Every woman wishes her pregnancy to be safe and healthy without a hitch. But conception, pregnancy, and delivery are not so simple as they seem in most pregnancies. Some women may experience certain health issues during pregnancy that can lead to complications. These can involve the mother’s health, baby’s health or both; if left untreated.
While some complications relate to health conditions that already exist before conception, others occur unexpectedly. Though most pregnancy complications are treatable, regular prenatal checkups help with the early detection and can reduce any further risk to both mother and baby.
Some of the common pregnancy complications include:
- Miscarriage or pregnancy loss
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Gestational diabetes
- Placental complications
- Molar pregnancy
- HELLP syndrome
- Amniotic fluid complications
- Preterm labor
- Cervical insufficiency
In general, a miscarriage is defined as spontaneous abortion which is the unexpected end of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. The most common type of miscarriage is the spontaneous pregnancy loss and it cannot be prevented. In some cases, a miscarriage happens even before a woman is aware of the pregnancy. However, the cause of a pregnancy loss cannot be found in most cases.
Signs that might indicate a miscarriage can include vaginal spotting or bleeding, fluid or tissue passing from the vagina. Women who experience these signs during pregnancy should contact their doctor immediately. The common health conditions that can contribute to a miscarriage include chromosomal abnormalities, placenta problems, poor fetal growth, severe health issues of the mother and infection.
Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy complication that affects some women, usually during the second half of the pregnancy or immediately after the baby is delivered. It is characterized by high blood pressure, protein in the urine and severe fluid retention.