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Rheumatic Diseases

    What Are Rheumatic Diseases?

    Rheumatic diseases are characterized by the inflammation that affects by connecting or supporting the structures of the body most commonly in the joints, but also sometimes the tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Some rheumatic diseases even affect the organs.

    These diseases can cause loss of function in those body parts.

    Rheumatic diseases include arthritis, it means “joint inflammation” and itself encompasses more than 100 different disorders. Rheumatic diseases that primarily affect in the spine are considered as    spondyloarthropathies.

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    Types of Rheumatic Diseases:-

    Some of the most common rheumatic diseases include:
    • Osteoarthritis, is a type of arthritis,which primarily affects and destroys cartilage, the soft tissue that cushions the ends of bones within joints.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis, is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system may attacks the synovium, a soft tissue that lines the joints, leading to inflammation.
    • Fibromyalgia, a chronic condition marked by tender points and localized pain throughout the musculoskeletal system.
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus, or simply lupus, is an autoimmune disorder that which causes inflammation in numerous parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood, lungs, heart, and brain.
    • Psoriatic arthritis, is a type of arthritis, that affects the fingers and toes and is associated with the skin disease psoriasis.
    • Ankylosing spondylitis, the most common spondyloarthropathy, which may affect the hips, shoulders, and knees, in addition to the spine
    • Reactive arthritis, or Reiter’s syndrome, it is a spondlyoarthropathy which develops after an infection of the urinary tract, bowels, or other organs.
    • Scleroderma, or systemic sclerosis, is an autoimmune rheumatic disease leads to have thickening and tightening of the skin and inflammation and also scarring in various parts of the body, including the blood vessels, joints, and certain organs.
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica, will  cause pain and stiffness in tendons, muscles, ligaments, and tissues around joints

    Rheumatic Disease Causes and Risk Factors:-

    Rheumatic diseases are caused by a combination of genes and environmental factors. It has variants which increases the person’s susceptibility to rheumatic diseases, and the factors in the environment may trigger onset of the disease.

    For instance, it suggests the people with certain variations of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes which help control immune responses have an increased risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Disease may develop due to some kind of triggering event, such as hormonal spikes, infections from the bacteria or viruses or obesity.

    Similarly, an inherited cartilage weakness will combined with excessive joint stress may play a role in the development of osteoarthritis.

    Rheumatic Disease Symptoms :-

    The hallmark of these rheumatic diseases is inflammation.

    For arthritis, inflammation typically causes one or more symptoms in the joints, including:
    • Pain
    • Stiffness, especially in the morning
    • Swelling
    • Warmth and redness
    • Tenderness
    • Difficulty using the joint normally
    Rheumatic diseases may produce a wide variety of other symptoms, are as follows:
    • Fatigue
    • Eye inflammation or infections
    • Rashes and sores
    • Pain in the neck, spine, or back
    • Difficulty taking a deep breath
    • Muscle pain