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Knee Pain

knee-pain-symptom

Knee Pain is a common complaint that affects all the age groups. Severe knee pain can be a cause of injuries such as ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Some of the health issues that can give you severe knee pain are arthritis, gout and infections. Knee pain can also be caused due to physical activity and obesity.

Causes of Knee Pain

Some of the major causes of knee pain are:

Osteoarthritis: Pain and inflammation are caused due to the degeneration of joints.

Tendinitis: Knee pain is caused due to climbing or walking up an incline.

Bursitis: Inflammation is caused due to injury in the knee.

Chondromalacia Patella: Chondromalacia Patella results in degeneration of cartilage for poor alignment in the knee cap.

Gout: Gout is caused due to too much formation of uric acid.

Baker’s cyst: It’s a fluid-filled cyst which causes bulge or tightness behind the knee

Rheumatoid Arthritis: It’s a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder. This causes painful swelling and eventually, it causes joint deformity and bone erosion.

Meniscus Tear:It’s a rupture of one or more cartilage in the knee.

Torn ligament: It’s a severe sprain which will cause inflammation and ankle instability. A person may face difficulty while walking.

Factors that will affect knee pain are:

  • Injuries in the knee can cause bleeding or swelling
  • Sprains and strains
  • Infection
  • Bad posture will affect  the knee
  • Not warming up after a physical activity
  • Improperly stretching the muscles near knee

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Symptoms of Knee Pain

Common symptoms of knee pain are:

  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to touch
  • Weakness
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee
  • Constant ache

Prevention

By taking preventive measures some of the knee pain can be cured. If you’re getting severe knee pain because of physical activity you can change your lifestyle to help treat the pain. This includes:

  • Try low impact exercises: Instead of going for heavy exercises, you can focus on low impact exercise which will help you in putting less pressure on your knees.
  • Lose weight: Try to lose your weight, as the heavyweight will have a direct impact on your knees.
  • Walk: Running puts extra force on the knees. Instead of running, walk down slowly for avoiding extra pressure on your knees.

Risk Factors

There are a number of factors that can increase the risk of knee problems:

  • Excess Weight: The important risk factors of knee pain are overweight and obesity as it can increase the stress in joints of the knee. This will increase the risk factors of osteoarthritis by increasing the breakdown of joint cartilage.
  • Lack of muscle flexibility: Lack of flexibility will increase the risk of knee injuries. Strong muscles will help in protecting joints and muscle flexibility.
  • Sports: There are some sports which will put much stress on the knees like basketball, football, running and jogging.

Home remedies

Follow some of the home treatments which will help you in getting relief from the knee pain:

Physical activity

Exercise helps in strengthening the joints. Doing proper exercise will help you in getting relief from the knee pain. People who are facing joint pain can get benefited from activities like water aerobics.

Follow some of the home treatments which will help you in getting relief from the knee pain:

Strengthening exercises

Tips you can follow for strengthening your muscles are:

  • While lying or sitting on the bed stretch your legs.
  • Do step-ups
  • Sit on a chair and stand, repeat this for a minute
  • Hold the chair and start doing squats

Weight loss and diet

People who are overweight have more risk of getting knee pain. Losing weight will help in getting rid of knee pain which includes pain that is caused by arthritis.

So maintaining a proper diet will help in reducing the knee pain. A balanced diet includes:

  • Fruit, vegetables and fiber (high)
  • Meat, animal fat and other fat (Low)

Massage

Massage will help you in giving great relief to your knee pain. Give a regular massage to your knee.

Heat and Cold packs on knee

This will be effective in treating pain in the lower back of your knee. The heat or heat pack helps in relaxing the muscle and improves lubrication which leads to the reduction of stiffness. For this, a person can use a water bottle or warm pad.

Ice can be wrapped in a cloth and applied on the knee for reducing pain and swelling.

When to visit a Doctor

Any knee injury that is caused by sudden trauma like a road accident needs immediate medical attention.

If there is any kind of considerable pain, cuts or swelling then it should be checked by the Doctor. Visit your doctor if you’ve following problems:

  • Significant swelling
  • Severe pain
  • Fever
  • Swelling around the joint
  • Unable to walk
It’s very important to get treatment at an earlier stage for avoiding any major side effects.

FAQ's

Your knee pain may get serious if you have these symptoms:

  • Knee swelling
  • Deformity in knee
  • Fever due to severe pain
  • Redness and pain in knee

To relieve knee pain take proper rest and don’t put much pressure on your knees. Rub ice or hot packs on the knees.

The most common cause of getting knee pain is ageing, injury and putting a lot of stress on your knees. Some of the knee problems include sprained or strained ligaments, cartilage tears and arthritis.

There are some common causes of knee pain without injuries:

  • Bursitis
  • Tendinitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Walking helps to ease the knee pain and disability from osteoarthritis. Also, walking helps in sending more blood and nutrients to your knee joints.

If there is sudden pain in your knees and it lasts for more than 48 hours then there is a need to visit a doctor.

Take a break from normal activities for reducing repetitive stress in the knee. Try rubbing ice or a hot pack for getting immediate relief from the knee pain.

Arthritis can feel like swelling and redness around the joint. Pain and inflammation are caused due to the degeneration of joints.

Citations:

  • Knee Pain: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0304395987900662
  • Preventing Knee Pain: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/036354659702500108
  • Knee Pain relief: http://www.ostmonza.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/ES21.full_.pdf