Most of us think that headaches are just an adult problem, but they are very common in children and teens. The types of headaches in children are same as adults do. Main reason behind the headaches in children is because of an illness, infection, fever, or cold. But other triggers include stress, anxiety, depression, change in sleep patterns, loud noises and some foods.
Types of Headaches:
Tension: These headaches are caused by the contracting of muscles around head and neck. The main cause of this type of headache is stress at school or home, arguments with parents or friends and depression.
Migraine: Migraine can make people dizzy. Often, migraine headaches are associated with nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances.
Psychogenic: These types of headaches are less common and similar to tension headaches. The main cause is an emotional problem such as depression. Signs of depression include low energy levels, loss of appetite or overeating, difficulty in thinking and concentrating and sleep disorders.
How Headaches Are Diagnosed In Children & Adolescents:
- → When the headache started and how long it lasted.
- → How often the headache occurs.
- → The range of severity (mild to very severe).
- → Cause of the headache such as certain situations, foods, medications or some physical activities.
- → Anything that helped it to go away.
- → Family history.
- → Where the pain is located.
Treatment of Headaches:
- → Applying a cold compressor to head.
- → Don’t skip meals, especially breakfast.
- → Seek rest in cool, quiet and comfortable location.
- → Avoiding activities which trigger headaches.
- → Practicing deep breathing exercises.