- Typhoid Fever
- Signs & Symptoms
- How Is Typhoid Fever Spread?
- Tests And Diagnosis
- Foods To Eat
- Foods to Avoid
- Frequently Asked Questions
- High fever
- stomach pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
What Is Typhoid Fever?
How Can You Know If You Have Typhoid Fever?
- High fever (103º - 104ºF)
- Stomach pain
- Diarrhea or constipation (very common)
- Loss of appetite and severe weight loss.
- Rash with flat pink spots in pale-skinned people.
- Some people do not show any signs or symptoms and are called carriers.
How Is Typhoid Fever Spread?
How Can Typhoid Fever Be Treated?
- Fluid replacement for fever and diarrhea
- Small, frequent and high calorie (energy) meals
- Blood replacement if there is bleeding in the stool (feces).
How Can You Protect Yourself From Typhoid Fever?
- Wash your hands with soap FIRST for at least 20 seconds.
- Buy bottled water, but if you use tap water, let it boil for 1 minute before drinking. Bottled sparkling water is safer than still water.
- Order drinks without ice unless the ice is made from bottled or boiled water. Avoid popsicles and flavored ice creams that may have been made with contaminated water.
- Eat foods that are well cooked and that are still hot and steaming.
- Avoid raw fruits and vegetables that can't be peeled. Vegetables like lettuce are easily contaminated and very difficult to wash well.
- Fruits and vegetables that can be peeled are safer than those that cannot be peeled. Peel them yourself and don't eat the peels.
- Avoid food and drink from street vendors. It is difficult to keep clean food on the street, and many travelers get sick from food bought from street vendors.
- Remember this tip when traveling to avoid typhoid fever: "Boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it
Typhoid Fever Tests And Diagnosis
- Kidney failure
- Severe gastrointestinal bleeding
- Intestinal perforation
- Ensuring proper hygiene and sanitation will definitely protect you against typhoid bacteria infection.
- Persistent hand washing to keep bacteria at bay.
- Careful food preparation as bacteria is spread by feces that come into contact with drinking water and food.
- Eat hot and fresh food as high temperatures make it difficult for bacteria to grow.
- Avoid eating raw vegetables and fruits and also drinking contaminated or untreated water.
- Keep all your household items (especially the kitchen) properly cleaned and sanitized.
- In case you travel to any part of the world that puts you at high risk for typhoid fever, vaccination is the best option available.
What Should I Eat During Typhoid Fever?
Progressive Diet Plan During Typhoid
- Drink fluids in the form of tender coconut water, barley water, electrolyte fortified water, fresh fruit juice, vegetable soup, buttermilk, and water until body temperature return to normal.
- To start, eat a liquid diet for a few days and then gradually eat fruits such as bananas, melons, watermelons, grapes, peaches, and apricots. It is best to avoid solid foods unless the person is very hungry.
- As the person's appetite improves, semisolid food should be given during typhoid fever. You can give boiled rice, baked potato, boiled or poached eggs, baked apple, yogurt, vegetable soup.
- You can eat fruits, boiled vegetables, and unprocessed meals like unpolished rice and white bread once you've recovered from typhoid fever.
- A typhoid fever recovery diet plan should include yogurt and eggs, as they are easier to digest than meat and provide adequate protein. For vegetarians, lentils, legumes, and cottage cheese meet protein needs.
Foods To Avoid During Typhoid
- Avoid foods rich in fiber during typhoid fever: the intake of whole grains and their products, such as oatmeal, whole wheat bread, and raw vegetables in the form of salads, are rich in fiber. It can increase the stress on your digestive system.
- Avoid vegetables like cabbage, bell peppers, and turnips, as they can cause bloating and gas during typhoid fever.
- Stay away from fatty foods, spices, and condiments such as cayenne, cayenne, and chili powder to ensure that the digestive tract does not become more inflamed.
Diet Tips During Typhoid Fever
- Drink boiled water and keep your body hydrated when affected by typhoid fever.
- Consume 3 to 4 liters of liquids in the form of water, fruit juices, tender coconut water, and soup.
- Eat small, frequent meals instead of large meals to facilitate digestion and for maximum use of nutrients by the body.
- Try not to include spices as much as possible until typhoid recovers.
- Slowly introduce protein into your diet in the form of eggs, yogurt, and boiled fish; depending on your tolerance level, increase the serving size.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Typhoid fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacterium.
Most healthy adults get better on their own, but some untreated people may have a fever for weeks or months. Typhoid fever is frequently treated with antibiotics.
Yes, typhoid fever is dangerous but curable. Antibiotics that destroy Salmonella bacteria are used to treat typhoid fever. The death rate was 20% before the introduction of antibiotics. An overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal hemorrhage, or intestinal perforation were the causes of death.