Osteoarthritis of the Knee:-
Age is the major risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee, young people can get it, too. For some of the individuals, it may be hereditary. Osteoarthritis of the knee can also results from injury or infection or even from being overweight.
What Is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis, are commonly known as wear and tear arthritis, it is a condition in which the natural cushioning between the joints cartilage wears away. When it happens, the bones of the joints rub more closely against to one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage. Major rubbing results in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased ability to move and, sometimes it will be formation of bone spurs.
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Who Gets Osteoarthritis of the Knee?
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It can also occur even in young people, the chance of developing osteoarthritis rises after age 45.
What Causes Knee Osteoarthritis?
Mostly,the common cause of osteoarthritis of the knee is age. Several factors will increase the risk of developing significant arthritis at an earlier age.
- Repetitive stress injuries
- Other illnesses
What Are the Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis?
Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee may include:
- Pain that increases when you are active, but gets a little better with rest
- Feeling of warmth in the joint
- Stiffness in the knee, especially in the morning or when you have been sitting for a while.
- Decrease in mobility of the knee, might it may be difficult to get in and out of chairs or cars, use the stairs, or walk.
- Creaking, crackly sound that is heard when the knee moves.
How Is Osteoarthritis of the Knee Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis will begin with a physical exam by the doctor. Doctor will also take the medical history and will note the symptoms. Doctor may order additional testing, which are as follows:
- X-rays, which can show bone and cartilage damage as well as the presence of bone spurs
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
How Is Osteoarthritis of the Knee Treated?
The primary treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee are to relieve the pain and return mobility. The treatment plan will typically include a combination of the following:
- Weight loss
- Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs
- Injections of corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid into the knee
- Alternative therapies
- Using devices such as braces
- Physical and occupational therapy.