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Verapamil

verapamil
By Medicover Hospitals / 08 Jan 2021
Home | Medicine | Verapamil

What is Verapamil?

Verapamil oral capsule is a prescription medication which is available as a brand name drug called Verlan PM and Verelan. The extended-release capsule is available in the form of a generic drug. Mostly, generic drug cost very less.

Verapamil medications are also available in the form of extended-release tablet (Calan SR) and an immediate- release oral tablet (calan). Both forms of the tablets are available in the form of a generic drug.

  1. Verapamil uses
  2. Verapamil side effects
  3. Precautions
  4. Verapamil Dosage
  5. Verapamil Storage
  6. Verapamil vs Diltiazem
  7. Frequently Asked Questions
  8. Citations

Verapamil Uses:

Verapamil is used for treating high blood pressure. Lowering the high blood pressure helps from preventing strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. Verapamil belongs to the class of drug named as calcium channel blockers. The medication works as relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.

Verapamil is used for treating chest pain. This can help in increasing the ability to exercise and decrease how often you are getting angina attacks. Verapamil is used for controlling the heart rate if you’re facing irregular heartbeat. It helps in lowering the heart rate which helps you in feeling more comfortable and that increase the ability to exercise.

Verapamil Side Effects:

Some of the common side effects of Verapamil are:

  • Constipation
  • Heartburn
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Headache

Some of the serious side effects of Verapamil are:

  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Rash
  • Nausea
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Unusual bleeding
  • Lack of energy
  • Loss of appetite

If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Verapamil if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Verapamil side effects.

Precautions:

Before taking Verapamil talk to your doctor if you’re allergic to it or any other medications. The medication contains some inactive ingredients which will cause allergic reactions or any other problems. Before taking this medicine talk to your doctor if you’re having any medical history such as:

  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Heart failure
  • Muscle or nerve disorder
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease

How to take Verapamil?

Verapamil comes in the form of a tablet- an extended-release tablet which should be taken by mouth. The normal tablet is taken 3 to 4 times a day. The extended-release tablet and capsules are taken for once or twice a day. Take Verapamil at around the same time every day. Some of the Verapamil tablets should be taken in the morning and sometimes during bedtimes. Ask your doctor for knowing the best time to take the medication. Swallow the extended-release tablet and capsules with a full glass of water. Carefully follow the prescription label and ask the doctor for explaining the consumption of the medicine.

Verapamil Dosage:

Generic: Verapamil Tablets (100 mg, 120 mg, 180 mg, 200 mg, 240 mg, 300 mg)

Brand: Verelan (120 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg, 360 mg)

Brand: Verelan PM (100 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg)

Brand: Calan (80 mg, 120 mg)

Brand: Calan SR (120 mg, 240 mg)

Missed dose:

Missing one or two-dose of Verapamil won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.

Overdose:

Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Verapamil tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.

Allergy Warnings:

  • Trouble Breathing
  • Swelling of the throat or tongue
  • Hives
  • Rash or itching
  • Swollen or peeling skin
  • Fever
  • Chest Tightness
  • Swelling of the mouth, face and lips

Warnings for certain Health Conditions:

For people with heart problems: This includes severe left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. Avoid taking verapamil if you have severe damage to the left side of the heart or moderate to severe heart failure.

For people with low blood pressure: Do not take verapamil if you have low blood pressure (systolic pressure less than 90 mm Hg). Verapamil can lower your blood pressure too much, which can cause dizziness.

For people with heart rhythm disturbances: These include sick sinus syndrome, ventricular arrhythmias, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, second or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block, or Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome. If you have any of these conditions, verapamil can cause ventricular fibrillation or atrioventricular block.

Warning for other groups:

Pregnancy

Verapamil belongs to category C pregnancy drug. It means the research is done in animals which have sown some of the adverse effects in the mother.

Breastfeeding

Verapamil passes into the breast milk. And it causes some negative effects in the newborn baby.

Verapamil Storage:

Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.

Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).

Before taking Verapamil to consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Verapamil rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Verapamil.

Verapamil vs Diltiazem:

Verapamil Diltiazem
Verapamil oral capsule is a prescription medication which is available as a brand name drug called Verlan PM and Verelan. The extended-release capsule is available in the form of a generic drug. Mostly, generic drug cost very less. Diltiazem is a calcium channel blocker. This works by relaxing the muscles of the heart and blood vessels. It is used for treating hypertension, angina and disorders of heart rhythms.
Verapamil is used for treating high blood pressure. Lowering the high blood pressure helps from preventing strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. Verapamil belongs to the class of drug named as calcium channel blockers. The medication works as relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. Diltiazem is used for preventing chest pain. This may help in increasing the ability to exercise and will help in decreasing the angina attacks.
Some of the serious side effects of Verapamil are:
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Rash
  • Nausea
  • Extreme tiredness
Some of the serious side effects of Diltiazem:
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Light-headed
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Upper stomach pain
  • Itching

Frequently Asked Questions:

Verapamil is used for treating high blood pressure. Lowering the high blood pressure helps from preventing strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. Verapamil belongs to the class of drug named as calcium channel blockers. The medication works as relaxing the blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.
Some of the serious side effects of Verapamil are:
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Rash
  • Nausea
  • Extreme tiredness
Verapamil takes 2 weeks about to work. The dosage would be changed in accordance with Curing level of the disease.
Verapamil comes in the form of a tablet- an extended-release tablet which should be taken by mouth. The normal tablet is taken 3 to 4 times a day. The extended-release tablet and capsules are taken for once or twice a day. Take Verapamil at around the same time every day.

Citations:

  • Verapamil, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198938010-00003
  • Verapamil Dose, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0002914980903665