    Forms and Strengths:

  • Dosage for male pattern hair loss
  • Generic: Finasteride
    • Form:oral tablet
    • Strengths:1 mg
  • Brand: Propecia
    • Form: oral tablet
    • Strengths: 1 mg/li>
  • Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)
    • Typical dosage:1 mg per day.
  • Dosage for benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Generic: Finasteride
    • Form: oral tablet
    • Strengths: 5 mg
  • Brand: Proscar
    • Form: oral tablet
    • Strengths: 5 mg
  • Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)
    • Typical dosage: 5 mg per day.

    Missed Dose:

  • Missing one or two-dose of Finasteride won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.
  • Overdose:

  • Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Finasteride tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Allergy Warnings:

    • Trouble in breathing
    • Swelling of throat and tongue
    • Hives

    Warnings for some serious health conditions

  • For people with Liver Disease
  • This drug is being processed in your liver. If you have liver disease, your body may be able to process this medicine more slowly. This could lead to the build-up of this drug in your body, which could increase your risk of side effects. Your doctor may reduce your dose of finasteride.
  • For people with prostate cancer
  • Finasteride may increase the chance of a fast-growing or irregular form of prostate cancer. If you have or have had prostate cancer, this drug may make you worse.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Before taking Finasteride consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Finasteride rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Finasteride.
  • Finasteride vs Minoxidil:

    Finasteride
    Minoxidil
    Finasteride is a prescriptions drug comes in the form of an oral tablet. The tablet is available in the brand name drug called Proscar and Propecia. The medication prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone in the body. Minoxidil is a class of drugs known as vasodilators. How minoxidil causes hair growth is not known.
    Finasteride is used to shrink the enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) in adult males. It may be used alone or in combination with other drugs to reduce symptoms of BPH and may also reduce the need for surgery. The medication is used for stimulating hair growth and slow baldness. It is most effective for people under 40 years of age who have recently lost their hair.
    Some of the common side effects of Finasteride are:
    • Trouble getting erection
    • Ejaculation disorder
    • Increase in breast size
    • Tenderness
    • Skin Rash
    Most of the common side effects of Minoxidil are:
    • Scalp itching
    • Dryness
    • Scaling
    • Flaking
    • Irritation

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Finasteride medication helps to block the activity of an enzyme called 5-alpha-reductase. This enzyme helps in converting the hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, the most potent androgen in the prostate.
    Eighty-three percent of finasteride users stop losing their hair as a result of the use of the medication, while about 65 percent of men have recovered some of their hair as a result of taking finasteride. The amount of men's recurrence experience varies and is unpredictable.
    Some studies reported that finasteride had side effects on sexual dysfunction, including ED, male infertility, ejaculatory dysfunction, and libido loss.
    The author concluded that patients taking this medicine may experience depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts, and clinicians should advise patients of the potential risk of adverse reactions.
    It's not the best time of day. Try to take Finasteride medication as directed by the doctor.
    Some of the common side effects of Finasteride are:
    • Trouble getting erection
    • Ejaculation disorder
    • Increase in breast size
    • Tenderness
    • Skin Rash
    Finasteride tablets should not be used in women with loss of hair. No improvement in hair count or patient or investigator assessment was observed in 137 postmenopausal women with androgenetic alopecia treated with finasteride tablets for 12 months. Finasteride should not be given to children, either.

    Citations:

  • Finasteride, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-199957010-00014
  • Finasteride in the treatment, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0190962298700076