Tooth decay is caused by acid-producing bacteria in your mouth that feed on sugar.
Sugar has its good and bad effects on our health. When taken in limit, sugar has a host of benefits for human health. Sugar has high calorie content hence provides energy to the body. Sugar’s glycolic acid helps in maintaining the health of the skin.
However, consuming too much of sugar may lead to metabolic dysfunction causing weight gain, abdominal obesity, decreased HDL and increased LDL and uric acid, elevated blood sugar and triglycerides and high blood pressure.
Sugar has its negative impact on almost all parts of the body. Sugar’s regressive impact on oral health is commonly seen. Sugar present in drinks especially sodas and juices has its impact as tooth decay or cavities. Sugar wreaks havoc on tooth enamel and encourages the growth of harmful bacteria.
Plaque that forms on teeth and gums also contains bacteria. Sugar present in the mouth is consumed by the bacteria which release acid as a waste product. This acid gradually dissolves the enamel in the teeth and leads to formation of cavities.
Severe erosion of cavities can lead to worn-out back teeth and changes in your biting patterns. The condition of cavities may require a dentist’s consultation and correction evident as extraction of unhealthy teeth, replacement of dental work, gum surgery and dental implants.
Some tips to ensure strong teeth and healthy gums include:
- Avoiding too many sweets
- Brushing your teeth twice a day
- Visiting a dentist twice a year
- Seeking professional support to remove plaque and tartar
- Availing dental sealants or fluoride treatments for added protection
- Detecting early signs of tooth decay