Headache Or Head Pain Symptoms: Causes, Types, Treatments and Home Remedies
By Medicover Hospitals / 28 March 2022
Headache is defined as pain caused in the head or upper part of the neck. The pain originates from the tissues and structures surrounding the skull or brain because the brain itself does not have nerves that give rise to pain sensation (pain fibers). The thin layer of tissue (periosteum) that surrounds the bones, the muscles that cover the skull, sinuses, eyes, and ears, as well as the thin tissues that cover the surface of the brain and spinal cord (meninges), the arteries, veins, and nerves, can all become inflamed or irritated and cause a headache. The pain can be dull, sharp, throbbing, constant, intermittent, mild, or severe.
Since there are different types of headaches, there are different methods also that can be used to diagnose the type of headache a person is experiencing. It is important to find out if the person has a primary or secondary headache in order to receive effective treatment. The headache diagnosis starts with a physical exam and a thorough medical history. But it also depends on:
Doctors can recommend different types of treatments. They may also suggest further tests for the headache treatment depending on many things, including the type of headache a person has, its frequency, and its cause. Some people do not need medical help at all. But those who do can receive medications, electronic medical devices, counseling, stress management, and biofeedback. The doctor will develop a treatment plan to meet the specific needs of the patients
Headache in the back of the head occurs when the scalp and neck muscles contract.
If the headache is severe with symptoms of weakness, loss of coordination, or confusion, one should see a doctor right away.
Usually, headaches can last from 30 minutes to a couple of hours depending on the cause.
Headache on the left side can be due to lack of sleep, head injury, or sinus infection. Migraine or a cluster headache are the most likely causes of left or right-sided headache.
No, cluster headaches can’t be cured permanently but the treatment can decrease the severity of pain, shorten the headache period, and prevent stroke.
The attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours if not treated on time.
Headache Or Head Pain
Types of Common HeadachesMany of us are familiar with some form of throbbing, uncomfortable, distracting pain from a headache. There are different types of headaches which include:
- Tension headache
- Cluster headache
- Migraine headache
- Hemicrania continua
- Ice pick headache
- Thunderclap headache
- Allergy or sinus headache
- Hormone headache
- Caffeine headache
- Exertion headache
- Hypertension headache
- Rebound headache
- Post-traumatic headache
- Spinal headache
Diagnosis of Head Pain
- Possible triggers
- MRI or CT scan
- Lumbar puncture
- Blood test
How is Head Pain Treated?
When to See a Doctor?Most headaches are not symptoms of any serious underlying disease. However, if a headache occurs after a head injury accompanied by symptoms, see a doctor right away. The symptoms are as follows:
- Numbness of the face
- speech disorders
- Weakness in an arm or leg