What is pelvic fracture?
Pelvic fracture is a disruption of the bony structure of the pelvis, including the hip bone, sacrum and coccyx. The most common cause in the elderly is a fall, but the most significant fractures involve high-energy forces such as a motor vehicle crashes, cycling accidents, or a fall from significant height. Diagnosis is made on the basis of history, clinical features and special investigations usually including X-ray and CT. Because the pelvis cradles so many internal organs, pelvic fractures may produce significant internal bleeding which is invisible to the eye. Emergency treatment consists of advanced trauma life support management. After stabilization, the pelvis may be surgically reconstructed.
What are the signs and symptoms of a pelvic fracture?
- Pain and tenderness in your pelvic bone area.
- Bruising and swelling over your pelvic bones.
- Numbness or tingling in your genital area or in your upper thighs.
- Discomfort or pain when you sit, stand, walk, or have a bowel movement.
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What physical therapy techniques are used for pelvic fractures?
Teaching patients how to use crutches without putting weight on the leg closer to the fracture, using multiple strategies to manage pain, and implementing a strength-training regimen are the physical therapy techniques used for patients with pelvic fracture. The focus is restoring hip strength for balance, notes Move Forward.
What is the treatment for pelvic fracture?
When surgery isn’t required, pelvic fracture treatment consists of using a walker or crutches for up to three months while the bones heal, along with medications for pain management, notes the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Surgical remedies are necessary for unstable fractures and involve an external fixation