Difference between Coronavirus and Flu

Coronavirus

Coronavirus

Coronavirus is an infectious disease. People who are infected with COVID-19 experience very mild and moderate respiratory illness. Old age people having certain medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease will develop very serious illness. People with low immune systems will suffer from COVID-19 easily.

Symptoms

The common symptoms of COVID-19 are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Low-grade fever
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Loss of taste
  • Loss of smell

Emergency Coronavirus Symptoms:

  • Breathlessness
  • Severe Chest Pain
  • Pale face or lips

Flu

Flu is a viral infection which attacks directly to lungs, nose and throat. This is a contagious respiratory illness which ranges from mild to severe. The symptoms of flu are more severe than the common cold. People are at higher risk of infection. If you have a low immune system, then you can suffer from some severe chronic condition.

Symptoms

The common symptoms of Flu are:

  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Achy muscles
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Dry cough
  • Nasal congestion
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness

COVID-19 and Flu

COVID-19 Flu
Incubation period 2-14 days 1-4 days
Symptoms
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Low-grade fever
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Achy muscles
  • Sweating
  • Headache
Severity Asymptomatic or mild, but 1 in 5 may get hospitalized Mild, resolve in a week
Contagiousness Virus can spread rapidly Remains for 3-5 days
Vaccines and medications Not available Antiviral vaccines and antibiotics

Symptoms in Kids

COVID-19 Flu
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle Pain
  • Cough
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Poor appetite
  • Fever
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Tiredness
  • Runny nose
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Symptoms in Adults

COVID-19 Flu
  • Loss of taste
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness in breath
  • Muscle pain
  • Sore throats
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Chest Pain
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy nose
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

Transmissions

Both COVID-19 and Flu spread through person to person. Virus which has tiny droplets can pass from person to person through coughing or sneezing.

Flu infections can be transmitted to the people who are 6 feet away. WHO says people should stay 6 feet away from the next person for not getting in contact with COVID-19 infections. Symptoms of flu can spread faster than the COVID-19 virus.

Causes

COVID-19 and Flu are viral infections. Viruses are very tiny microbes which survive by invading other living cells. These cells are the host cells for the virus which multiplies inside them. They will spread to new cells around the body.

COVID-19 viruses will cause respiratory infections. SARS-CoV-2 causes infection which will lead to COVID-19.

Flu can be caused by two types of viruses- Influenza A and Influenza B. Any of these viruses can cause Flu.

Prevention

An effective way of preventing flu is through vaccination. Various strains of flu can cause infection. And doctors after knowing the infection will prescribe you with the right vaccines.

No vaccines are available for COVID-19. The virus is newly introduced and it will take some time for creating vaccines.

The best ways to prevent COVID-19 are:

  • Regularly wash your hands
  • Avoid touching your face
  • Maintain 6 feet distance
  • Cover your face while sneezing or coughing
  • Feeling unwell, stay at home
  • Avoid going to a crowded place

Treatment

Flu has its presence much before than COVID-19. So there are more treatment options available for Flu.

Mostly, the flu doesn’t require any medical treatment. But sometimes a doctor may provide an antiviral drug which will help in reducing the symptoms in 1-2 days.

The antiviral drug helps the body with fighting with the virus. They help in treating the virus immediately.

There are no antiviral drugs which have been approved for the treatment of COVID-19. But there are some ways for treating some of the symptoms.

If it is a mild Covid case, then the person must remain at home and maintain proper social distance. Doctors will prescribe antipyretics for reducing the fever.

If the patient is showing some severe symptoms, then he may require supplemental oxygen and mechanical ventilation for treating respiratory problems.

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