The normal length of a woman’s menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it varies from person to person. Irregular menstruation is when the length of the cycle is more than 35 days or if the length varies.
A period, or menstruation, is the part of the menstrual cycle in which the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus, sheds. It seems to be bleeding from the uterus, which is expelled by the vagina.
Periods usually begin during puberty, between the ages of 10 and 16, and last until menopause, when the woman is between the ages of 45 and 55. Irregular periods, also called oligomenorrhea, can occur if there is a change in birth control, a hormonal imbalance, hormonal changes at the time of menopause, and resistance exercises.
Several factors increase the likelihood of having an irregular period. Most of them are due to the production of hormones. Oestrogen and progesterone are the two hormones that affect menstruation. These are the hormones that control the cycle.
What causes abnormal menstruation (periods)?
There are several reasons for abnormal cycles, ranging from stress to more severe underlying medical conditions:
Stress factors and lifestyle
Gaining or losing a significant amount of weight, dieting, changes in exercise routines, travel, illness, or other interruptions in a woman’s daily routine can all have an impact on her menstrual cycle.
Birth control pills
Most birth control pills contain a combination of the hormones estrogen and progestin. The pills prevent pregnancy by preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. This is an important consideration when she is planning to conceive and get pregnant. Women who take progestin-only birth control pills may have bleeding between periods.
Uterine polyps or fibroids
Uterine polyps are small benign (non-cancerous) growths on the lining of the uterus. There may be one or more fibroids ranging from as small as an apple seed to the size of a grapefruit. These tumors are usually benign, but they can cause heavy bleeding and pain during menstruation. If the fibroids are large, they can put pressure on the bladder or rectum and cause discomfort.
The endometrial tissue that lines the uterus ruptures every month and is discharged with menstrual flow. Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue begins to grow outside the uterus. These can cause abnormal bleeding, cramps, or pain before and during periods, and painful intercourse.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a bacterial infection that affects the reproductive system of women. The bacteria can enter the vagina through sexual contact and then spread to the uterus and upper genital tract. Bacteria can also enter the reproductive tract through gynecological procedures or during childbirth, spontaneous or spontaneous abortion.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce large amounts of androgens, which are male hormones. Small fluid-filled sacs (cysts) can form in the ovaries. Hormonal changes can prevent eggs from maturing, and therefore ovulation may not take place consistently. Sometimes a woman with PCOS will have irregular periods or will stop menstruating completely. Additionally, the condition is associated with obesity, infertility, and hirsutism (excessive hair growth and acne). This condition can be caused by a hormonal imbalance, although the exact cause is unknown.
Premature ovarian failure
This condition occurs in women under the age of 40 whose ovaries do not function normally. The menstrual cycle stops, similar to menopause. This can occur in patients who are being treated for cancer with chemotherapy and radiation, or if they have a family history of premature ovarian failure or certain chromosomal abnormalities.
5 possible causes of irregular menstruation after marriage
Studies have shown that emotional stress temporarily disrupts the hormones that regulate your period. Being newly married can be challenging as you adapt to a new life and new responsibilities. Planning and celebrating a wedding can also be stressful. This stress may be enough to get rid of your cycle. Your cycle should get back on track once your stress levels drop.
2. Change of routine
Interruptions in your daily routine can affect your menstrual cycle. Getting married often involves many changes in your daily routine that can affect your periods. Moving to another place, adapting to a daily routine, and eating differently are just some of the transitions that also follow marriage.
3. Weight changes
Marriage can increase your risk of weight gain. Women are more likely to gain weight after marriage than men do. Rapid or major changes in weight have been found to induce irregular intervals, according to clinical evidence.
4. Birth control
Turning a hormonal birth control method on or off can cause your periods to become irregular. Some types of birth control can also cause the occasional miss or period to stop altogether. It is possible to get pregnant if you miss a birth control pill or recently stopped taking birth control.
Pregnancy causes missed periods. But in early pregnancy, it can also cause other irregularities, such as implantation spotting and bleeding, which resembles a very mild period. If you’ve had unprotected sex and experience menstrual irregularities, it’s a good idea to take a home pregnancy test.
Symptoms of Irregular Periods
A menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days, but it can vary from 24 to 35 days, depending on the person. Most women have between 11 and 13 menstrual cycles every year. The bleeding usually lasts about 5 days, but it can also vary, from 2 to 7 days.
When menstruation begins, it can take up to 2 years to establish a regular cycle. After puberty, most women’s menstruation is regular. The time span between each period is similar.
However, for some women, the time between cycles and the amount of bloodshed varies considerably. This is known as irregular menstruation.
The main symptom of irregular menstruation is when the cycle lasts more than 35 days or if it varies in length. If there are changes in blood flow, or if clots larger than 2.5 centimeters in diameter appear, this is also considered irregular.
Treatment for Irregular Periods
Treatment of irregular periods during puberty and around menopause is not usually necessary, but if irregular periods occur during the reproductive years, medical advice may be necessary. Treatment depends on finding out what is causing your irregular periods, but there are remedies you can try at home to get your cycle back on track.
1. Practice yoga
Yoga has been shown to minimize menstrual pain and depressive symptoms associated with menstruation, such as stress and anxiety, and to increase the quality of life of women with primary dysmenorrhea. Women with primary dysmenorrhea feel intense discomfort before and after menstrual cycles.
2. Maintain a healthy weight
Changes in your weight can affect your periods. If you are overweight or obese, losing weight may help regulate your periods. Alternatively, extreme weight loss or underweight can cause irregular menstruation. Women who are overweight are often more likely to have irregular cycles and have more frequent bleeding and discomfort than women who are at a healthier weight. This is attributed to the effect of fat cells on hormones and insulin.
3. Exercise regularly
Exercise has many health effects that will help the time. It will help you achieve or sustain a stable weight and is widely prescribed as part of a polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment plan (PCOS).
4. Spice things up with ginger
Ginger is used as a home remedy to treat irregular periods, but there is no scientific evidence to show that it works. Ginger appears to have other benefits related to menstruation.
5. Add a little cinnamon
Cinnamon appears to be beneficial for a variety of menstrual problems. It helps control menstrual periods and is an important treatment choice for women with PCOS. It has also been shown to substantially alleviate menstrual pain and bleeding and to alleviate nausea and vomiting associated with primary dysmenorrhea.
6. Get your daily dose of vitamins
Vitamin D is often added to some foods, including milk and other dairy products and cereals. You can also get vitamin D through sun exposure or through supplements. B vitamins are often prescribed for women trying to conceive and can help regulate their period, but more research is needed to confirm these claims. B vitamins can also reduce the risk of premenstrual symptoms.
7. Drink apple cider vinegar daily
Apple cider vinegar can also help you lose weight and lower blood sugar and insulin levels. Apple cider has a bitter taste, which can be difficult for some people to consume. If you want to try to drink it but the flavor is difficult for you, you can try diluting it with water and adding a tablespoon of honey.
You may be able to get your menstrual cycle back on track with a few lifestyle changes and home remedies. However, scientific evidence is limited and only a few natural remedies have been scientifically proven to regulate your menstrual period.
If you are concerned about your irregular periods, talk to your doctor.
Your diet can be effective in dealing with different types of health problems, including periods. There are some foods that can help you regulate your period in time without taking pills.
- Unripe papaya
- Aloe vera
- Dhanurasana (Bow pose)
- Ustrasana (Camel pose)
- Bhujangasana (Cobra pose)
- Malasana (Garland pose)
- Baddha konasana (Butterfly pose)