Vasectomy About the Procedure

About the Procedure

How to prepare

  • You have to stop taking aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or other blood-thinning drugs before the surgery.
  • Carry a pair of tight-fitting underwear or an athletic supporter to wear after the procedure to support the scrotum and lessen swelling.
  • Take a bath and clean your genital area. Trim genital hair if required.
  • Ask someone to drive you home after the procedure, as there will be slight pain and discomfort.

Vasectomy procedure

There are two types of vasectomy surgical procedures -
  • A conventional vasectomy with a scalpel
  • A no-scalpel procedure
  • The doctor will give the best option to the patient.
  • A conventional vasectomy with a scalpel

    The surgeon first desensitizes the scrotum with a local anaesthetic. Two minor cuts are made in the skin on either side of the scrotum to expose the tubes that transport sperm outside the testicles (vas deferens).
    Each of the tubes is cut and a small part is removed. The tube ends are then closed, either by tying or closing them with the help of heat. In addition, dissolvable stitches are used to reseal the cuts, which usually go away within a week.

  • A no-scalpel vasectomy-

    The surgeon first desensitizes the scrotum with a local anaesthetic injection. A small puncture is done in the scrotum to expose the tubes, and no cuts are needed in this process.
    The tube is then slit, and a small piece of the tube is removed. The tube is tied or sealed, which is repeated on the other side too.
    If required, a dissolving stitch is used to seal the incision and wound dressing is done.

    After the procedure

    • There will be some inflammation, bruising, and pain in the scrotum area. It will heal within a few days. The doctor will give instructions about the safety precautions.
    • Seek emergency medical advice if there are any signs of infection or any complications, such as high fever, blood, inflammation, swelling, and severe pain at the surgery site.
    • Wear a bandage and tight-fitting underwear for at least two days to support the scrotum.
    • Use ice packs on the surgical area for the first few days.
    • Avoid physical activity and sexual intercourse for the first few days after the operation.

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    Mostly not. You will be injected with local anaesthesia to numb the surgical site, so you may not feel any pain. There may be slight pain and discomfort after the procedure.

    You get back to your routine activities in about 2 to 48 hours.

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