Heart Attack : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Heart-Attack

    A heart attack usually occurs suddenly with severe chest pain, when a blood clot blocks blood flow to the heart. Women are more likely to have a typical symptoms than men.

    Heart Attack Symptoms:

    • → Tightness or pain in the chest, neck, back or arms
    • → Pain in the upper abdomen
    • → Nausea
    • → Fatigue
    • → Dizziness
    • → Cold Sweat

    Causes:

    A heart attack occurs when a coronary artery becomes blocked or narrows so much that blood flow stops. A Coronary artery is an artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle.

    Blockage in a coronary artery can happen if a blood clot stops blood flow and it will also happen it too much cholesterol plaque builds up in the artery.

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    Treatment:

    Blockages can be find with the following investigations Heart Checkup (TMT, 2D Echo, ECG), CT Coronary Angiogram or Cath Angiogram. And If blockage per present, treating the blockage responsible for a heart attack usually involves either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or Angioplasty with a stent.

    After the treatment patient need to follow the medications as per the cardiology doctor suggestion.

    Prevention:

    Many of the same strategies that can help to reduce your chances of having a heart attack.
    • → Stop Smoking
    • → Maintaining a healthy weight
    • → Getting your cholesterol and blood pressure levels into a healthy range.
    • → Limiting your alcohol intake
    • → Doing regular exercise

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