Screening should begin at 20 years of age and by the age of 35 have to checked for every year. To determine the risk factors, this includes:
- Blood Pressure
- BMI over 30
- Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis
- Family history of stroke
- Lipid Profile
- HDL (Good cholesterol)
- LDL (Bad cholesterol)
- If your blood pressure is within the normal range, you only need to have your blood pressure checked every two years. (Normal Range is less than 120/80 mm Hg)
- If your blood pressure is high, you may require medication to control it and ward off heart disease, kidney disease and stroke. (Blood pressure higher than 135/80mm Hg may be a symptoms of diabetes)
Diabetes: Testing for diabetes may includes
- Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS)
- Hemoglobin A1C blood test (HgA1C)
Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis: Abdominal ultrasound is a type of imaging test. It is used to look at organs in the abdomen, including the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys. The good news is that an ultrasound can detect an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) before it ruptures. Recommended screening for men, who have smoked 100 or more cigarettes in their lifetime.
High triglycerides are associated with metabolic syndrome, which increases your risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA): Risks of the PSA blood test outweigh the benefits. False positive results lead to too many unnecessary biopsies. Talk with your doctor about your risks for prostate cancer and whether a digital rectal exam (DRE) should be part of your physical and whether testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is appropriate for you.
- PSA Screening in men under age 40 and above 70 is not recommended.
- Routine screening in men between ages 40 and 54 at average risk is not recommended.
- As compared to annual screening, it is expected that screening intervals of two years preserve the majority of the benefits and reduce over diagnosis and false positives.
Body Mass Index (BMI): Your body BMI measures your body fat based on your height and weight and it can determine excess weight or overweight or obesity. Excess weight increases your risk for diabetes and heart disease.