Heavy periods

Heavy periods

    Although several factors may be involved (for example, anatomical defects or growths in the uterus, abnormalities of blood components, or hormonal imbalance), the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding is often unknown. Heavy periods are sometimes caused by subtle health problems and can lead to other health problems.

    Heavy periods:

    Although several factors may be involved (for example, anatomical defects or growths in the uterus, abnormalities of blood components, or hormonal imbalance), the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding is often unknown. Heavy periods are sometimes caused by subtle health problems and can lead to other health problems.

    What Are Heavy Periods?

    Menorrhagia is the medical term for excessive menstrual discharge. A period is heavy when the bleeding is extensive or lasts more than 7 days. The average menstrual blood loss is approximately 30 to 40 millilitres, or 2 to 3 teaspoons, over a span of 4 to 5 days. Officially, menorrhagia is a loss of more than 80 millilitres of blood in a cycle or twice the normal amount.

     A person with menorrhagia may need to change their sanitary pads or tampons every hour for many hours at a time.

     Heavy periods can disrupt a person’s life and affect the body. A person may feel very tired and experience ongoing aches and pains. In some people, heavy periods cause excessive blood loss and cause anemia.

    Symptoms And Signs of Heavy Periods:

    • Soak 1 or more tampons or pads every hour for many consecutive hours.
    • Duplicate the pads
    • Changing pads or tampons overnight
    • Long-term menstrual periods (more than 7 days)
    • Blood clots the size of a quarter or more
    • Bleeding that prevents you from doing your normal activities.
    • Constant pain in the lower stomach.
    • Lack of energy
    • shortness of breath

    What Causes Heavy Bleeding?

    Various conditions or problems can cause heavy periods. These heavy periods can occur frequently or they can be more sporadic.

    Ectopic Pregnancy:

    The signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy can be mistaken for a heavy menstrual period. This type of pregnancy develops outside the uterus and is not sustainable. It can cause serious health problems, such as heavy bleeding and severe cramps. If left untreated, an ectopic pregnancy is life-threatening.

    Miscarriage:

    During and around a miscarriage, heavy bleeding is common and can be mistaken for a very heavy period.

    Non-hormonal Intrauterine Device (IUD):

    Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common and reliable side effect Source of a non-hormonal IUD. After a few months with your IUD, you may find that the bleeding becomes less severe.

    Medicines:

    Blood thinners can cause blood flow problems and heavier menstrual flow. Others, like birth control, the medications you take can interfere with your cycle and cause heavy bleeding on the first day of your period.

    Changes in Birth Control:

    If you recently stopped using hormonal birth control, your periods can be very heavy in the first few days as your cycle adjusts to hormonal changes.

    Hormonal Problem:

    Your body generally balances progesterone and estrogen, the two hormones that play the most important roles in menstruation.

     However, too much estrogen can lead to a thickening of the uterine lining. This can cause heavy bleeding as the lining is shed during your period. An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can also cause heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding.

    Bleeding Disorder:

    About 10 to 30 percent of women with heavy periods have a bleeding disorder, such as von Willebrand’s disease. These disorders can make it difficult to stop bleeding.

    Uterine Polyps:

    These small growths on the lining of the uterus can make your periods heavier.

    Uterine Fibers:

    Non-cancerous growths of the muscle tissue of the uterus are fibroids. They may grow or protrude into the cavity or any combination of these on the outside of the uterus, inside the wall.

    Certain Cancers:

    Cancer of the uterus, cervix, and ovaries is rarely the only cause of heavy bleeding, but a heavier period can be a symptom.

    Perimenopause:

    You might experience hormonal changes and exceptionally heavy bleeding during your time during this process before menopause.

    Recovery From Childbirth:

    After having a baby, heavy periods are not uncommon. These changes may be permanent, or your period may return to a flow similar to what it was before you got pregnant

    Adenomyosis:

    Adenomyosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue invades the muscles of the uterus, causing a thickening of the uterine wall and increased pain and bleeding.

    Endometriosis:

    Endometriosis is a disorder in which endometrial-like tissue grows outside the uterine cavity. Symptoms include:

    • painful periods
    • low back pain
    • heavy menstrual bleeding

    Normal vs. Abnormal Clots:

    If the clots are small, no larger than a quarter, and only occasional, there is usually nothing to worry about. Unlike blood clots that form in the veins, menstrual clots themselves are not dangerous. Regular removal of large clots during your period could indicate a medical condition that needs investigation.

     Normal clots:

    -they are smaller than a quarter

    -only occur occasionally, usually towards the beginning of your menstrual cycle

    -Appear dark or bright red

     Abnormal clots are larger than a quarter in size and occur more often.

    Heavy Bleeding With Blood Clots:

    If you notice on heavy days of your period that your blood seems too thick and can sometimes form a jelly-like mass, these are menstrual clots, a mixture of blood and tissue that is released from the uterus during your period. They can vary in size and color and there is usually nothing to worry about. Dark red or blackish clots may appear during the first few days of your period when the flow is heaviest. Generally speaking, if the clots are smaller than a quarter and there aren’t many, you don’t need to worry.

     Most of the time, menstrual clots are normal, but some symptoms may indicate other health problems. If you notice menstrual clots larger than a quarter, especially if you soak pads every hour, talk to your doctor. Clotting is the body’s way of protecting us, but if it happens frequently, you need to pay attention. When your menstrual flow is heavier, the blood clots tend to be larger because there is more blood in the uterus. The clots that form are usually much brighter red because blood fills up and leaves the uterine cavity more quickly, so quickly that it does not have time to darken. This also partly explains why, if you have a heavy flow, you are more likely to have colic. To expel larger blood clots, the cervix has to dilate slightly, causing pain that can be quite severe.

     Look out for these other symptoms if you experience heavy flow and menstrual clots:

    • Significant pain
    • Anemia (easy bruising)
    • Accidents in clothes and sheets.
    • Clots that increase in size.

    How To Diagnose Heavy Bleeding?

    Blood clots themselves are not a medical condition or disease, but a possible symptom of another underlying condition. To find out, you will probably also want to do some tests to find out what might be causing the blood clots. These tests can include:

    • Blood tests to detect disorders such as anemia, thyroid disease, and bleeding disorders.
    • Pap test to evaluate the presence of infection, inflammation, dysplasia, and cancer of the cervix
    • Endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of the uterus for cell abnormalities and cancer.
    • Ultrasound to evaluate the pelvic organs, including the uterus, ovaries, and pelvis.
    • Sonohysterogram, which involves instilling fluid into the uterus and using an ultrasound to evaluate the uterus for abnormalities.
    • Hysteroscopy, in which a camera is inserted into the uterus to inspect the lining.
    • Dilation and curettage are used as a treatment, but also to detect abnormalities.

    Treatment of Heavy Blood Flow:

     Birth control pills and hormonal IUDs can help balance hormones and control periods.

    • Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, can help relieve symptoms of a painful period and help reduce blood loss. You can buy NSAIDs online.
    • Your doctor may prescribe certain prescription medications such as oral progesterone to help treat heavy periods.
    • Surgery by removing polyps or fibroids can help reduce bleeding and relieve other painful menstrual symptoms.
    • If other treatments are unsuccessful, your doctor may remove the outer layers of your uterus lining during a D&C procedure. This helps reduce bleeding and lighten your periods. There may be a need to repeat this process.
    • A hysterectomy is chosen, In extreme cases, it may be necessary to completely remove the uterus. You will no longer have periods and, after this procedure, you will not be able to get pregnant.

      Taking extra vitamins during your period can help with bleeding. Certain nutrients, such as iron,  especially help to replace what you lose each month.

    • Vitamin C. This vitamin can help reduce mixing. It could also help your body absorb iron, which can help prevent iron deficiency.
    • Iron. There is some evidence from the source to suggest that a lack of iron could contribute to heavy periods. If eating a diet rich in iron has not improved your levels, supplementation can help.

    Blackstrap molasses. This thick, syrupy by-product of cane sugar is more than just a recipe additive. It is a good source of iron and nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, and selenium.

    FAQ's

    Diet changes

    Try over-the-counter (OTC) medications

    Hormonal treatments

    Prescription NSAIDs

    Growths or tumors of the uterus that are not cancerous; They may be called uterine fibroids or polyps. Cancer of the uterus or cervix. Certain types of contraceptives, problems related to pregnancy, such as a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, can cause abnormal bleeding.

    The menstrual cycle does not directly affect weight loss or gain, but there may be some secondary connections.

    Heavy menstrual bleeding is defined as losing 80 ml or more in each period, having periods lasting more than 7 days, or both. But it is usually not necessary to measure blood loss. Most women have a clear understanding of how much bleeding during their cycle is common for them and can tell when this changes.

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