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World Malaria Day is celebrated on 25 April of every year to create awareness among the people about the efforts made to make the world free of malaria. This year’s Theme “Zero malaria starts with me” indicates hope and focuses on increasing awareness and making it as a national priority to eliminate and prevent malaria.
World Malaria Day is a day that reflects on the harm malaria causes. Millions of people are at risk of malaria, which is often life-threatening and causes huge financial hardship. Malaria infection is largely a result of rural poverty. However, anyone can suffer from malaria, when exposed to the bite of infected mosquitoes.
What does “Zero malaria starts with me” means for the people in Affected areas?
Government Level: Political and financial responsibilities.
Communities Level: New prioritization of malaria prevention and care
Individual Level: Continuous effort to spread awareness among people to be a part of malaria prevention.
The year’s Strategy defines ambitious but achievable goals for 2030, which includes:
- To reduce the rate of new malaria cases by at least 90%
- To reduce malaria death rates by at least 90%
- To eliminate malaria in at least 35 countries
- To prevent the revival of malaria in all countries that are malaria-free
Malaria is caused by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. In India, the disease occurs throughout the year across the country. However, it is more prevalent during and after the rainy season due to mosquito breeding.
It is a leading cause of death not only in India but worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India contributes 77% of the total malaria cases in Southeast Asia. Most deaths occur in young children. The disease is a great drain on many national economies.
- Avoid mosquito Prone areas
- Taking anti-malarial drugs to kill the parasites
- Eliminate places around your home where mosquitoes breed
- Sleeping under bed nets
- Use mosquito repellent
- Cover up your skin as much as possible
- Fitting your home with wire mesh
For More Information
The symptoms of malaria may develop in 10 days to 4 weeks depending on the infection. Some malarial parasites may enter the body but will be inactive for long periods of time. Common Symptoms of Malaria are:
- Muscle Pain
- High Fever
- Abdominal Pain
Frequently Asked Questions:
- What is Malaria?
- Is there a malaria vaccine?
- Why pregnant women must take special precautions?
- What is the treatment for malaria?
- What are the prevention for Malaria?
- Which are the malaria high-risk areas in India?
What is Malaria?
Malaria is a fatal disease caused by a parasite which may transmit to a person through the bite of infected mosquitoes. When the mosquito bites you, the parasite enters your bloodstream and cause Malaria.
Is there a malaria vaccine?
There are no malaria vaccines approved for human use. However, precaution measures should be taken to prevent Malaria.
Why pregnant women must take special precautions?
Malaria in pregnant women can be more severe than in non-pregnant women. Malaria can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including prematurity, miscarriage, and stillbirth.
What is the treatment for malaria?
Malaria can be cured with prescription drugs. The drugs and length of treatment depend on which kind of malaria is diagnosed, where the patient was infected, the age of the patient, whether the patient is pregnant, and how severely ill the patient is at start of treatment.
What is the prevention of Malaria?
According to WHO, Vector control is the main way to prevent and reduce malaria transmission. There are two forms of vector control, one is insecticide-treated mosquito nets, and another one is indoor residual spraying.
Which are the malaria high-risk areas in India?
No area in the country is safe for malaria except places at an altitude above 2000-2500 meters. The states of Orissa, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Gujarat & North-Eastern states (except Sikkim) are high-risk states for malaria.