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MINUTE has performed 2000 KIDNEY TRANSPLANTS Till Date

KIDNEY TRANSPLANTS

A transplant is a treatment for end-stage kidney disease. Find out what's involved, who can have one, and how to prepare ?

Most people go on dialysis first while they’re waiting for a suitable kidney to be available. For people facing kidney failure, a transplant offers them the potentials to enjoy a longer, more active life, without having to continue with dialysis. Even if a transplant fails, many people are able to successfully have second and subsequent transplants.

A transplant is a treatment for end-stage kidney disease. Find out what’s involved, who can have one, and how to prepare ?

Most people go on dialysis first while they’re waiting for a suitable kidney to be available. For people facing kidney failure, a transplant offers them the potentials to enjoy a longer, more active life, without having to continue with dialysis. Even if a transplant fails, many people are able to successfully have second and subsequent transplants.

To be eligible for a kidney transplant, you need to be reasonably healthy. Surgery and the medication used to prevent rejection can place a strain on your body and cause problems if you are not well. Discuss with our doctor at MINUTE, if a transplant is a good solution for you, or whether another treatment option would be better.

Before a transplant can occur, there are certain medical tests used to assess your health. These can include:

  • an appointment with the transplant assessment team, which includes discussions and a physical examination
  • blood tests
  • x-rays of the heart and lungs
  • ultrasounds and other imaging of the heart to ensure it’s health
  • surgical review of your arteries, veins and bladder
  • skin examination
  • dental examination
  • other specialised tests based on your personal health history
  • periodic tests to make sure that you have not built up anti-bodies

At MINUTE, kidney transplants have a high success rate – currently,100 % of transplants are working one year later. Life expectancy for someone who has undergone a kidney transplant varies by each individual patient and their overall health. Currently, patient survival is at 90% for 5 years for first transplants from deceased donors. The numbers for second and subsequent transplants are similar.

The chances of success are high if a donor is available and ready within the family. A kidney may be specifically given to you from a loved one, or in some rare cases, a kidney may be given to you by a stranger who altruistically donates one of their kidneys to the next suitable person on the waiting list. Unless you have someone giving a kidney directly to you, you’ll need to be placed on the official waiting list. This will be assessed through your renal unit or nephrologist and team.

It’s important to be as fit and healthy as possible too. You want to make sure your body is ready for both the surgery and medication you’ll need to go on afterwards.

It’s also a good idea to have regular health and dental checks, and maintain your:

  • Recommended dietary and fluid restrictions
  • Dialysis schedule
  • Regular fitness or exercise plan
  • Ideal body weight for your age and size (being overweight increases the risk of problems during surgery).

During surgery, the new kidney is placed in position. Your existing kidneys are not usually removed. Sometimes, if you have large polycystic kidneys, one may be removed to make space for the transplant.

The operation usually takes 3 to 4 hours with variable hours of recovery. The new kidney is connected to your bladder so urine can flow, and a tube or catheter is placed in your bladder for up to 5 days (after which it’s removed). You may come out of the operation with tubes at the operation site (a drain) or a catheter in your bladder.

Some kidneys start to work straight away, but others may take a few days or weeks. You’ll be in hospital for about a week, depending on how quickly you recover from the surgery. The transplants kidney will be closely monitored with blood tests and scans. You may also be required to undergo a transplant biopsy where they take a small sample of the tissue.

You will need ongoing frequent monitoring of blood tests, blood pressure, drug levels and your health. Initially this will be very frequent (daily) and over time will become less frequent depending on your progress. Be prepared to come into the hospital daily after discharge.

You’ll take medications, for the life of the transplanted kidney, to stop your body from rejecting it. These medication can make you more prone to serious illnesses such as infections and cancers. Sometimes a kidney stops working because people stop taking these medications, so it’s incredibly important that you take them regularly and a s prescribed. Along with general health and fitness, your kidney will last longer if you follow advice about caring for your kidney.

MEET THE TEAM

Dr. Kamal Kiran

Dr. Kamal Kiran
MD, DNB (Nephro)

Director, Dept.of Nephrology

Dr. J.AL. Ranganath
MD, DM (Nephrology)

Sr. Consultant Nephrology& Renal Transplant Physician

Dr. Girish Narayen

Dr. Girish Narayan
MD, DM, MNAMS

Sr. Consultant Nephrologist

Dr. Shabana Nazneen DM, MD (Nephro)

Consultant Nephrologist and Transplant Physician

Dr. P. Sandeep
MD, DM.

Sr. Consultant Nephrologist

Dr. K. Sharath Kumar
MD, DM. (Osm) Consultant

Nephrologist

KIDNEY TRANSPLANTS

Transplantation is a new-age life-saving procedure that can significantly enhance the quality of lives of patients suffering from kidney failure. From expert evaluation to specialized treatment, we provide patient-focused care throughout the entire transplant process with adequate guidance and support at every step.There are two types of Kidney transplants, Live (From first/ second degree relatives) or cadaver (brain-dead donors). Donation from a commercial donor is illegal and not acceptable. First degree relatives include parents, siblings, children and spouse, while second degree relatives constitute uncles, aunts, cousins, in-laws etc. The relationship with the patient will be duly authenticated by using methods such as tissue-matching, DNA fingerprinting etc.

  • Live Related Kidney Transplantation
  • Cadaver Kidney Transplantation
  • ABO-Incompatible Kidney Transplantation (Between Mismatched Blood Groups)
  • Crossmatch Positive Kidney Transplantation
  • Swap (Exchange) Kidney Transplantation
  • Sero Positive Kidney Transplantation

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Dileena
Transplant
Co-ordinator

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