Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is a specialized medical facility within a hospital that provides critical care and intensive medical treatment to infants, children, and adolescents who are seriously ill or injured. The PICU is staffed by a highly skilled and experienced multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including pediatric intensivists, pediatric nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and other specialists. The unit is designed to offer round-the-clock monitoring, life support, and specialized medical interventions to stabilize and treat critically ill pediatric patients.

Children admitted to the PICU may have severe medical conditions such as respiratory failure, sepsis, cardiac issues, neurological disorders, severe infections, trauma, and post-surgical complications. The primary goal of the PICU is to provide the highest level of medical care, support organ function, and promote recovery to give these young patients the best chance of survival and a successful return to health.

Conditions Treated in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

In a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), children who require heart, liver, kidney, intestine, or bone marrow transplants receive specialized care. The PICU also provides intensive care support for children recovering from surgery or facing a broad range of critical health conditions. These may include:

  • Acute kidney or liver failure
  • Brain tumors
  • Breathing or lung problems
  • Cancer and blood disorders
  • Craniofacial conditions
  • Diabetes and other metabolic problems
  • Epilepsy and other nervous system conditions
  • Genetic and chromosomal conditions
  • Immune system and rheumatic conditions
  • Infections, such as bacterial meningitis or sepsis
  • Intoxication or overdose
  • Near-drowning
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Sleep apnea and other sleep problems
Diagnostic Tests in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests are essential in the PICU to assess various aspects of a child's health, including complete blood counts (CBC), blood chemistries, electrolyte levels, coagulation profiles, and blood gas analysis. These tests help monitor organ function, detect infections, and guide treatment decisions.
  • Imaging Studies: Radiological imaging, such as X-rays, ultrasounds, and computed tomography (CT) scans, are commonly used in the PICU to evaluate injuries, infections, and structural abnormalities. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may also be utilized to examine soft tissues and neurological conditions.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): ECG is performed to monitor the heart's electrical activity and detect any abnormal heart rhythms or signs of cardiac stress.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG): EEG is used to assess brain activity and detect abnormalities in patients with seizures or neurological conditions.
  • Respiratory Function Tests: Various tests, including pulse oximetry, capnography, and peak flow measurements, are performed to monitor and evaluate respiratory function and oxygenation.
  • Hemodynamic Monitoring: Invasive monitoring techniques, such as central venous catheterization and arterial lines, may be used to assess blood pressure, fluid status, and cardiac function in critically ill patients.
Procedures in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
  • Mechanical Ventilation: In children with respiratory failure or the inability to breathe adequately, mechanical ventilation provides life-sustaining support to the lungs.
  • Central Line Placement: Central venous catheters are inserted into larger veins to provide access for administering medications, fluids, and parenteral nutrition.
  • Arterial Line Placement: Arterial lines are inserted to monitor continuous blood pressure and obtain blood samples for critical analysis.
  • Chest Tube Insertion: Chest tubes are placed to drain fluid or air from the pleural space in conditions such as pneumothorax or pleural effusion.
  • Lumbar Puncture: A lumbar puncture may be performed to collect cerebrospinal fluid for analysis in cases of suspected central nervous system infections or neurological disorders.
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO): ECMO is a life-saving technique used in severe respiratory or cardiac failure to provide temporary mechanical support to the heart and lungs.
  • Dialysis: In cases of acute kidney injury or severe electrolyte imbalances, dialysis may be utilized to support kidney function.

The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit is a critical component of pediatric healthcare, providing specialized medical care, monitoring, and interventions to save the lives of critically ill children. The dedicated efforts of the PICU team contribute significantly to improving outcomes and ensuring the best possible care for these young patients during their most vulnerable times.

Our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Team

Medicover Hospitals' Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) boasts a team of exceptional specialists, led by the best and top pediatric intensivists in the field. With unwavering dedication and expertise, our PICU team provides intensive medical care for critically ill children, ensuring the highest level of attention and support. From experienced pediatric cardiologists and neurologists to skilled respiratory therapists and nurses, every member of our multidisciplinary team is committed to delivering personalized care tailored to each child's unique needs.

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Service at Medicover Hospitals

At Medicover Hospitals, our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) stands at the forefront of providing exceptional care for critically ill children. Our PICU is staffed with the best and top pediatric intensivists, alongside a highly skilled team of specialists, including pediatric cardiologists, neurologists, respiratory therapists, and dedicated nurses. With state-of-the-art facilities and advanced medical technology, we ensure the highest level of medical attention and support for every child admitted to our unit.

Our patient-centric approach places the well-being and recovery of each child at the heart of our care. We understand the emotional challenges faced by families during these difficult times and strive to provide compassionate support throughout the journey. At Medicover Hospitals, we are committed to making a significant difference in the lives of our young patients, ensuring that they receive the best possible care and the chance for a healthy and bright future.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are parents allowed to stay with their child in the PICU?

Explanation of the PICU's policies regarding parental presence and involvement in the care of their child.

2. How long do patients typically stay in the PICU?

Information about the average length of stay for patients in the PICU, which can vary depending on the severity of the condition and treatment response.

3. Is the PICU equipped to handle complex medical cases?

Assurance about the PICU's capabilities in managing complex medical cases, including surgical interventions and multi-organ support.

4. Why Choose Medicover Hospitals for PICU?

At Medicover Hospitals, our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is led by a team of experienced in-house Pediatric Intensivists available round-the-clock. Supported by full-time Pediatric sub-specialist consultants, advanced ventilation modalities, and organ support systems, our PICU delivers excellent outcomes for critically ill children and those with complex medical conditions.

5. What can be expected in the PICU?

In the PICU, expect specialized 24/7 care for critically ill children. Experienced Pediatric Intensivists, advanced support systems, and compassionate attention ensure the best outcomes for complex medical conditions.