Jaundice: Liver Health & Expert Care at Medicover Hospital

Jaundice is a common medical condition that affects people of all ages. The condition is marked by the yellowing of the skin and eyes caused by the buildup of bilirubin, a yellow pigment generated when red blood cells are broken down. In this blog, we'll delve into the age groups more prone to jaundice, discuss whether it is a waterborne or airborne disease, explore its impact on the body's organs, particularly the liver, and shed light on liver diseases caused by jaundice. Additionally, we'll guide you on which doctor to consult and recommend a reputed specialist at Medicover for expert consultation.

Age Group Prone to Jaundice : Jaundice may impact people of any age, but it is more common in children, the elder people, and people with weakened immune systems. Newborns often experience jaundice due to an immature liver function, while the elderly might develop it due to age-related changes in liver metabolism.

Waterborne or Airborne Disease?

Jaundice is not directly transmitted through water or air. It is primarily caused by underlying conditions such as hepatitis infections, alcohol abuse, liver diseases, or blocked bile ducts. These conditions lead to an increase in bilirubin levels, causing the characteristic yellowing of the skin and eyes.

Effects on Body Organs : The liver plays a crucial role in breaking down bilirubin and eliminating it from the body. When the liver is unable to process bilirubin efficiently, it accumulates and causes jaundice. This condition not only affects the liver but can also impact other organs like the pancreas and gallbladder, as they are closely interconnected.

Liver Diseases Caused by Jaundice : Jaundice is often a symptom of an underlying liver disorder. Some common liver diseases that can lead to jaundice include:

  • Hepatitis : Inflammation of the liver due to viral infections (Hepatitis A, B, C, etc.).
  • Cirrhosis : Scarring of the liver tissue, often caused by long-term alcohol abuse or chronic hepatitis.
  • Bile Duct Obstruction : Blockage in the bile ducts can prevent the proper flow of bile, leading to jaundice.
  • Gilbert's Syndrome : A genetic disorder affecting bilirubin processing, leading to intermittent jaundice.

Consulting the Right Doctor : If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of jaundice, it's essential to consult a medical professional. A gastroenterologist or hepatologist is the specialist to approach, as they have expertise in diagnosing and treating liver-related conditions.

Specialized Doctors for Jaundice Treatment Based on Age Groups

The type of doctor you should consult depends on the age group of the individual experiencing jaundice:

  • Newborns : Newborns are particularly susceptible to jaundice due to their immature liver function. In many cases, newborn jaundice is a normal physiological response, but it's essential to monitor and manage it. Consult a Pediatrician or a Neonatologist for proper assessment and guidance. They can determine whether the jaundice is physiological or requires further evaluation and treatment.
  • Children and Adolescents : For children and adolescents experiencing jaundice, it's advisable to consult a Pediatric Gastroenterologist. These specialists are trained to diagnose and treat various gastrointestinal and liver disorders in children. They can determine the underlying cause of jaundice and develop a suitable treatment plan.
  • Adults : In adults, especially young and middle-aged individuals, a Gastroenterologist should be consulted. Gastroenterologists specialize in diagnosing and treating disorders of the digestive system, including the liver. They can identify the cause of jaundice and recommend appropriate treatments or further investigations.
  • Elderly : Age-related changes in liver function and underlying health issues are just a few of the causes of jaundice in older people. For the elderly, it's best to consult a Geriatrician or a Gastroenterologist with expertise in geriatric care. These specialists understand the unique medical needs of older adults and can provide tailored treatment recommendations.
  • Pregnant Women : Pregnant women experiencing jaundice should consult an Obstetrician or a Maternal-Fetal Medicine Specialist. Pregnancy jaundice can be caused by conditions such as acute fatty liver or intrahepatic cholestasis.These specialists can manage the condition while considering the health of both the mother and the baby.
  • All Age Groups - Hepatologist : In cases where jaundice is caused by underlying liver diseases, consulting a Hepatologist is recommended regardless of age. Hepatologists are specialized gastroenterologists who focus specifically on diagnosing and treating liver-related conditions. They have in-depth knowledge of liver diseases and can provide comprehensive care.
  • Keep in mind that seeking prompt advice from the right medical expert is essential for precise identification and successful treatment of jaundice.Suppose you need help deciding which specialist to consult. In that case, your primary care physician can guide you to the right medical professional based on the age group and specific circumstances of the individual experiencing jaundice.

Expert Consultation at Medicover : For those seeking expert consultation, Medicover is a renowned healthcare provider with a team of experienced specialists. We have Specialized doctors with extensive experience in diagnosing and treating various liver diseases, including jaundice. Her patient-centric approach and dedication to delivering comprehensive care make her an ideal choice for consultation.


Jaundice might manifest as a seemingly simple condition with visible symptoms, but it often indicates underlying health issues that require attention. By understanding the age groups at risk, the non-waterborne or airborne nature of the disease, its effects on the body's organs, and the potential liver diseases it can trigger, you'll be better equipped to seek timely medical help. Your health is a priority, and seeking the right medical attention can lead to a quicker and smoother recovery.

Age Group Prone to Jaundice : Jaundice may impact people of any age, but it is more common in children, the elder people, and people with weakened immune systems. Newborns often experience jaundice due to an immature liver function, while the elderly might develop it due to age-related changes in liver metabolism.

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