A natural response to stress is called anxiety. It’s a notion of fear, for example, on the first day of school, going for a job interview and delivering a speech in front of a large audience can sometimes cause anxiety.
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a normal feeling of fear that occurs due to moving to a new place or doing something new in life. These types of anxiety are unpleasant but it can sometimes motivate you to work hard and do a better job. Normal anxiety is feelings that remain for a few hours and it has very less impact on our life. If you’re facing anxiety disorder then it may stay for a longer period of time. Also, it can be intense and sometimes debilitating.
This type of anxiety disorder will not allow us to enjoy it. In some cases, it can also prevent you from entering an elevator, crossing roads and from leaving home. If the anxiety is not treated at the right time then it can get worse. Anxiety disorders are a very common form of emotional disorders and can affect anyone at any age. In a study, it’s shown that women are more likely to get diagnosed with anxiety disorders in comparison to men.
Types of Anxiety:
A person who suffers from agoraphobia has a fear of some specific places and situations that can create a fear in them of feeling trapped, powerless and embarrassed. This type of feeling sometimes can also cause panic attacks.
Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD)
A person who is having GAD is worried about the activities or events, even the situation which is part of their daily routine. This can cause severe headaches, stomach cramps and sleeping disorders.
Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
People with OCD suffer from unwanted or intrusive thoughts and from worries that can cause anxiety. The person may be aware of the thoughts but for getting relieved from the anxiety they can perform some rituals. It includes continuous washing of hands, checking on things like whether they have locked their house or not.
It can cause some sudden or repeated bouts of severe anxiety, fear, and terror. These are the panic attacks that a person can face in some part of the time if he is suffering from panic disorders. The people who are experiencing a panic attack can get:
- Feeling of Looming danger
- Chest pain
- Irregular heartbeat
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
A person who has experienced some traumatic events like war, assault, natural disaster, and accidents suffers from PTSD.
Some of the symptoms it includes are trouble in relaxing, nightmares, and flashbacks of some traumatic events.
It’s an ongoing inability of a child to speak in specific situations and places. Selective mutism can be experienced in everyday’s life and activities.
Separation anxiety disorder
Mainly, these kinds of disorders are faced by children, who at a very young age get separated from their parents and guardians.
It’s a fear from some specific object, event, or situation which results in severe anxiety when we are exposed to that thing. Phobias, like arachnophobia and claustrophobia, can cause you some panic attacks when exposed to the things that you fear.
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are very complicated. Some of the possible causes that it includes are:
Environmental stressors:- (Difficulties during work, the issue in a relationship or family)
Genetics:- (People who have a family member with the same anxiety disorder can more likely experience these disorders)
Medical Factors:- (People suffering from various diseases, medicines affect, or stress due to intensive surgery or prolonged recovery)
Brain chemistry:- (Anxiety are defined as the misalignments of hormones and electrical signals in the brain)
Symptoms of Anxiety disorders
- Feeling restless
- Trembling or shaking
- Being fatigued
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Muscle tension
- Feelings of doom
- Irrational worries about object or situation
- Unable to control the feelings of worry
- Sleeping disorders
- Irregular heartbeat
- Stomach cramp
What is an anxiety attack?
Anxiety attack is a feeling of stress, fear, and overwhelming apprehension. For most people anxiety develops very slowly. The symptom of anxiety attack varies greatly from person to person. Symptoms of an anxiety attack are:
- Feeling faint or dizzy
- Dry mouth
- Chills or hot flashes
Some important facts you should know about Anxiety:
Anxiety can be useful
People want to get rid of anxiety, but some anxiety can be programmed in our mind for some specific reason. Our body always responds to threat and danger very quickly. Even if we are able to avoid stress, anxiety is present in our mind for a longer period of time. Anxiety can be motivating as it will help you in meeting your deadlines and also helps in reacting to daily risks. The simple trick to follow in life is how to deal with the fear i.e., anxiety and not allowing it to overrule your life.
Anxieties are diagnosable condition
Anxiety starts interfering in your life as a common symptom in various forms of anxiety disorders. It can develop some complex set of risk factors that include genetic, brain chemistry and certain life events. This can be diagnosed easily if we stop thinking so much about these things.
Anxiety can result in physical symptoms
Anxiety not only affects our brain it can also show some of the physical signs. Some of the common anxiety symptoms it includes are sweating, shaking, dizziness, heartbeat, migraines and headache. Also, a person can face insomnia which can be temporary but is a chronic issue.
Anxiety affects more women than men
A woman tends to suffer from anxiety disorders more than men. This is due to the fluctuation of hormones which can cause a feeling of sensitivity or irritability. It’s obvious women take more stress than men, they take care of their family and office life also. Due to too much worry and sometimes they suffer from anxiety disorders.
Change in lifestyle will help
For getting relieved from the stress a person can follow various steps for changing their lifestyle. Sleeping for not less than eight hours that too a peaceful sleep feels helps them in fighting with the stress.
Anxiety is treatable
Anxiety disorders can be treated through the help of medical treatment. A person can also follow some stress-relieving techniques for managing anxiety disorders.
There are various ways of reducing the risk of anxiety disorders. Feeling anxious about a particular thing is normal and experiencing them doesn’t indicate the presence of mental health disorder.
Some of the preventive steps to be followed:
- Reduce the intake of caffeine, cola, and chocolate
- Before using herbal remedies consult with your doctor
- Maintain a proper diet
- Keep a constant sleeping pattern
- Avoid the consumption of alcohol
Anxiety Disorder or Everyday Anxiety
|Anxiety Disorder||Everyday Anxiety|
|Constant worry which causes significant distress and interferes in daily life||Worries about paying bills, landing jobs, breakups and other important events in life.|
|Avoiding some of the social events for fear of being judged or humiliated.||Self-consciousness in an awkward situation.|
|Fear from a particular situation, place or object which has no threat of danger.||Realistic fear from object, place and situation.|
|Getting a traumatic attack due to nightmares, flashbacks or any emotional incident.||Feeling sad, anxious or sleepy immediately after a traumatic event.|
When to visit the Doctor?
It’s not easy to predict when anxiety can be a serious problem. Without proper treatment you cannot get rid of the anxiety, it may cause more serious problems.
Visit a doctor if:
- Its spoiling your daily routine like hygiene, social life or professional life
- The anxiety or fear is distressing or hard to control
- You are consuming alcohol and it can lead to mental distress
- You are getting anxiety due to any underlying mental problem
Home Treatment for Anxiety
- Do regular exercise
- Avoid the consumption of alcohol
- Stop smoking
- Avoid the consumption of caffeinated drinks
- Try relaxing and follow some stress management techniques
- Get enough sleep
Anxiety disorder can be treated through medication and psychotherapy. People who are having mild anxiety disorder or fear can avoid medical treatment and can follow natural home treatment.
Severe anxiety disorders can also be treated with proper care. Sometimes anxiety doesn’t go away but managing it properly by living a happy and healthy life can make it easy.