By Medicover Hospitals / 16 September 2021

Home | Articles | Nose, Ear and Throat Problems

Article Context:

  1. Overview
  2. Ear Infections
  3. Tonsillitis
  4. Nose Infection
  5. Sinusitis
  6. Nosebleeds
  7. FAQs

Overview

  • There are various types of ear, nose, and throat disorders and a wide range of symptoms. The following is a list of the four most frequent ENT conditions. Not everyone will have the same set of symptoms, nor will they be as severe. In some circumstances, a doctor or an ENT expert will be required to establish the proper diagnosis and provide the necessary treatment. Like any other area of your body, your ears, nose, and throat can be affected by a variety of issues. These concerns can be harmful to your health, ranging from sleeping troubles to swallowing difficulties. Some problems are difficult to diagnose on your own, which is why an ENT doctor should be consulted. They can correctly identify your health problem and guide you toward healing.
  • Ear Infections

  • The most frequent ENT ailment that a doctor will diagnose and treat is an ear infection. Although ear infections are more common in young children, they can affect adults of all ages. One of the most classic ear infection symptoms is ear pain, discharge, muffled, low voice while hearing, and red or inflamed ear. Ear pain, discharge, muffled or impaired hearing and a red, inflamed ear are all common indications of an ear infection. If you have an earache, you should see your otolaryngologist as soon as possible. If an ear infection is not treated, it might lead to serious long-term consequences. Some of the common symptoms of ear infection are:
    • Ear pain
    • Fever
    • Irritation
    • Sleeping issues

    Tonsillitis

  • Tonsillitis is the most common cause of inflammation in the throat. Your tonsils are placed in the rear of your throat and have two oval forms. Tonsillitis is a common ailment in children caused by a bacterial infection. If people continue to get bacterial infections, they may need to have their tonsils removed, which is known as a tonsillectomy. If a person has recurrent sore throats or other tonsillitis symptoms, surgery may be required. If you don't get rid of them, you can end up with more serious problems in the future. Some of the symptoms of tonsillitis are:
    • Sore throat
    • Swollen tonsils
    • Issue while swallowing
    • White or yellow coating while swallowing
    • Foul breath
    • Fever

    Nose Infections

  • The nose, like the ear, is divided into sections. It is divided vertically by the septum (one external nostril on each side), but it is also divided into front and back sections. The anterior, which is formed of cartilage, is the visible part of the nose; the posterior, which leads into the throat, is made of bone. The sinuses are air-filled pockets that surround the nose and can cause pain if they become mucus-filled or inflamed. The frontal sinuses, maxillary sinuses, ethmoid sinuses, and sphenoid sinuses are the four sinus cavities.
  • Sinusitis

  • When a germ multiplies in the four hollow recesses of the skull that surround your eyes and nose, sinusitis develops. Inflammation, pressure, and pain can result if the infection becomes trapped. Because acute sinusitis is frequently caused by a common cold, sinusitis is more common in the winter. Chronic sinusitis, defined as symptoms that last more than 12 weeks, might be caused by an untreated allergy or a chronic illness like bronchial asthma. Some of the common symptoms of Sinusitis are:
    • Headache
    • Cough
    • Nasal Discharge
    • Congestion
    • Fever
    • Fatigue
    • Toothache

    Nosebleeds

  • Nosebleeds can be caused by a variety of factors, including dry air, allergies, colds, migraine headaches, and cocaine usage. Blood clotting issues or being on blood-thinning medication can also cause nosebleeds. Sit and lean forward slightly to stop a nosebleed. Keep your head above your heart to slow the bleeding and allow the blood to exit through your nose rather than your throat. Squeeze the soft part of your nose, between the tip and the bridge, with your index and thumb until the bleeding stops. If the bleeding does not cease, get medical treatment.
  • Other Problems of ENT

    Allergies

  • Allergies affect a large number of people, and there are many distinct forms of allergies. Medication, pollen, food, mold, dust, pets, and insects are all sources of allergies. These sources can cause a variety of symptoms and are potentially harmful. Many allergies can result in long-term issues with your ears, nose, and throat. Allergies can cause any of the following symptoms:
    • Coughing
    • Runny or stuffy nose
    • Sneezing
    • Headache
    • Shortness
    • Fever

    Sleep Apnea

  • Sleep apnea is a serious and potentially fatal sleep disorder in which a person stops breathing repeatedly while sleeping. Hundreds of breathing cessations might occur in a single evening for some persons. Those who suffer from sleep apnea wake up fatigued (even if they received adequate sleep) and may find it difficult to get through the day.
  • Book an appointment with our Best ENT


    Frequently Asked Questions:

    • Ear infection can cause earache, hearing loss, and balance problems
    • Nose infection will likely cause runny or blocked nose and sneezing
    • Throat infection will cause sore and scratchy throat pain

    They have comparable anatomy and mucous membrane linings, so an infection, an allergy, or another disease that affects one of them (ranging from ear pressure pain and strep throat to sinus problems and continuous phlegm in the throat) may also affect the others.

    • Heartburn
    • Laryngeal cancer
    • Salivary gland disease and disorders
    • Sore throat
    • Strep throat
    • Swallowing disorders

    Though the adjustment is felt in your ears, the procedure is also felt in your nose and throat, as they share the same set of mucous membranes.