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Ranitidine

ranitidine
By Medicover Hospitals / 08 Jan 2021
Home | Medicine | Ranitidine

Ranitidine:

Ranitidine is available in prescription and over-the-counter versions. The medication comes in various forms such as oral tablets, capsules and syrup. It also comes in the form of an Injectable solution. Ranitidine is available as a brand name called Zantac. It is also used as a generic drug.

Ranitidine belongs to the group of drugs called histamine-2 blockers. Ranitidine tablets work by reducing the amount of acid the stomach produces. Also, it has been used for treating and preventing ulcers in the stomach and intestines. The medication is also used for treating conditions in which the stomach produces too much acid such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.

  1. Ranitidine uses
  2. Ranitidine side effects
  3. Precautions
  4. Ranitidine Dosage
  5. Ranitidine Storage
  6. Ranitidine Vs. Pantoprazole
  7. Frequently Asked Questions
  8. Citations

Ranitidine uses:

Ranitidine is used for treating various conditions such as:

  • Intestinal and stomach ulcers
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Erosive esophagitis
  • Zollinger- Ellison syndrome

Ranitidine can be also used as a combination therapy i.e., it can be taken with other medications. Ranitidine can also be used for short term treatment for GERD.

Ranitidine Side Effects:

Some of the common side effects of Ranitidine are:

  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain

Some of the serious side effects of Ranitidine are:

  • Inflammation of the liver. Symptoms:
    • Tiredness
    • Pale skin
    • Dark urine
    • Severe stomach pain
  • Change in brain function. Symptoms:
    • Confusion
    • Agitation
    • Depression
  • Irregular heartbeat. Symptoms:
    • Fast heart rate
    • Tiredness
    • Shortness of breath

If you have any of these serious symptoms immediately contact your doctor for further assistance. In any case, due to Ranitidine if you get any kind of reactions in your body try avoiding it.

A doctor advised you to take the medicines by seeing your problems and the benefits of this medicine are greater than the side effects. Majority of the people who use this medicine don’t show any side effects. Get medical help immediately if you get any serious Ranitidine side effects.

Precautions:

Before taking Ranitidine talk to the doctor if you’re allergic to it or any other medications. The product can contain some inactive ingredients that can cause allergic reactions or some other serious problems.

Before using the medication talk to the doctor if you are having any medical history such as:

  • Blood disorder
  • Kidney Problems
  • Liver Problems
  • Lung diseases
  • Stomach problems

Some of the symptoms can lead to serious health conditions such as heartburn, dizziness and lightheadedness. In this case visit the doctor immediately.

How to take Ranitidine?

Ranitidine comes in the form of tablets and syrup. The medicine should be taken once during bedtime or for two to four times a day. Over-the-counter Ranitidine comes in the form of tablets. The medication should usually be taken twice a day. To prevent from the symptoms it should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before eating or drinking foods that can cause heartburn.

Dosage:

Generic: Ranitidine (tablet- 150 mg, 300 mg)

Brand:Zantac (tablet- 150 mg, 300 mg)

You can take ranitidine with or without food. However, if you do have symptoms every time you eat or drink, take your medicine 30 minutes to 60 minutes before having a drink, snack, or meal.

Tablets:Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water, milk, or juice.

Soluble tablets:Dissolve the tablets in half a glass of water. Do not use milk, sparkling water, or other carbonated drinks. Wait until the medicine has completely dissolved, and then drink it immediately.

Don't use a kitchen teaspoon as it won't give you the correct amount. Liquid ranitidine is suitable for children and people who have difficulties swallowing tablets. Liquid - comes with a syringe or spoon to help you measure it.

Missed Dose:

Missing one or two-dose of Ranitidine won’t show any effect on your body. The skipped dose causes no problem. But with some medication, it won’t work if you don’t take the dosage on time. If you miss a dose some sudden chemical change may affect your body. In some cases, your doctor would advise you to take the prescribed medicine as soon as possible if you have missed the dose.

Overdose:

Overdose of a drug can be accidental. If you have taken more than the prescribed Ranitidine tablets there is a chance of getting a harmful effect on your body’s functions. Overdose of a medicine can lead to some medical emergency.

Interactions:

Drug interactions with other medications can change the way your medicines work or increase your risk of serious side effects. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine without your doctor's approval. Some products require stomach acid for the body to absorb them properly. Ranitidine reduces stomach acid, so it can change the effectiveness of these products.

This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including certain urine protein tests), possibly causing false results.

Storage:

Direct contact with heat, air and light may damage your medicines. The exposure of medicine may cause some harmful effects. The medicine must be kept in a safe place and out of children’s reach.

Mainly the drug should be kept at room temperature between 68ºF and 77ºF (20ºC and 25ºC).

Before taking Ranitidine consult your Doctor. In case you face any problems or get any side effects after taking Ranitidine, rush immediately to your nearby hospital or consult your doctor for better treatment. Carry your medications always in your bag while travelling to avoid any immediate emergencies. Follow your prescription and follow your Doctor advice whenever you take Ranitidine.

Ranitidine Vs. Pantoprazole:

Ranitidine
Pantoprazole
Ranitidine is available in prescription and over-the-counter versions. The medication comes in various forms such as oral tablets, capsules and syrup. It also comes in the form of an Injectable solution. Ranitidine is available as a brand name called Zantac. Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor which helps in decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. Pantoprazole is used for treating Zollinger-Ellison syndrome or other conditions that involve excess stomach acid.
Ranitidine is used for treating various conditions such as:
  • Intestinal and stomach ulcers
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Erosive esophagitis
  • Zollinger- Ellison syndrome
Pantoprazole is used for treating some of the stomach and esophagus problems. This works by decreasing the amount of acid our stomach makes. Pantoprazole medications also help in relieving symptoms such as heartburn, difficulty in swallowing and continuous cough
Some of the common side effects of Ranitidine are:
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Some of the serious side effects of Pantoprazole are::
  • blistering or peeling of skin
  • Rash hives
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood in the Urine
  • Frequently Asked Questions:

    Ranitidine is available in prescription and over-the-counter versions. The medication comes in various forms such as oral tablets, capsules and syrup. It also comes in the form of an Injectable solution.
    Ranitidine is used for both long-term and short- term treatment. This comes with serious risks if the medication is not taken as prescribed by the doctor.
    Ranitidine is now banned because it was found to have higher-than-acceptable levels of cancer-causing substances.

    Citations:

  • Ranitidine,https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00003495-198937060-00003
  • Ranitidine Uses,https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/abs/10.7326/0003-4819-100-3-459_1
  • Ranitidine Side effects,https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1398-9995.1993.tb02412.x