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West Nile Virus: Everything You Need To Know

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus is a Vector-borne disease carried by infected Culex Mosquitoes. The mosquitoes pick up the virus from infected birds and transfer it to humans and animals. Symptoms of West Nile Virus include cold, fever, headache, body ache, fatigue, and nausea. West Nile Virus may cause brain inflammation in some infected people, and it does not have a specific treatment or vaccine. However, experts suggest that there is no single cause which results in death in patients with the virus.
West Nile Virus is rare in India. Virologists have found that sporadic cases of West Nile Virus across different states in recent years. In 2019, three cases of the West Nile Virus was reported and all of them are from Kerala.

What is West Nile Virus:

West Nile infection (West Nile Virus) is an irresistible disease spread by infected mosquitoes. It spreads from birds to people with the bite of a contaminated Culex mosquito.

How do People get West Nile Virus:

Culex Mosqutio
Image: environmentalscience.bayer.in

People get West Nile Virus when mosquito (mainly Culex Mosquito) bites the person which is infected with West Nile Virus.
History of West Nile Virus:
West Nile encephalitis is a disease of the brain that is brought about by a virus known as the West Nile Virus. First distinguished in Uganda in 1937, the infection is regularly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East. West Nile infection contamination has now been accounted for in all U.S. states with the exception of Alaska. “Encephalitis” signifies inflammation of the brain. The most well-known reasons for encephalitis are viral and bacterial diseases, including viral contaminations transmitted by mosquitoes.

Is WNS Contagious:

The West Nile infection isn’t infectious. It can’t be transmitted from individual to individual. An individual can’t get the infection, for instance, from contacting or kissing an individual who has the sickness or from a health care worker who has treated somebody with the illness.
Also, there is no proof that an individual can get the infection from taking care of living or dead infected birds. In any case, keeping away from skin contact when dealing with dead creatures, including dead birds, is prescribed. Gloves ought to be utilized to remove and discard remains.

Symptoms of West Nile Virus:

About 80% of those contaminated with West Nile Virus demonstrate no indications and go unreported. About 20% of infected individuals create side effects. These fluctuate in seriousness and start around 3-14 days in the wake of being bitten. The vast majority with mellow manifestations of West Nile Virus recuperate totally, however, fatigue and weakness may keep going for a considerable length of time or months.
These side effects may run from mild indications like fever to extreme side effects, for example, paralysis and meningitis. Serious contamination can last weeks and potentially may cause severe brain damage. Death may happen if the central sensory system is influenced by a serious illness. Some of the symptoms are listed here.

  • Headache

  • Body Aches

  • Swollen Lymph Glands

  • Skin Rash

  • Fever

Preventive Measures For West Nile Virus:

  • Avoid Mosquito bites
  • Use insect repellents
  • Wear long sleeves shirts and full pants from morning to night. Because at these times, mosquitoes will be more active
  • Attach meshes to your windows which stops mosquitoes to enter into the home
  • Don’t allow water to be stagnant in buckets around your house. Water stagnates are the best place for the mosquitoes to stay.
  • Use mosquito tents to cover your bed. So that, mosquitoes cannot bite while you are in sleep.

Treatment for West Nile Virus:

Till now there are no specific vaccines for West Nile Virus. As this is caused when West Nile Virus infected mosquito bites the humans, the best to avoid this is preventing mosquito bites. When you are suffering from any of the above symptoms, immediately visit the hospital for further treatment. There is a treatment for the patients who are having neuro-invasive West Nile virus. They need to be hospitalized, give fluids, respiratory support and to take care of them from other infections.

At MaxCure, Department of Internal Medicine is one of the premier departments; bringing together an elite cadre of clinicians, investigators, and educators. We provide not only therapeutic care but also preventive care and lifestyle modification counseling.

Author:

Dr. Rahul Agrawal

  • MD (General Medicine)
  • Sr. Consultant General Physician and Diabetologist
  • 16 Years of Experience
  • Medical Registration: 65830
  •   Mon – Sat: 10 AM – 4 PM*
  •   Hitech city, Madhapur

   

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