By Dr Kuntilla Amulya
Consultant General Physician
Published on 01/09/2022
Water-borne illness gets added to monsoon diaries; one of these is typhoid fever.
A typhoid fever can spread throughout the body and harm the organs. Typhoid is a severe condition; it Causes infection that can make people shiver and cause diarrhea. You must get immunized with the typhoid vaccine, especially if you are traveling to nations with typhoid fever being a common disease, as it can even be fatal. There are two types of typhoid vaccinations, both of which can shield you from the illness. Let's clarify some frequently asked questions about typhoid fever!
What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever is a severe illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. The bacterium spreads through infected food, drink, or water. If someone consumes contaminated food or water, it can make a person sick.
The common typhoid symptoms include:
Let’s understand; How can typhoid fever be prevented?
Typhoid fever can be prevented and controlled by consuming safe drinking water, maintaining good sanitation, and adequate medical care.Unfortunately, these may be difficult to attain in many areas. As a result, some specialists believe that typhoid vaccines are the most effective way to control typhoid fever.
This disease is common in underdeveloped areas with poor sanitization. Individuals traveling to high-risk places should get a typhoid vaccine.
Let’s have complete knowledge of typhoid vaccination!
What is the use of the typhoid vaccine?
Typhoid vaccination helps in the prevention of the infection. Internationally, two vaccinations are available. One is a live, attenuated vaccine taken orally, while the other is an inactivated vaccine administered as a shot. Both vaccines induce the body to produce antibodies that help to fight typhoid germs or bacteria. These antibodies can protect a person from illness if you become infected with the bacteria. However, it is necessary to understand that not everyone who receives the vaccine is totally disease protected.
Most individuals who frequently travel, particularly to locations with Poor sanitation, must be immunized against the illness, as typhoid fever can be frequent in these areas.
Other preventive ways for typhoid fever
As the vaccine will not give complete protection from typhoid fever, follow these guidelines to stay healthy and prevent the disease.
Wash your hands:Hand washing in warm, soapy water is the most effective measure to prevent the infection. Before preparing or eating food and after using the restroom, wash your hands or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Avoid drinking unclean water:Drinking water contamination is a severe issue in locations where typhoid fever is common. As a result, only drink boiled, bottled, or canned water. Bottled water that has been carbonated is safer than bottled water that has not been carbonated.
Choose hot foods:Food stored or served at room temperature should be avoided. The best foods are steaming hot. And while there's no guarantee that meals served in the finest restaurants or even street foods are safe, eating home-cooked hot food is the best idea to prevent infections.
If typhoid is not treated properly, it can become fatal!
Antibiotics and fluids are part of typhoid treatment. Take the antibiotics as directed by the doctor, and finish the entire prescription.