WHAT IS THE LINK? Most heart attacks do not lead to cardiac arrest. But when cardiac arrest occurs, heart attack is a common cause. Other conditions may also disrupt the heart’s rhythm and lead to cardiac arrest.
|WHAT IS CARDIAC ARREST?||WHAT IS A HEART ATTACK?|
|CARDIAC ARREST occurs when the heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpectedly. Cardiac arrest is triggered by an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia). With its pumping action disrupted, the heart cannot pump blood tom the brain, lungs and other organs. Cardiac arrest is an “ELECTRICAL” problem.||A HEART ATTACK occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. A blocked artery prevents oxygen-rich blood from reaching a section of the heart. If the blocked artery is not reopened quickly, the part of the heart normally nourished by tht artery begins to die. A heart attack is a “CIRCULATION” problem.|
|WHAT HAPPENS Seconds later, a person becomes unresponsive, is not breathing or is only gasping. Death occurs within minutes if the victim does not receive treatment. The heart attack symptoms in women can be different than men (Shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jam pain).||WHAT HAPPENS Symptoms of a heart attack may be immediate and may include intense discomfort in the chest or other areas of the upper body, shortness of breath, cold sweats, and/or nausea/vomiting. More often, though, symptoms start slowly and persist for hours, days or weeks before a heart attack. Unlike with cardiac arrest, the heart usually does not stop beating during a heart attack. The longer the person goes without treatment, the greater the damage.|
|WHAT TO DOCardiac arrest can be reversible insome victims if it’s treated within a few minutes. First, call 8008-555-777 and start CPR right away. Then, if an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is available to help, one should begin CPR immediately while the other calls 8008-555-777 and finds an AED.||WHAT TO DOEven if you’re not sure it’s a heart attack, call 8008-555-777 or your emergency response number. Every minute matters! It’s best to call EMS to get to the emergency room right away. Emergency medical services staff can begin treatment when they arrive-up to an hour sooner than if someone gets to the hospital by car. EMS staff are also trained to revive someone whose heart has stopped. Patient swith chest pain who arrive by ambulance usually receive faster treatment at the hospital, too.|