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Tramadol

tramadol
By Medicover Hospitals / 17 Feb 2021
Home | Medicine | Tramadol
  • A prescription drug that is available as an immediate-release and extended-release tablet is Tramadol oral tablet. Tramadol also comes as an oral capsule with an extended-release. Immediate-release medications are released right into the bloodstream. Extended-release medications are released steadily over time into the body. Tramadol is an analgesic and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake-inhibitor) centrally acting synthetic opioid, structurally similar to codeine and morphine. Tramadol is commonly considered a lower-risk opioid alternative for the treatment of mild to extreme pain because of its strong tolerability profile and multimodal mechanism of action.
    1. Tramadol Uses
    2. Side effects
    3. Precautions
    4. Dosage Forms and Strengths
    5. Warnings
    6. Interactions
    7. Storage
    8. Tramadol vs Toradol
    9. FAQ's

    Tramadol Uses:

    • To ease mild to moderately serious pain, Tramadol is used. Tramadol extended-release tablets and capsules are only used around-the-clock for individuals who are expected to require treatment to alleviate pain. Tramadol belongs to the drugs called analgesics for opiates (narcotics). By modifying the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain, it works.

    Tramadol Side effects:

  • Most common side effects of Tramadol are:
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Drowsiness
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Constipation
    • Lack of energy
    • Sweating
    • Dry mouth
  • Some of the major side effects of Tramadol are:
    • Irregular heartbeat
    • High blood pressure
    • Agitations
    • Hallucinations
    • Slow in breathing rate
    • Fainting
    • Anxious
    • Trouble in sleeping
    • Yawning
    • Chills
    • If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Tramadol if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.
    • A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Tramadol side effects.

    Precautions:

  • Before taking Tramadol talk with your doctor if you are allergic to it or any other medications. The product may contain some inactive ingredients which can cause some serious problems. Before taking Tramadol talk with your doctor if you are having any medical history such as:
    • Kidney problems
    • Liver disease
    • Stomach problems

    How to take Tramadol?

  • Tramadol comes as a pill, a (liquid) solution, an extended-release (long-acting) tablet, and a mouth-taking extended-release (long-acting) capsule. The standard tablet and the solution are typically taken every 4 to 6 hours as required, with or without food. It is sufficient to take the extended-release tablet and the extended-release capsule once a day. Your doctor may start you on a low dose of tramadol and gradually increase the amount of medication you are taking, not more often than every 3 days if you are taking the remedy, the normal or orally disintegrating tablets, or every 5 days if you are taking the extended or extended-release tablets.
  • Dosage Forms and Strengths

  • Generic:Tramadol
    • Form: Immediate-release oral tablet 50 Mg
    • Form: Extended-release oral tablet 100 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg
  • Brand: Ultram
    • Form: immediate-release oral tablet 50 Mg

    Dosage for moderate to severe pain

  • Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)
    • Immediate-release tablet
    • Typical daily dosage: Daily dosage is increased to 50 mg in every 3 days
  • Extended-release Tablet
  • Typical daily dosage:Every day 100 mg once per day
  • Missed Dose:

  • Missing one or two-dose of Tramadol won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.
  • Overdose:

  • Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Tramadol tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.
  • Allergy Warnings

  • Trouble in breathing
  • Swelling of face, lips and throat
  • Severe itching
  • Hives
  • Blistering or peeling skin
  • Interactions:

  • Drug interactions can affect the working of your drugs or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all potential drug interactions are included in this paper. Keep a list and share it with your doctor and pharmacist of all the medications you use (including prescription/nonprescription medicines and herbal products). Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any drug without being treated by your doctor
  • Certain pain drugs (mixed opioid agonist-antagonists such as pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol), naltrexone, are some of the products that may interfere with this drug. A significant (possibly fatal) drug interaction can be caused by taking MAO inhibitors with this medicine.
  • Storage:

  • Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.
  • Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).
  • Before taking Tramadol consult your Doctor. In case if you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Tramadol rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Tramadol.
  • Tramadol vs Toradol :

    Tramadol
    Toradol
    A prescription drug that is available as an immediate-release and extended-release tablet is Tramadol oral tablet. Tramadol also comes as an oral capsule with an extended-release. Toradol (ketorolac tromethamine) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used, usually following surgery, to relieve mildly intense pain and inflammation.
    Tramadol extended-release tablets and capsules are only used around-the-clock for individuals who are expected to require treatment to alleviate pain. Toradol is used in adults to treat mild to extreme pain over the short term. It is commonly used before or during surgery or during surgical procedures.
    Most common side effects of Tramadol are:
    • -Drowsiness
    • -Dizziness
    • -Constipation
    • -Headache
    • -Nausea and vomiting
    Most of the common side effects of Toradol are:
    • -GI ulceration
    • -Bleeding and Perforation
    • -Acute renal failure
    • -Upset stomach
    • -Nausea
    • -Vomiting
    • -Constipation

    Frequently Asked Questions:

    To ease mild to moderately serious pain, Tramadol is used. Tramadol extended-release tablets and capsules are only used around-the-clock for individuals who are expected to require treatment to alleviate pain. Tramadol is in a family of medicines called analgesics for opiates (narcotics).
    Most common side effects of Tramadol are:
    • - Drowsiness
    • - Dizziness
    • - Headache
    • - Nausea and vomiting
    • - Constipation
    Tramadol and codeine, like morphine, heroin and its synthetic equivalent Fentanyl, are much less potent than other opiates. Because of this, there is a relatively low risk of tolerance or withdrawal from short-term use of tramadol and codeine for a cough or mild pain symptoms.
    Tramadol drops are fast-acting, as are injections and certain tablets and capsules. Within 30 to 60 minutes, they start to work. They are used for pain that is supposed to last for a brief moment only.
    As needed for pain, the prescribed dose of tramadol is 50-100 mg (immediate-release tablets) per 4-6 hours. 400 mg/day is the full dose. Patients should start at 25 mg/day to boost tolerance, and doses can be increased by 25-50 mg every 3 days to reach 50-100 mg/day every 4 to 6 hours.

    Citations:

  • Tramadol, https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-200060010-00008
  • Effects of Tramadol,https://patents.google.com/patent/US6765010B2/en