info@medicoverhospitals.in
 040-68334455

Eptoin

eptoin

Find a Doctor:   

        Search
By Medicover Hospitals / 11 March 2021
Home | Medicine | Eptoin

What is Eptoin?

  • Eptoin Tablet is a prescription epilepsy medication that is used to control and avoid seizures (seizures). It prevents seizures by reducing irregular and repetitive nerve cell activity in the brain.
  • Eptoin Tablets may be taken alone or in conjunction with other medications. It can be taken with or without food/ milk. The best dosage for you will be determined by your doctor. This can be steadily increased until the condition has improved. It will take several weeks for this drug to effect, so it is vital to take it on a daily basis to get the benefits. And if you feel good, do not quit taking it until your doctor tells you to. It's possible that you'll have more seizures or that your bipolar disorder will worsen.
  • If you have kidney or liver problems, meningitis, depression, or suicidal thoughts, notify your doctor before taking this drug. Also, tell your doctor about any other drugs you're taking, including contraceptive pills as it might interact with or be influenced by this one. The dosage may need to be changed if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. If this drug makes you drowsy or dizzy, you should not drive or ride a bicycle. Blood tests may be needed on a regular basis to track the reaction to this medication.
    1. Eptoin Uses
    2. Eptoin Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Interactions
    5. Dosage
    6. Storage
    7. Eptoin vs Levipil
    8. Frequently Asked Questions
    9. Citations

    Eptoin Uses

  • This medicine is used to treat tonic-clonic (grand mal) and psychomotor (temporal lobe) seizures (a brain disorder characterized by uncontrolled jerking movements and loss of consciousness). It is also used to control or prevent seizures that may occur during or after brain surgery or severe head injury.
  • Eptoin Side effects:

    •   Rash
    •   Headache
    •   Dizziness
    •   Vomiting
    •   Nausea
    •   Slurred speech
    •   Vertigo
    •   Confusion
    •   Nervousness
    •   Constipation
    •   Tremor
    •   Altered walking

    Precautions:

  • It is very important for your doctor to check your health progress on a regular basis while using this medicine to see if it is working properly or not. Regular visit your doctor to allow for a change in dose. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for any adverse effects. Before starting the dose of this medicine or stopping the dose consult your doctor.
  • Pregnancy

  • This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnancy unless it is necessary. Before taking this medicine, all risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor.
  • Breastfeeding

  • This medicine is not recommended for use in women who are breastfeeding unless it is necessary. Before taking this medicine, all risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor. If the medicine is used, the infant should be closely monitored for any adverse effects.
  • Important information

    Symptoms of withdrawal

  • If you stop taking this medication suddenly, you might experience serious side effects, particularly if you've been taking a high dose for a long time. To prevent these side effects, a gradual dose reduction is recommended.
  • Suicidal thoughts

  • This medication may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts. As a result, it should be used with caution, particularly in patients who are depressed or suicidal. Such patients need regular monitoring of their mood and behavior. In certain cases, depending on the clinical condition, adequate caregiver and patient counseling, dose changes, or replacement with a suitable alternative may be needed.
  • Reactions of skin

  • This medicine should be used with caution as it may cause skin reactions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, eosinophilic drug reaction, and systemic symptoms in some patients. Treatment should be discontinued if there are symptoms of skin rash.
  • Bone Effects

  • This medicine is known to reduce bone density and may increase the risk of osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Tell your doctor if you have any bone disorders. Close monitor vitamin D levels are necessary while you take this medicine.
  • Driving

  • Some patients can experience dizziness, blurred vision, or drowsiness as a result of this medication. If you have any of these signs, you should avoid doing something that requires a high level of mental alertness, such as driving a car or running machinery.
  • Blood cell count

  • Neutropenia, anemia, and aplastic anemia are also possible side effects of this medication. The blood cell count must be tracked on a regular basis. Any symptoms of a low blood count should be brought to the attention of the doctor. In certain cases, depending on the clinical condition, appropriate dose changes or replacement with a suitable alternative may be needed.
  • Note:

    • Take your medication regularly as directed by your doctor, as missing doses may trigger seizures.
    • It can make you feel dizzy and sleepy. Do not drive or engage in any activity that needs mental concentration until you have a clear understanding of how it affects you.
    • It has the ability to increase levels of blood sugar. If you're taking some diabetes drugs, let your doctor know.
    • It can lead to swollen gums (gum hypertrophy), so maintain good oral and dental hygiene.
    • If you experience unexpected mood swings or suicidal thoughts, seek your doctor.
    • Do not abruptly stop taking the drug without consulting your doctor, as this can increase the frequency of seizures.

    Some healthy tips for preventing seizures

    • Practice yoga every single day.
    • Get enough sleep at night.
    • Limit the use of time on the screen, such as mobile/laptop.
    • Take your medication in time.

    Interactions

  • Some medicines may affect the way it works or Phenytoin itself may reduce the efficacy of other medicines taken at the same time. Especially if you are taking medicines to treat blood pressure, heart failure, high cholesterol, blood thinners, anti-infections, anti-diabetics, anti-asthmatics, pain killers, immunomodulatory medicines, contraceptives, or medicines for brain disorders.
  • Overdose

  • If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, seek medical advice. Do not take more.
  • Missed Dose

  • It's important to take and dose exactly when it's supposed to be taken. If you forget to take any of the doses, do so as soon as you recall. If the next dose is coming, skip the forgotten dose. Take the next pill.
  • Storage

  • Store this medicine far away from light, heat, and moisture and keep it at room temperature. It should be kept out of reach of kids. Unless directed, don’t flush or spill drugs down the toilet or into the drainage system. When the medication has expired or is no longer required, properly dispose of it.
  • Eptoin vs Levipil

    Eptoin
    Levipil
    Eptoin Tablet is a prescription epilepsy medication Levipil 500 Tablet is an anti-epileptic drug
    This medicine is used to treat tonic-clonic (grand mal) and psychomotor (temporal lobe) seizures (a brain disorder characterized by uncontrolled jerking movements and loss of consciousness). Levipil tablet is used to treat a variety of epileptic seizures, including partial seizures or focal seizures
    It is also used to control and/or prevent seizures that may occur during or after brain surgery or severe head injury. Levipil tablet binds a protein involved in the processing of neurotransmitters, slowing irregular nerve cell activity.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Eptoin Tablet is a prescription drug used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). It controls seizures by reducing abnormal and excessive nerve cell activity in the brain.
    Take this medicine at the dose and duration recommended by your doctor. Swallow it down as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it down. Eptoin Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is best to take it at a fixed time.
    Keep taking this medicine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking this without talking to your doctor, even if you experience side effects such as unusual behavior or mood changes. If you suddenly stop taking phenytoin, your seizures may get worse. Your doctor will probably reduce your dose gradually.
    Eptoin is best used for partial seizures. It is generally not effective against generalized-onset absence seizures or childhood spasms. Phenytoin has limited value in clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures and in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The tonic-clonic component of the syndrome may be controlled.
    On average, Eptoin Tablet can stay in your system for 5-6 days. The duration varies from person to person. In some cases, it may take about 9-10 days to stay.
    Suddenly stopping Eptoin Tablet may cause non-stop seizures (called epileptic status) that could endanger life. Do not stop taking the medicine without talking to your doctor. Your doctor will reduce the dose slowly, if necessary, before stopping it completely.
    You should not take Eptoin Tablet if you have liver disease, especially if you have a history of developing a liver problem with Eptoin Tablet. Also, patients taking Delavirdine (a medicine used to treat HIV infection) should not take Eptoin Tablet. Eptoin tablets may reduce the efficacy of Delavirdine in HIV, and the virus may also become resistant to Delavirdine. It is advised that you tell your doctor if you have any existing heart problems before you receive the Eptoin Tablet.
    Eptoin Tablet can be used with ibuprofen. No drug interactions between the two have been reported. However, there may be interactions. Before taking the two medicines together, please consult your doctor.
    Eptoin Tablet was not reported to cause weight gain. However, weight loss may occur with the longer-term use of a higher dose of Eptoin Tablet. Consult your doctor if you experience weight gain after taking an Eptoin Tablet.
    Eptoin tablets may make you feel sleepy (sedation, somnolence, and drowsiness). Consult your doctor if you feel very sleepy after taking an Eptoin Tablet, especially during the first few weeks of treatment or after increasing your dose. Talk to your doctor as you may be advised not to drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not effective.
    Eptoin Tablet has an effect on birth control. Eptoin tablets may decrease the effect of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) which may make the contraceptive effect (birth control) unreliable. Please talk to your doctor if you are asked to take the two medicines together, as you may need extra protection for birth control.

    Citations:

  • Eptoin, http://www.jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/2376
  • Eptoin side effects , https://journals.lww.com/drug-monitoring/Abstract/2003/04000/A_Randomized,_Crossover,_Assessor_Blind_Study_of.12.aspx