Bacteria can attack a bone in a variety of ways, such as:
Osteoporosis: You may acquire the bone-thinning condition osteoporosis, which can result in bone fractures, spinal column curvature, and height loss if your bones continue to release calcium into your blood.
Kidney stones: Your kidneys may develop crystals if the amount of calcium in your urine is too high. Kidney stones may eventually form when the crystals mix over time. A stone can be very unpleasant to pass.
Renal failure: Your kidneys may become damaged by severe hypercalcemia, reducing their capacity to purge the blood and eliminate fluid.
Severe hypercalcemia can cause coma, dementia, and other potentially lethal symptoms like disorientation.
Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
Diagnosis and treatment
You might not be aware that you have hypercalcemia until normal blood tests show a high level of blood calcium because the condition causes few signs or symptoms. Blood testing can also reveal whether you have hyperparathyroidism if your parathyroid hormone level is high.
Your doctor could advise imaging studies of your bones or lungs to ascertain whether the cause of your hypercalcemia is a condition like cancer or sarcoidosis.
If your hypercalcemia is minor, you and your doctor may decide to wait it out while keeping an eye on your bones and kidneys to ensure they stay in good shape.
Your doctor can suggest drugs or therapy for the underlying condition. This may include surgery for more severe cases of hypercalcemia..
In some circumstances, your doctor might advise:
This fish hormone regulates the amount of calcium in the blood. One adverse effect can be mild nausea.
Drugs of this kind can assist in regulating hyperactive parathyroid glands. Cinacalcet has been given the go-ahead to treat hypercalcemia.
Treatment for hypercalcemia brought on by cancer frequently involves intravenous osteoporosis medications, which can swiftly reduce calcium levels. Risks of this treatment include jaw breakdown and certain forms of thigh fractures.
People with cancer-related hypercalcemia who don't respond well to bisphosphonates are frequently treated with this medication.
Short-term use of steroid medications like prednisone is typically beneficial if your hypercalcemia is brought on by high amounts of vitamin D..
Diuretics and IV fluids
A medical emergency could result from abnormally high calcium levels. You could require hospitalisation for IV fluid and diuretic therapy to quickly lower the calcium level and stop heart rhythm issues or nervous system damage.
Surgical and other procedures
Surgery to remove the problematic tissue can frequently alleviate issues caused by hyperactive parathyroid glands. One of the four parathyroid glands is frequently impacted. An injection of a modest quantity of radioactive material is used in a specialized scanning test to identify the gland or glands that aren't functioning properly.
Lifestyle changes and self-care
Making some lifestyle changes can support healthy bones and appropriate calcium levels. These consist of
- Getting enough water to stay hydrated can help prevent kidney stones and lower blood calcium levels.
- Smoking might speed up the loss of bone. Quitting will lessen your risk of developing cancer and other diseases in addition to enhancing the quality of your bones.
- Exercising regularly can help, particularly resistance training as it encourages bone health and strength.
- Adhering to prescription drugs and supplement guidelines may reduce the chances of consuming too much vitamin D and developing hypercalcemia.
Dos and Don’ts
A person with Hypercalcemia must follow the below-mentioned do’s and don’ts to manage related symptoms and infections.
|Exercise and stay active||Limit the salt intake|
|Follow your doctor’s medical prescription||Self medicate for symptoms|
|Drink a lot of water||Stop taking medications suddenly|
|Consult with your doctor before taking any medications||Take antacids that contain calcium|
|Avoid dairy products with added calcium||Forget to seek medical assistance if your condition doesn’t improve|
Precautions and self-care will help you fight this condition positively and improve your quality of life.
Hypercalcemia Care at Medicover Hospitals
At Medicover Hospitals, we have the most trusted team of doctors and medical experts who are experienced in providing excellent healthcare services to patients with compassion and care. Our diagnostic department is equipped with modern technology and equipment to conduct the tests required for the diagnosis of Hypercalcemia based on which a dedicated treatment plan is designed. We have an excellent team of Endocrinologists who diagnose and treat this condition with utmost precision and bring successful treatment outcomes.