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What are Rashes?

Rashes are abnormal changes in skin colour and texture. This results from the skin inflammation and has many causes. It can occur in a small part of the body or can also cover the large area in a body. These are found in various forms and some of the common causes include contact dermatitis, infections, and allergic reactions by the use of any medications.

Rashes have affected millions of people around the world and most of the rashes don’t need any particular treatment as this will clear up on their own. Some of them can be treated at home and the rashes which are serious should be shown to the Doctor.

An area of irritated and swollen skin can be called Rash. Many of the rashes are itchy, red, painful and irritating. Some of the rashes can lead to blisters and patches of raw skin.

Different types of rashes

Flea bites-Seen in lower legs and feet. -Itchy and red bump
Fifth Diseases-Headache, fatigue, fever, sore throat and runny nose -Round, bright red rash on cheeks
Rosacea-Chronic skin disease -Triggered by spicy foods and alcoholic beverages -Red bumps, facial redness, skin dryness and skin sensitivity
Impetigo-Found in babies and children -Can be found in mouth, chin and nose -Irritating rash and fluid-filled blisters
Contact dermatitisSkin becomes itchy, red, scaly and raw
Allergic eczema-Resemble a burn -Found in hands and forearms
Hand, food and mouth disease-Painful red blisters in the mouth
Diaper Rash-Skin looks red, wet and irritated
Ringworm-Circular shaped scaly rashes -Itchy
Eczema-Yellow or white scaly patches -Red, itchy, greasy and oily
Psoriasis-Scaly, silver and sharply skin patches -Itchy and asymptomatic
Chickenpox-Clusters of itchy, red, fluid-filled blisters -Fever, body aches and sore throat

What causes Rashes?

Contact Dermatitis

This is the most common cause of rashes. It occurs when the skin comes in direct contact with the foreign substance which causes an adverse reaction. Rashes can be itchy, red and inflamed. Some of the possible causes are:

  • Beauty products, soap and laundry detergent
  • Dyes in clothing
  • Contact with chemicals in rubber, elastic and latex
  • If a person gets in touch with poisonous plants like oak, ivy and sumac


Taking some of the medications can also cause rashes. This can be from:

  • Allergic reaction to any medication
  • Any side effect of medication
  • Photosensitivity to any medication

Other causes

Other possible causes of rashes:

  • Bug bite causes rashes
  • Eczema or atopic dermatitis(It’s a kind of rash which occurs in people who have asthma or allergies)
  • Psoriasis (it’s a common skin disease) can cause a scaly, itchy and red rash on your skin.

Causes of rashes in Children

Children are particularly prone to rashes which will develop the illness. This includes:

  • Chicken Pox: It is a virus which is characterized by red, itchy blisters and it is formed all over the body.
  • Measles: It is a viral respiratory infection which causes rashes and red bumps
  • Scarlet fever: It is an infection which is caused due to Group A Streptococcus bacteria and it produces a toxin which causes red sandpaper-like rash
  • Kawasaki Disease: It is a rare serious illness which triggers a rash and fever at an early stage and this can lead to aneurysm of the coronary artery.
  • Impetigo: It’s a contagious bacterial infection which will cause an itchy and crusty rash on face, neck and hands.

Follow up these guidelines for a speedy recovery:

  • Use mild, gentle cleansers
  • Use warm water for washing your skin or hair
  • Pat the rash dry
  • Avoid the usage of any new cosmetics which may trigger the rash
  • Use unscented moisturizing lotion in the area which is affected by eczema
  • Don’t scratch the rash it can cause infection

Common Causes

  • Allergies
  • Diseases
  • Reactions
  • Medications

Rashes can also be caused due to bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic infections.

Rash Symptom

Some of the rashes symptoms that are seen in many people are:

  • Blister Formation
  • Scaling
  • Skin Ulceration
  • Skin discolouration
  • Itching
  • Bumps on skin

COVID-19 rashes

Nowadays skin rashes are associated with COVID-19 infections. The most common form of COVID-19 rashes is “maculopapular rash.” This has both flat discolourations and elevated lesions. Other rashes that are related to COVID-19 include the thickened lesions which develop in heels of the feet.

When to visit Hospital

If you are not able to cure rash with home treatment call your Doctor or if you’re facing any major symptoms like vomiting and body ache you can visit the doctor immediately.

Visit the hospital immediately if you have the following symptoms:

  • Increase in body pain
  • Discoloration in the rash area
  • Tightness in throat
  • Shortness in breathing
  • Swelling of face
  • Dizziness
  • Headache and neck pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Joint pain
  • Any animal or tick bite


  • Rash is an inflammation or discolouration in the body part. It’s not a specific diagnosis.
  • Some common rashes include COVID-19 eczema, poison ivy and hives
  • Infections that cause rash are fungal, bacterial and viral.


A person can apply OTC (over-the-counter) hydrocortisone cream in the affected area. Also if the rashes are caused due to chickenpox or poison ivy then he can apply calamine lotion.

Rashes are abnormal changes in skin colour and texture. This results from skin inflammation and which have many causes.

Rashes can be dry, moist, bumpy, smooth, cracked and blistered. This can be painful, itchy and can change the colour.

Rash can be caused due to contact dermatitis, infections and allergic reactions.
Rashes can be cured through-

Oatmeal bath, aloe vera gel, coconut oil and apple cider vinegar.

Rashes can be caused due to many diseases like chickenpox, measles, infection and other allergic reactions.
Rashes look like a small pink spot. But sometimes it looks like splotchy red spots.
Some of the illnesses that will cause rash are rosacea, ringworm and contact dermatitis.
Shingles is a viral infection and it can cause some painful rash. It is a distinctive cluster of fluid.
Rashes can last up to 1-2 days or can last up to 6-7 days