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Viral Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention


    Viral fever is most common during monsoons. Due to lack of awareness, viral fever often remains undiagnosed until they progress to the later stages. Besides this, the habit of self-medication with antibiotics to bring down the raised body temperature increases the risk of complications. Hence, early diagnosis of viral fever is crucial. Understanding more about viral fever helps diagnose them at the earliest.

    What is Viral Fever?

    Viral fever is referred to as acute viral infections that occur due to the seasonal changes and infection in the environment. They are generally characterized by a rise in normal body temperature. Viral fever is common among almost all age groups during monsoon.

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    Symptoms of Viral Fever:

    People with viral fever may experience:

    • → Muscle and joint pains ever that occurs at regular intervals
    • Headache
    • → Fatigue
    • → Sore throat
    • → Running nose
    • → high body temperature, up to 104 degrees
    • → Swelling in face
    • → Dehydration
    • → Occasional Chills
    • Eye redness
    • Skin rash

    Causes of Viral Fever:

    → Fever is nothing but a fight with foreign viruses in the body which increases the body temperature.

    → Viral fever can be transferred from one person to another like if a virally infected person had close body contact with a non-infected person will definitely infect the person. Viral fever can be transferred with sexual contacts also.

    → Consuming contaminated water is also the main cause of viral fever.Eating Un-hygiene food can also weaken your body and increase the causes of viral fever

    → Staying in contaminated areas or dirty areas will cause viral infections

    → Insects can carry different viruses and if they bite you or sites on your food will cause viral fevers like dengue and malaria.

    → Exchanging blood with the virally infected person will cause viral fever

    How to Diagnose Viral Fever?

    It is difficult to diagnose viral fever just by reviewing the symptoms. So, the doctor would prescribe some blood tests to rule out other conditions. These tests can detect the presence of any bacterial infection that might be responsible for the illness.
    In the case of viral fever, blood tests are also indicated to differentiate between the causative organisms. Based on the bacteria or virus present in the blood, the doctor will rule out the condition of the patient.

    How to Treat Viral Fever?

    The treatment of viral fever depends on the severity of the condition. In general, doctors prescribe medications to reduce the symptoms of viral fever and to bring down the level of fever. Self-medication can worsen the existing condition. So one should definitely consult a doctor for the treatment. Discontinuing the medication can cause the bacteria to become resistant to the drugs which don’t cure the viral fever completely. So, people with viral fever should complete their course of medication as suggested by their doctor.

    [ You May like to Read this: How To Stay Protected From Swine Flu? ]

    Do’s & Don’ts During Viral Fever:


    Take ample rest which will help the medicines to work and get back your immunity. Complete the course of medication to cure the infection of the root. Increase fluid intake to avoid dehydration in the body. Take lighter meals which can be easily digested.


    Self-medication should be strictly avoided. Taking medicines without proper knowledge and diagnosis worsens the existing condition. Do not share personal belongings like handkerchief and food with anyone else to reduce the chances of spread. Don’t take antibiotics unless prescribed by a doctor. The environment and temperature around the patient should remain normal. Patients shouldn’t bind up with heavy clothes or blankets even if they get chills.

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    Prevention of Viral Fever:

    We have been always said that “Prevention is better than cure”. So, here are some preventive measures that can keep the viral fever away. The main cause of viral fever is a viral infection. So it is important to maintain personal hygiene to avoid infections. Get annual vaccination against flu which helps immunity to fight against the viral infections. Wash hands frequently to stay protected from viruses. Viral growth is less in higher temperatures when compared to normal and moderate temperatures. So, try to consume food when it is warm. Sharing personal utilities can increase the chances of infection. So, avoid sharing your belongings with others. After a visit to the hospital, whether for a checkup or to meet a patient, change your clothes immediately and leave them to wash to avoid the chances of infections.


    Dr. Rahul Agrawal

    • MD (General Medicine)
    • Sr. Consultant General Physician and Diabetologist
    • 16 Years of Experience
    • Medical Registration: 65830
    •   Mon – Sat: 10 AM – 4 PM*
    •   Hitech city, Madhapur
    Diabetes Management   Health Checkup (General)   Vaccination/ Immunization